University of Vermont AAHS

Oregon Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations




603-11-212 Diseases Reportable by Veterinarians
Any person practicing veterinary medicine in this state shall immediately notify the department by telephone of observing the following abnormalities:

(1) Any unidentified vesicular disease;

(2) Any exotic disease or foreign animal disease, even if only suspected;

(3) Any disease of unknown etiology exhibiting highly pathogenic or lethal effect; or

(4)Any person practicing veterinary medicine in this state shall immediately notify the department by telephone of clinical evidence of any of the following diseases:

(a) Anthrax;

(b) Avian Chlamydiosis;

(c) Avian Influenza;

(d) Avian Psittacosis;

(e) Bluetongue;

(f) Brucellosis (Brucella Abortus or Brucella melitensis, or Brucella Suis);

(g) Equine erhlichiosis (including Potomac horse fever);

(h) Equine encephalomyelitis;

(i) Equine infectious anemia;

(j) Equine viral arteritis;

(k) Foot and mouth disease;

(l) Hog Cholera;

(m) Laryngotracheitis in poultry;

(n) Newcastle Disease;

(o) Paratuberculosis (Johne's Disease);

(p) Pseudorabies;

(q) Pullorum-Typhoid Disease;

(r) Rabies

(s) Scabies Psoroptes;

(t) Scrapie;

(u) Trichomoniasis in cattle;

(v) Tuberculosis; and

(w)Vesicular Stomatitis.

603-11-305 Importation of Horses, Mules, and Asses or Other Equidae: Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)

In addition to OAR 603-11-255(1) through (7), (General Importation Requirements), which also apply to the importation of horses, mules, asses, or other equidae, the following shall apply to such importation:

(1) All equidae to be imported into Oregon shall be accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (Health Certificate) attesting to a negative official test for equine infectious anemia (EIA) within the prior six months, except:

(a) Equidae imported into the State of Oregon for slaughter, within 8 days, at an approved slaughter facility;

(b) For the sole purpose of treatment by a graduate veterinarian, immediately after which such equidae are is returned directly to place of origin;

(c) If such equidae originated in Oregon and were transported out of state for the exclusive purpose of working on a ranch and returning directly therefrom, without commingling with other equidae. This exemption does not apply to equidae taken to shows, rodeos, competitions, or similar public gatherings;

(d) Suckling foals under six months of age, traveling with their dams are exempted from the EIA test requirement;

(e) As exempted by written agreement with state veterinarians in other states.

(2) Except for travel to states exempted from EIA test requirements by written agreement in subsection (1)(e) of this rule, equidae owned and stabled in Oregon, which were transported out of state and returned, must have a negative test for EIA either:

(a) Before the end of the calendar year after returning from their last trip out of state; or

(b) Within the six months prior to returning from their last trip out of state. This does not exempt Oregon equidae from the import requirements of the state of destination.

(3) Any equidae found positive to an official test for EIA shall be handled in the manner prescribed by OAR 603-11-606.




603-11-601 Definitions
(1) "Official test" means a test officially recognized by the department and performed by a state/federal approved laboratory to determine qualitatively the presence or absence of equine infectious anemia.

(2) "Quarantine" means the summary confine-ment of animals, as authorized by ORS 596.392(4), to premises or areas designated or prescribed by the Department until released therefrom by order of the Department.

603-11-606 Procedure for Official Test and Quarantine

When, as a result of official tests, it is determined that any equidae is infected with equine infectious anemia, or that any equidae is a carrier of such disease, the following procedures shall immediately be carried out:

(1) The equidae determined to be infected, or suspected to be infected, shall be:

(a) Completely segregated from all other equidae in a secure stall or enclosure at a sufficient distance so as to prevent infection of other equidae by biting insects and shall be deemed to be quarantined and subject to the provisions of ORS 596.331; or in the alternative;

(b) Put to death by humane methods and the carcass disposed of as the Department directs, or

(c) Delivered for slaughter, within 8 days, to an approved slaughtering establishment.

(2) At the time and in the event the provisions of section (1) of this rule are utilized such equidae shall be branded on either the left side of the neck or the left shoulder with the number "92" followed by the letter "A" in figures not less than two inches in height.

(3) All other equidae exposed to any equidae which has been determined to be infected or suspected to be infected, shall be subjected to an official test.

(4) If at the time a quarantine under this section is affected the equidae is located on premises other than those of the owner, the Department may authorize removal of such equidae to the owner's premises for further quarantine in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1)(a) of this rule.

(5) Any offspring produced by a mare after determination that she is positive to an official test for EIA will be considered as positive and subject to the provisions of sections (1) and (2) of this rule.

(6) No genetic material originating from an equidae of either sex determined by official test to be positive may be used for reproductive purposes.

Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.

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