1 Legislature to provide for protection of livestock and stock owners.
The legislature shall pass all necessary laws to provide for the protection of livestock against the introduction or spread of pleuro-pneumonia, glanders, splenetic or Texas fever, and other infectious or contagious diseases. The legislature shall also establish a system of quarantine, or inspection, and such other regulations as may be necessary for the protection of stock owners, and most conducive to the stock interests within the state.
11-19-101 Duties of state veterinarian generally; failure to comply with provisions;
(a) The state veterinarian shall investigate all cases of dangerously contagious or infectious diseases among domestic animals in this state which are brought to his notice. In the absence of specific information, he shall make inspections of any locality where he has reason to suspect there is any contagious or infectious disease. He shall order that all animals affected with, exposed to or suspected of being affected with such diseases be gathered and quarantined. No animals pronounced affected with a dangerously contagious or infectious disease by the state veterinarian or his deputy or agent shall be turned loose, removed or permitted to escape, but shall be held subject to the order of the state veterinarian. All animals ordered gathered shall be gathered within a reasonable time specified by the state veterinarian.
(b) Any person failing to comply with this section shall be punished as provided in W.S. 11-1-103.
11-19-102 Duty of public to report diseases to state veterinarian; failure to comply or obstruction of duty; penalties.
Any person who knows or suspects that there is upon his premises any contagious or infectious disease among domestic animals, shall immediately report the same to the state veterinarian. A failure to report, or any attempt to conceal the existence of the disease or to willfully or maliciously obstruct or resist the veterinarian in the discharge of his duty is a misdemeanor. Any person convicted of any of the above acts or omissions shall be punished as provided in W.S. 11-1-103.
11-19-103 Quarantine of diseased animals generally; treatment thereof; effect of failure to obey order of state veterinarian.
(a) In all cases of infectious and contagious disease among domestic animals in this state, the state veterinarian may order the quarantine of the infected premises. If the disease becomes epidemic in any locality in this state, the state veterinarian shall immediately notify the governor who shall issue his proclamation forbidding transfer of any animal of the kind among which the epidemic exists from the locality without permission from the state veterinarian.
(b) Whenever the state veterinarian finds any infectious or contagious disease among domestic animals in any section of the state he shall take such steps as will prevent the spread of the disease. As a sanitary measure, he may inspect and compel the dipping, spraying or other treatment of all such animals in Wyoming found to be infected or exposed to the disease, under such rules and regulations as he may adopt.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, no person shall be required to dip ewes with lambs between April 15 and July 1, but all ewes with lambs infected with or exposed to any infectious or contagious disease must be held in quarantine, separate from sound sheep. The owner of ewes with lambs held in quarantine during the above period of exemption is required to spot and hand dress animals showing symptoms of any infectious or contagious disease, and the state veterinarian or his agent may enforce such treatment and recover the cost thereof as provided by law for treatment at any other time of the year.
(d) Where sheep must be dipped in the immediate vicinity of the quarantine and the owner fails to provide suitable facilities for dipping, the state veterinarian or his agent may prepare such dipping works at the expense of the owner. If the sheep cannot subsist on range forage until they have been treated, the state veterinarian shall provide feed at the owner's expense.
(e) If the owner or persons in charge of animals ordered treated, after reasonable notice determined by the veterinarian, fail to dip, spray or otherwise treat such animals as ordered, the veterinarian may seize or cause such animals to be seized and dipped, sprayed or otherwise treated, and may hold and sell the animals, or part thereof as necessary to pay all costs of inspection, seizing, caring for, dipping, spraying or other treatment together with cost of sale. The sale shall be made at the time and place and in the manner prescribed by the veterinarian. Not less than three (3) days nor more than fifteen (15) days notice of the time, place and purpose of the sale shall be given by the veterinarian to the owner or persons in charge of the animals, by personal service within the county in which the animals are being held if possible, and if not possible then such notice may be given either by personal service outside of the county or by advertisement in any paper selected by the veterinarian.
(f) The owner of animals so seized and held may at any time prior to sale recover possession of the same by paying to the state veterinarian the amount of costs incurred by order of the veterinarian against the animals. Any sum realized from the sale of the animals over the cost actually incurred against the animals shall be returned to the owner of the animals if known or can by reasonable diligence be found. Otherwise the overage shall be placed in the estray fund and dispensed as provided by law.
11-19-104 Slaughter of diseased animals; authority of veterinarian; slaughtering order; when consent of owner required.
(a) In any case of epidemic disease where premises have been previously quarantined by the state veterinarian, he may order the slaughter of any diseased animals upon the premises and all animals that have been exposed to contagion or infection under the following restrictions:
(i) The order shall be in writing with a duplicate for each owner of the animals condemned;
(ii) The original of each order shall be filed by the veterinarian with the governor and a duplicate given to the owner; and
(iii) Before slaughtering any animal that has been exposed only and does not show disease, the veterinarian shall have the consent of the owner or person in charge of the animal to be slaughtered.
11-19-105 Slaughter of diseased animals; condemnation by veterinarian; burning of carcass; payment of expenses.
The state veterinarian or his deputy shall condemn the animals before slaughter and shall superintend the slaughter of animals condemned. The carcass, including every part of the animal and hide, shall be destroyed by burning to ashes, and also excrement as far as possible. He shall cause the slaughter and burning to be done as cheaply as practicable and shall pay the expense from any fund appropriated for that purpose, taking proper vouchers for the same.
11-19-106 Slaughter of diseased animals; owner's claims.
(a) All claims against the state arising from the slaughter of animals, together with the order of the veterinarian, shall be submitted to the state auditor who shall examine them without unnecessary delay. For each claim he finds to be equitable and entitled to indemnity under this chapter the auditor shall issue his warrant on the state treasurer for the sum named in the claim. All claims for indemnity arising under the provisions of this chapter, before they are presented for payment to the auditor, shall be submitted to the state veterinarian who shall fully inform himself of the facts connected with each claim. The state veterinarian shall endorse on each claim his approval or rejection and shall express in such endorsement the reasons for his approval or rejection.
(b) If the state veterinarian rejects a claim it and the reasons for rejection shall be submitted to a board of arbitration consisting of three (3) members selected as follows:
(i) The state veterinarian shall select one (1) stock grower who is a resident of the county where the slaughtered animal for which the claim is made ranged;
(ii) The claimant shall select one (1) stock grower who is a resident of the same county; and
(iii) These two (2) shall choose the third member from among the stock growers of the same county.
(c) The indemnity granted shall be the fair market value of the livestock as determined by the department of agriculture. It shall be paid to the owner upon his application and presentation of proofs prescribed herein within six (6) months of the date of slaughter for which payment is claimed. The claim shall be barred if not presented within the time limited.
(d) Payments shall be made by the state treasurer from funds appropriated as provided by W.S. 11-19-109. The right to indemnity is limited to animals destroyed by reason of existence or suspected existence of some epizootic form of infectious or contagious diseases, generally fatal or incurable.
(e) There is no right to indemnity and payment in the following cases:
(i) For animals belonging to the United States;
(ii) For animals that are brought into the state contrary to the laws of this state or the governor's import proclamation;
(iii) For animals found to be diseased upon arrival or that were exposed to the disease prior to their arrival in the state under circumstances whereby the Wyoming owner knew or should have known of such conditions;
(iv) When an animal was previously affected by any other disease which from its nature and development was incurable and necessarily fatal;
(v) When the owner or person in charge has knowingly or negligently omitted to comply with W.S. 11-19-104 or 11-19-105; or
(vi) When the owner or claimant at the time of coming in possession of the animal knew it to be diseased or received the notice specified in W.S. 11- 19-110.
11-19-107 Auditor to pay claims allowed by board; effect of failure to submit claim to board.
The state auditor shall pay no claim for indemnity which is rejected by the state veterinarian, unless it has been submitted to arbitration and the arbitration board decided it to be legal and just. If any claimant refuses to submit his claim rejected by the veterinarian to a board of arbitration, the refusal is a waiver of all claim for indemnity.
11-19-108 Compensation of board.
Each member of a board of arbitration shall receive five dollars ($5.00) for each day actually engaged and employed in the investigation of any claim, paid by the state veterinarian out of an appropriation for that purpose.
11-19-109 Limitations on indemnity.
The liability of the state for indemnity for animals destroyed under this act [ss 11-19-101 through 11-19-111] in any two (2) years, is limited by and shall in no case exceed the amount especially appropriated for that purpose and for that period.
11-19-110 Quarantine of diseased animals; authority of veterinarian over animals in transit.
(a) The owner or person having in charge any animal affected with or suspected of any contagious or infectious disease shall immediately confine the animal in a safe place, isolated from other animals, and with all necessary restrictions to prevent dissemination of the disease until the arrival of the state veterinarian.
(b) The state veterinarian or his agent may examine all animals passing through the state and on detection or suspicion of disease may take possession of and treat and dispose of animals in transit in the same manner as animals resident in the state.
11-19-111 Regulation of importation of livestock; prohibited acts; penalties; applicability.
(a) The governor, upon recommendation of the Wyoming livestock board, may regulate by proclamation the importation into Wyoming from any other state any livestock, or any virulent blood or live virus of any disease affecting livestock, or any thing suspected of being infected with livestock disease germs, except under such conditions as he deems proper for the protection of the livestock of Wyoming. All requirements in the governor's proclamation shall be enforced by the Wyoming livestock board.
(b) After a proclamation is issued by the governor it is unlawful for any person to import into Wyoming or receive imports within this state from any other state any livestock, virulent blood or live virus of diseases affecting livestock, or any product or thing suspected of being infected with livestock disease germs, except under such conditions as may be imposed by the proclamation. Any person who violates this section shall be punished as provided in W.S. 11-1-103. The violator is civilly liable for all damages and loss sustained by any person by reason of violation of the proclamation.
(c) The proclamation authorized by this section shall not prohibit the transportation of animals through Wyoming by railroad as long as the animals are not unloaded in this state.
11-19-112 Cooperation with federal bureau of animal industry.
The state consents to having the bureau of animal industry of the United States department of agriculture and its employees come within Wyoming for all purposes connected with the importation and exportation of diseased livestock and for all purposes connected with the eradication, suppression and control of dangerously infectious and contagious diseases of livestock.
Reviewed by AAHS in January 2002.
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