University of Vermont AAHS

Nevada Equine Infectious Anemia Statutes and Regulations



571.140. Inspection, testing, treatment, quarantine and condemnation of livestock
The state quarantine officer, or his representatives or his agents, may inspect, test, treat, quarantine and condemn livestock affected with any infectious, contagious or parasitic disease, and any such person may enter upon any ground or premises of this state to enforce the inspection, testing, treatment, quarantine and condemnation laws and all the rules, regulations and orders of the department.



571.020. Address for mailing copies of documents.

All copies of health certificates, applications for permits and requests for additional information relative to the provisions for entry of foreign livestock should be addressed to the Administrator of the Division
of Animal Industry, State Department of Agriculture, 350 Capitol Hill Avenue, Reno, Nevada 89502, telephone number (775) 688-1180.

571.025. Performance or confirmation of required tests by official laboratory.

All tests required for entry of an animal into Nevada must be performed or confirmed at an official laboratory before a health certificate or an entry permit is issued.

571.030. Horses, mules and asses.

1. A person shall not ship, transport or otherwise move a horse, mule or ass into this state unless the horse, mule or ass:

(a) Is accompanied by a health certificate; and

(b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, reacts negatively to a test for equine infectious anemia that was conducted within the 6 months before entry.

2. The following horses, mules or asses are exempt from testing for equine infectious anemia:

(a) A nursing foal which is less than 6 months of age and which is accompanied by its dam if its dam has reacted negatively to such a test.

(b) Horses from Nevada that are used outside the state for seasonal ranching purposes only.


571.380. Definitions.

As used in NAC 571.380 to 571.410, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. "Equine infectious anemia" means a disease caused by virus of the horse, commonly known as swamp fever, which is infectious in nature and spreads by improper use of hypodermic needles or other instruments and by insects. The disease may be acute, subacute, chronic or inapparent.

2. "Horse" means any member of the equine family including any horse, mule or ass.

3. "Person" means the state, any municipality, political subdivision, institution, public or private corporation, natural person, partnership or other entity.

4. "Reactor" means a horse, over 9 months of age, that reacts positively to an approved serological test for equine infectious anemia performed by an approved laboratory.

571.390. Official tests and procedures.

1. Positive diagnosis is made by using the agar gel immuno diffusion test (Coggins Test) or other approved tests to be conducted at any laboratory approved and recognized as an official laboratory for the diagnosis of the equine disease, equine infectious anemia.

2. Blood samples collected for the purpose of testing for equine infectious anemia must be done by a practicing veterinarian at the owner's request and expense, or by a veterinarian employed by the Federal Government or this state.

3. A complete, positive identification of the horse must be made by the veterinarian at the time of the blood sample collection.

4. An owner of a horse on which the approved test is to be conducted must be advised as to the agreed procedure that is to follow in the event the animal is positive to the official test and an agreement must be signed by the owner of the animal in which the owner agrees to the disposition of the horse as outlined.

571.400. Quarantines.

1. An equine found positive to the approved test must be quarantined to the premises of origin as provided by law.

2. Permission may be granted by the division to move reactor animals, if such movement is in the best interest of all concerned.

3. A horse under quarantine will be released only upon the death of the reactor, or if it is legally removed from this state under permit, and such testing of all other horses on the premises shows they are negative to this disease as required.

571.410. Branding.

1. An equine positive to the approved test must be branded on the left side of the neck with a hot or cold brand with the number "88" followed by the letter "A."

2. The brand must be not less than 2 inches high.

3. The branding and quarantining must be by or under the supervision of a veterinarian employed by this state or the Federal Government, when he is satisfied that the animal to be branded and quarantined is a positive reactor to the test.

Amended in 1999.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.

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