LOUISIANA REVISED STATUTES
TITLE 9. CIVIL CODE ANCILLARIES
CODE BOOK III--OF THE DIFFERENT MODES OF ACQUIRING THE OWNERSHIP OF THINGS
CODE TITLE V--OF QUASI CONTRACTS, AND OF OFFENSES AND QUASI OFFENSES
CHAPTER 2. OF OFFENSES AND QUASI OFFENSES
§ 2795.1. Limitation of liability of farm animal activity sponsor or professional; exceptions; required warning
A. As used in this Section, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:
(1) "Engages in a farm animal activity" means riding, training, providing, or assisting in providing medical treatment of, driving, or being a passenger upon a farm animal, whether mounted or unmounted, or any person assisting a participant or show management. The term "engages in a farm animal activity" does not include being a spectator at a farm animal activity, except in cases where the spectator places himself in an unauthorized area and in immediate proximity to the farm animal activity.
(2) "Farm animal" means one or more of the following domesticated animals:
horse, pony, mule, donkey, hinny, cow, ox, sheep, pig, hog, goat, ratite (ostrich, rhea,
emu), and chicken or other fowl.
(3) "Farm animal activity" includes any or all of the following:
(a) A farm animal show, fair, competition, performance, or parade that involves any or
all farm animals, including but not limited to any dressage, hunter and jumper horse show,
grand prix jumping, three-day event, combined training, rodeo, driving, pulling, cutting,
polo, steeplechasing, English and western performance riding, endurance trail riding, and
western game and hunting.
(b) Training or teaching activities, or both, involving farm animals.
(c) Boarding a farm animal, including daily care.
(d) Riding, inspecting, or evaluating a farm animal belonging to another, whether or
not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use
of the farm animal or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the farm animal to ride,
inspect, or evaluate the farm animal.
(e) A ride, trip, hunt, or other farm animal activity of any type, however informal or
impromptu, that is sponsored by a farm animal activity sponsor.
(f) Placing or replacing horseshoes or trimming the hooves on a farm animal.
(g) Examining or administering medical treatment to a farm animal by a veterinarian.
(4) "Farm animal activity sponsor" means an individual, group, club,
partnership, or corporation, whether or not the sponsor is operating for profit or
nonprofit, which sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for a farm animal
activity, including but not limited to: a pony club; 4-H club; hunt club; riding club;
school and college-sponsored class, program, and activity; therapeutic riding program; and
any operator, instructor, and promoter of a farm animal facility.
(5) "Farm animal facility" means any area used for any farm animal activity,
including but not limited to a farm, ranch, riding arena, training stable, barn, pasture,
riding trail, show ring, polo field, or other area or facility used or provided by a farm
animal activity sponsor or where a participant engages in a farm animal activity.
(6) "Farm animal professional" means a person engaged for compensation in any
of the following:
(a) Instructing a participant or renting to a participant a farm animal for the purpose
of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon the farm animal.
(b) Renting equipment or tack to a participant in a farm animal activity.
(c) Examining or administering medical treatment to a farm animal as a veterinarian.
(7) "Inherent risks of farm animal activities" means those dangers or
conditions which are an integral part of a farm animal activity, including but not limited
(a) The propensity of a farm animal to behave in ways that may result in injury, harm,
or death to persons on or around them.
(b) The unpredictability of a farm animal's reaction to such things as sounds, sudden
movement, and unfamiliar objects, persons, or other animals.
(c) Certain hazards such as surface and subsurface conditions.
(d) Collisions with other farm animals or objects.
(e) The potential of a participant to act in a negligent manner that may contribute to
injury to the participant or others, such as failing to maintain control over the farm
animal or not acting within his ability.
(8) "Participant" means any person, whether amateur or professional, who
engages in a farm animal activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the farm
B. Except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, a farm animal activity sponsor,
a farm animal professional, or any other person, which shall include a corporation or
partnership, shall not be liable for an injury to or the death of a participant resulting
from the inherent risks of a farm animal activity and, except as provided in Subsection C
of this Section, no participant or participant's representative shall make any claim
against, maintain an action against, or recover from a farm animal activity sponsor, a
farm animal professional, or any other person for injury, loss, damage, or death of the
participant resulting from any of the inherent risks of farm animal activities.
C. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of a
farm animal activity sponsor, a farm animal professional, or any other person if the farm
animal activity sponsor, farm animal professional, or person either:
(1) Provided the equipment or tack, and knew or should have known that the equipment or
tack was faulty, and such equipment or tack was faulty to the extent that it did cause the
(2) Failed to make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of the
participant to engage safely in the farm animal activity and to safely manage the
particular farm animal based on the participant's representations of his ability.
(3) Owns, leases, rents, or otherwise is in lawful possession and control of the land
or facility upon which the participant sustained injuries because of a dangerous latent
condition which was known or should have been known to the farm animal activity sponsor,
farm animal professional, or person and for which warning signs have not been
(4) Commits an act or omission that constitutes willful or wanton disregard for the
safety of the participant, and that act or omission caused the injury.
(5) Intentionally injures the participant.
D. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of a
farm animal activity sponsor or a farm animal professional under liability provisions as
set forth in the "Louisiana Products Liability Act", R.S. 9:2800.51 through
E. Every farm animal professional and every farm animal activity sponsor shall post and
maintain a sign conspicuously located which contains the warning notice specified in
Subsection F of this Section. The sign shall be placed in a clearly visible location on or
near any stable, corral, or arena where the farm animal professional or the farm animal
activity sponsor conducts a farm animal activity. The warning notice specified in
Subsection F of this Section shall appear on the sign in black letters, with each letter
to be a minimum of one inch in height. Every written contract entered into by a farm
animal professional or by a farm animal activity sponsor for the provision of professional
services, instruction, or the rental of equipment or tack or a farm animal to a
participant, whether or not the contract involves farm animal activities on or off the
location or site of the farm animal professional's or the farm animal activity sponsor's
business, shall contain in clearly readable print the warning notice specified in
Subsection F of this Section.
F. The signs and contracts described in Subsection E of this Section shall contain the
following warning notice: "WARNING Under Louisiana law, a farm animal activity
sponsor or farm animal professional is not liable for an injury to or the death of a
participant in a farm animal activity resulting from the inherent risks of the farm animal
activity, pursuant to R.S. 9:2795.1."
G. Failure to comply with the requirements concerning warning notices provided in this Section shall prevent a farm animal activity sponsor or farm animal professional from invoking the privilege of immunity provided by this Section.
Enacted in 1992, amended in 1999.
Reviewed by AAHS in April 2001.
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