University of Vermont AAHS

Arizona Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations



R3-2-407. Equine Infectious Anemia
A. The Arizona official test for equine infectious anemia, known as Swamp Fever or EIA, is either the agar-gel immunodiffusion test, known as the Coggins Test, or the Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay test, known as the CELISA test. The test shall be performed in a laboratory approved by APHIS and required samples shall be drawn by an accredited veterinarian, the State Veterinarian, the State Veterinarian's designee, or a USDA APHIS veterinarian.

B. Disposal of equine testing positive.
1. When an Arizona equine tests positive to EIA, the testing laboratory shall immediately notify the State Veterinarian by telephone.
2. The EIA-positive equine shall be quarantined to the premises where tested,
segregated from other equine, and shall not be moved unless authorized by the State Veterinarian. The equine shall be retested by the State Veterinarian, the State Veterinarian's designee, or a USDA APHIS veterinarian within 2 weeks of the notification.
3. Within 14 days of being notified by the testing laboratory of a positive test conducted under subsection (B)(2), the State Veterinarian or the State Veterinarian's designee shall brand the equine on the left side of its neck with "86A" not less than 2 inches in height.
4. Within 10 days after being branded, the EIA-positive equine shall be:
a. Humanely destroyed, or
b. Confined to a screened stall marked "EIA Quarantine" that is at least 200 yards from other equine, or
c. Consigned to slaughter at a slaughtering establishment. If consigned to slaughter, the equine shall be accompanied by a Permit for Movement of Restricted Animals, VS 1-27, issued by the State Veterinarian, the State Veterinarian's designee, or a USDA APHIS veterinarian.
5. Offspring of mares testing EIA positive shall be quarantined and tested at 6 months of age. Offspring testing positive shall be handled as prescribed in subsection (B)(4).
6. If an EIA-positive equine is located on premises other than those of the owner at the time a quarantine under this Section is effective, the State Veterinarian may authorize movement of the EIA-positive equine to the owner's premises. If the owner lives in another state, the owner may move the equine to that state with the permission of the Chief livestock health official of the state and USDA APHIS.

C. The State Veterinarian shall require testing of any equine located in the same facility as the EIA-positive equine. The owner shall pay the expenses for the testing.

D. The owner of any equine found to be positive for EIA shall not be indemnified by the state for any loss caused by the destruction and loss of value of the equine.


R3-2-601. Definitions

The following terms apply to this Article:

1. "Animal" means livestock, feral swine, ratite, bison, water buffalo, oxen, llama, and any exotic mammal not regulated as restricted live wildlife by the Arizona Game and Fish Department.

2. "Breeding swine" means any swine having the potential to breed, and includes gilts, sows, and boars.

3. "Cervidae" means a family of cervids that includes deer, moose, elk, reindeer, and caribou.

4. "Dairy cattle" means cattle of dairy breeds or dairy types used for the production of milk or milk products for human consumption.

5. "Designated feedlot" means a confined drylot area under state quarantine that is approved and licensed by the State Veterinarian and is maintained for finish feeding of cattle or bison that do not meet the brucellosis or tuberculosis import test requirements.

6. "Health certificate" means a legible record that is issued by a VS animal health official, state animal health official, or accredited veterinarian at the point of origin of a shipment of animals, conforms to the requirements of R3-2-606, and is written on a form approved by the chief animal health official of the state of origin or an equivalent form of the USDA attesting that the animal described has been inspected and found to meet the Arizona entry requirements.

7. "Macaque" means any monkey of the genus Macaca in the family Ceropithecidae.

8. "Permit number" means a serialized number issued by the State Veterinarian's Office that conforms to the requirements of R3-2-607 and allows the regulated movement of certain animals into Arizona.

9. "Specifically approved stockyard" means a stockyard specifically approved by VS and the State Veterinarian for receiving from other states cattle and bison that are not brucellosis-reactor, brucellosis-suspect, or brucellosis- exposed cattle or bison.

R3-2-602. Requirements for Importation
Unless otherwise specifically provided in this Article, all animals and poultry transported or moved into the state of Arizona must be accompanied by an official health certificate or a permit, or both, which must be attached to the waybill or be in the possession of the driver of the vehicle or person in charge of the animals. When a single health certificate and permit number is issued for animals being moved in more than 1 vehicle, the driver of each vehicle shall have in his possession the original or a certified copy of the health certificate and permit number. (See R3-2-606(B))

R3-2-603. Importation of Diseased Animals
A. No animals affected with or which have been recently exposed to any infectious, contagious or communicable disease, or which originate in a state or federally quarantined area, may be transported or moved into the state of Arizona unless a permit for such entry is first obtained from the Arizona State Veterinarian's Office. In addition, all conditions for the movement of animals from a quarantined area established by the quarantining authority or U.S. Department of Agriculture must be met.

B. If any animal in a lot presented for shipment or movement into Arizona shows a suspicious or positive reaction to any test required for admission to Arizona, no animal from that lot or from the herd in which the animal reacting
to the test originates may enter the state of Arizona without special permission from the State Veterinarian or his agent.


R3-2-604. Permit required for livestock
A. Livestock may not enter the state of Arizona unless accompanied by an Arizona permit. This requirement applies regardless of the species, breed, sex, class, age, point of origin, place of destination, or purpose of the movement of the livestock entering the state.

B. Exceptions:

1. Horses, mules and asses.

2. Livestock consigned directly to slaughter at an approved slaughter establishment.


R3-2-605. Quarantine for animals entering illegally
A. Animals entering the state without a valid health certificate or permit number, or both if required, or in violation of any Section under 3 A.A.C. 2, shall be held in quarantine at the risk and expense of the owner until released by an authorized representative of the State Veterinarian. Animals under quarantine for noncompliance with this Article may be released only after the State Veterinarian is satisfied by testing, dipping, or observation over time, that the animals are not a threat to the livestock industry.

B. The State Veterinarian may request that an imported animal failing to meet entry requirements be returned to the state of origin, consigned directly to slaughter, confined to a designated feedlot, or consigned to a feedlot in
another state within 2 weeks of the request. Any extension to this time-frame shall be approved in writing by the State Veterinarian.

C. If the owner or owner's agent fails to comply with a request to return an animal to the state of origin within the time-frame required in subsection (B), the Department shall require that the animal be immediately gathered at the owner's risk and expense to avoid exposure of Arizona animals. The owner shall pay the expenses no later than 5 days after receipt of the bill, or an auction of sufficient livestock to pay the just expenses shall be held within 10 days at a livestock auction market. If additional expenses occur due to lack of cooperation by the owner or the owner's agent, the Director shall order the further sale of livestock.


R3-2-606. Health Certificate
A. A health certificate is valid for not more than 30 days after the date of issue, except where otherwise noted in this Article, and shall contain:
1. The name and address of the shipper and receiver;
2. The origin of shipment;
3. The shipment's final destination;
4. Cattle.
a. The number of animals covered by the health certificate, and an accurate description and, except for steers, spayed heifers, or "F" branded heifers consigned to a designated feedlot identified by brand, 1 of the following individual identifications:
i. The USDA metal eartag number;
ii. The registration tattoo number, or
iii. The registration brand of a breed association recognized by VS.
b. The health status of the animals, including date and result of an inspection, dipping, test, or vaccination required by Arizona; and
c. The method of transportation.
5. Swine.
a. Evidence that the swine have been inspected within 10 days before the shipment.
b. A statement that:
i. The swine have never been fed garbage, and
ii. The swine have not been vaccinated for pseudorabies.
c. Except for feeder swine consigned to a restricted swine feedlot:
i. A list of the individual permanent identification for each exhibition swine, using an earnotch that conforms to the universal swine-earnotch system or for each commercial swine, using other individual identification, and the premises identification using a tattoo or producer-furnished tamper- proof eartag that conforms to the USDA National Premises Identification System;
ii. The validated brucellosis-free herd number and last test date for swine originating from a validated brucellosis-free herd;
iii. The pseudorabies status of the state of origin; and
iv. The pseudorabies qualified negative herd number, if applicable.
d. Except for feeder swine consigned to a restricted swine feedlot, swine moving directly to an exhibition, and swine from a farm of origin in a state recognized by USDA-APHIS as a pseudorabies Stage V state, a statement that the swine shall be quarantined on arrival and kept separate and apart from all other swine until tested negative for pseudorabies no sooner than 15 days nor later than 30 days after entry.
e. Feeder swine consigned to a restricted swine feedlot shall be identified by premises of origin using a tattoo or producer-furnished tamper-proof eartag that conforms to the USDA National Premises Identification System.
6. Sheep and goats. A statement certifying that:
a. The sheep or goats are not infected with bluetongue, nor exposed to scrapie or originate from a scrapie-infected or source flock;
b. Breeding rams have been individually examined and are free of gross lesions of ram epididymitis.

B. Additions, deletions, and unauthorized or uncertified changes inserted or applied to a health certificate renders the certificate void. Uncertified photocopies of health certificates are invalid.

C. The veterinarian issuing a health certificate shall certify that the animals shown on the health certificate are free from evidence of any
infectious, contagious, or communicable disease or known exposure.

D. An accredited veterinarian shall inspect animals for entry into the state.

R3-2-607. Permit Number
A. A permit number may be obtained from the Office of the State Veterinarian, by calling (602) 542-4293. Any person applying for a permit number shall provide the following information:
1. The name and address of the shipper and receiver;
2. The number and kind of animals;
3. The origin of shipment;
4. The shipment's final destination;
5. The method of transportation; and
6. Any other information required by the State Veterinarian.

B. A permit number is valid for 15 calendar days from the date of issuance
unless otherwise specified.

C. A permit number shall be issued if the animals listed on the permit are in compliance with this Article. To cope with changing disease conditions, the State Veterinarian may refuse to issue a permit number or may require additional conditions not specifically established in this Article if necessary to protect animal health in Arizona.

D. The permit number issued shall be affixed or written on the health certificate, brand inspection certificate, and any other official documents as follows: "Arizona Permit No. _______" followed by the serialized number.

E. The State Veterinarian shall refuse to grant a permit number to any person who repeatedly commits the following:
1. Giving false information concerning a permit number for transportation of animals,
2. Failing to fulfill the conditions of a permit number, or
3. Failing to obtain a permit number.


R3-2-608. Consignment of animals
All animals transported or moved into the state of Arizona must be consigned to or in care of an Arizona resident, or to a legal entity and address authorized by law to do business in the state of Arizona. (Excluding exhibition or show animals.)

R3-2-609. Diversions

No person consigning, transporting, or receiving animals into the state of Arizona may authorize, order or carry out diversion of such animals to a destination or consignee other than set forth on the health certificate or permit without first obtaining permission from the State Veterinarian of Arizona authorizing such diversion.

R3-2-610. Tests -- official confirmation

All tests of animals required by Arizona or federal authorities as a condition for entry into Arizona must be made or confirmed by state or federal animal diagnostic laboratories.

R3-2-611. Transporter Duties
A. All owners and operators of railroads, trucks, airplanes, or other conveyances transporting animals into or through the state shall possess a valid health certificate under R3-2-606, and a permit number issued by the State Veterinarian, if required by R3-2-607. These documents shall be attached to the waybill, or be in the possession of the vehicle driver, or person in charge of the animals. When a single health certificate or permit number is issued for animals being moved in more than 1 vehicle, the driver of each vehicle shall possess the original or a certified copy of the health certificate containing the permit number, if required.

B. The owner of a railroad car, truck, airplane, or other conveyance used to
transport animals into or through the state shall maintain the conveyance in a clean and sanitary condition.

C. The owners and operators of railroads, trucks, airplanes, or other conveyances who transport animals into the state in violation of this Section shall clean and disinfect the conveyance in which the animals were illegally brought into the state before using the conveyance for transporting more animals. The cleaning and disinfection shall be performed under the supervision of an authorized representative of the State Veterinarian or the USDA.

D. The owners and operators of railroads, trucks, airplanes, or other conveyances shall follow the USDA requirements, Department and Arizona Commerce Commission rules, and Arizona statutes in the humane transport of animals into, within, or through the state.

R3-2-615. Equine Importation

A. Except for R3-2-607, equines may enter the state as prescribed in R3-2-602 through R3-2-611.

B. Equines shall be individually identified on the health certificate by age, sex, breed, color, name, brand, tattoo, scars, and distinctive markings.

C. Equines with fistulous withers or poll evil shall not be imported.

|D. All equine 6 months of age or older shall, using a test established in R3- 2-407(A), be tested negative for EIA within 12 months before entry. Testing expenses shall be paid by the owner. The health certificate shall contain:
1. The date and results of the test;
2. The name of the testing laboratory; and
3. The laboratory generated accession number.

Amended in 1997, 1998, 1999.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.

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