University of Vermont AAHS

CONNECTICUT QUARANTINE AND HEALTH CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENTS

CONNECTICUT STATUTES
TITLE 22. AGRICULTURE. DOMESTIC ANIMALS
CHAPTER 438A. HORSES

 

 

22-413. Health certification of equines. Regulations. Penalty
(a) Any equine presented for public auction in this state shall have a health certificate issued by a veterinarian licensed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 384 and cosigned by the state veterinarian. Such examination shall be obtained within ten days prior to the auction and shall be made at the expense of the owner.

(b) Any equine presented for public auction in this state shall have a certificate indicating a negative reaction to a coggins test which shall be obtained within sixty days prior to such auction.

(c) Any person violating any provision of this section shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each violation.


22-414. Licensing and supervision of public equine auctions

The Commissioner of Agriculture shall supervise commission sales stables where equines are sold at public auctions. Any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of selling equines at auctions shall annually apply to the commissioner for a license upon a form to be prescribed by him. The fee for a license to hold one public auction annually shall be fifteen dollars and the fee for a license to hold more than one public auction annually shall be fifty dollars. Each such license shall be issued for the period of one year from July first and may be revoked for cause. If, in the judgment of the commissioner, any provision of this section has been violated, he shall send notice by registered or certified mail to the licensee, who shall be given a hearing, and, if violation is proven, his license shall be revoked. All stables and sales rings shall be kept clean and shall be suitably disinfected prior to each sale. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the private sale of equines conducted by the owner thereof. Any person, or any officer or agent of any corporation, who violates any provision of this section or who obstructs or attempts to obstruct the Commissioner of Agriculture or his deputy or any of his assistants in the performance of his duty shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.


22-415. Inhumane transportation of equines

Any person who carries or causes to be carried or has the care of any equine in or attached to any vehicle or otherwise in an unnecessarily cruel or inhumane manner, or in a way and manner which might endanger the equine or knowingly and wilfully authorizes or permits such equine to be subjected to unnecessary torture, suffering or cruelty of any kind in the transporting of such equine, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall adopt regulations pursuant to chapter 54 pertaining to the transportation of equines upon the highways of Connecticut as deemed necessary to prevent the cruel or inhumane treatment of equines.


22-415a. Equine infectious anemia: Definitions

As used in sections 22-415a to 22-415j, inclusive:

(1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Agriculture;

(2) "Equine" means any member of the equine family which includes horses, ponies, mules, asses, donkeys and zebras;

(3) "Equine infectious anemia" means a disease of equines caused by an infectious virus which may be spread by blood-sucking insects, unsterile surgical instruments and community use of equipment that may produce cuts or abrasions and which may cause an equine to test positive to an official test;

(4) "Licensed veterinarian" means a veterinarian who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 384;

(5) "Official test" means a serological test for equine infectious anemia that is (A) approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, (B) conducted in a laboratory approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture, and (C) administered by a licensed veterinarian, state veterinarian, or full-time employee with the livestock division of the State Department of Agriculture;

(6) "Reactor" means an equine whose blood serum reacts positively to an official test for equine infectious anemia;

(7) "Freeze-brand" means a metal brand which produces a permanent mark with a configuration of 16A that is three inches in height and is applied to the left neck or shoulder area of any equine that is positive to the equine infectious anemia test in such a manner that the brand is obvious and not obscured by a mane;

(8) "Isolation" means no biological contact with another equine.


22-415b. Required testing for equine infections anemia for equines exposed to the disease

The commissioner may require an equine to be tested for equine infectious anemia at the expense of the owner if he reasonably determines that such equine has been exposed to equine infectious anemia and poses a threat to other equines.


22-415c. Requirements for the importation of equines into Connecticut. Penalties

(a) Any equine imported into the state, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, shall have an official interstate health certificate and an official equine infectious anemia test certificate which states that such equine has been officially tested prior to being imported into the state and found to be negative to equine infectious anemia within a period not exceeding twelve months prior to the date of entry. Such certificates shall include the name and address of the owner, trainer or person responsible for the equine; the name and registration number of the equine, if any; and the age, breed, sex, color and positive identifying marks or scars of the equine, including a complete description of such marks or scars.

(b) If an equine does not have the equine infectious anemia certificate required by subsection (a) of this section or if the state veterinarian or his agent determines that such a certificate does not properly or accurately describe an equine, the state veterinarian or his agent may require the equine to be held at an area approved by him and retested at the expense of the owner or be removed from the state.

(c) Any equine which does not have an official equine anemia test certificate may be shipped into the state for immediate slaughter in accordance with section 22-272a. Any equine which tested positive to equine infectious anemia on an official test may be shipped into the state for research purposes or immediate slaughter in accordance with said section after first obtaining a special permit from the state veterinarian.

(d) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars for each violation. Any equine which does not have a valid interstate health certificate shall be immediately quarantined and the state veterinarian shall order whatever tests necessary to determine the health of such equine. All costs associated with any such quarantine as well as any tests conducted shall be paid by the owner of such equine.


22-415d. Written permission for transfer of ownership of an equine that tested positive

No person shall sell, lease, exchange, barter, or give away any equine that tested positive to an official test for equine infectious anemia except upon written permission from the commissioner.


Amended in 1998.
Reviewed and updated by AAHS in December 2001.


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