University of Vermont AAHS

Vermont Equine Infectious Anemia Statutes and Regulations

VERMONT STATUTES
TITLE SIX. AGRICULTURE
PART 5. LIVESTOCK DISEASE CONTROL
CHAPTER 102. CONTROL OF CONTAGIOUS LIVESTOCK DISEASES
SUBCHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

1151. Definitions
As used in this part:

(1) "Accredited veterinarian" means a veterinarian approved by the United States Department of Agriculture and the state veterinarian to perform functions specified by cooperative state-federal disease control programs.


(2) "Animal" or "domestic animal" means cattle, sheep, goats, equines, fallow deer, red deer, reindeer, American bison, swine, poultry, pheasant, Chukar partridge, Coturnix quail, psittacine birds, ferrets, camelids, ratites (ostriches, rheas, and emus). The term shall include cultured trout propagated by commercial trout farms. However, an animal, including any of those listed in this subdivision, which is imported, possessed or confined for the purpose of hunting it, shall be a wild animal and regulated by the fish and wildlife board and commissioner of fish and wildlife under the provisions of part 4 of Title 10.

(3) "Approved slaughterhouse" means an establishment maintained by a slaughterer under state or federal law.

(4) "Camelids" means any animal of the family camelidae including, but not limited to, guanacos, vicunas, camels, alpacas and llamas.

(5) "Coggins test" means the agar gel immunodiffusion blood test conducted in a laboratory approved by the United States Department of Agriculture and the commissioner.

(6) "Commissioner" means the Vermont commissioner of agriculture, food and markets, or his or her designee.

(7) "Contagious disease," "communicable disease," "infectious disease" or "disease" means any disease found in domestic animals which is capable of spreading from one domestic animal to another with or without actual contact. "Contagious disease" includes, but is not limited to, all reportable diseases.

(8) "Domestic fowl" or "poultry" means all domesticated birds of all ages which may be used as human food, or which produce eggs that may be used as human food excluding those birds protected by 10 V.S.A. part 4.

(9) "Equine animal" means any member of the family equidae, including, but not limited to, horses, ponies, mules, asses, and zebra.

(10) "Equine infectious anemia" means swamp fever, the disease of equine animals spread by bloodsucking insects and unsterile surgical instruments or equipment that produces cuts or abrasions.

(11) "Red deer" means domesticated deer of the family cervidae, subfamily cervinae, genus Cervus, species elaphus.

(12) "Fallow deer" means domesticated deer of the genus Dama, species dama.

(13) "Ferret" means only the European ferret Mustela putorious furo.

(14) "Reportable disease" means any disease determined by the commissioner by rule to be a reportable disease or contained in the following list:

* * *
Equine infectious anemia
* * *


1152. Administration

(a) The commissioner shall be responsible for the administration and enforcement of the livestock disease control program. The commissioner may appoint the state veterinarian to manage the program, and other personnel as are necessary for the sound administration of the program.

(b) The commissioner shall maintain a public record of all permits issued, and of all animals tested under this chapter, for a period of three years.

(c) The commissioner may conduct any inspections, investigations, tests, diagnoses or other reasonable steps necessary to discover and eliminate contagious diseases existing in domestic animals or cultured trout in this state.

(d) The commissioner may contract and cooperate with the United States Department of Agriculture and other federal agencies or other states for the control and eradication of contagious diseases of animals.

(e) If necessary, the commissioner shall set priorities for the use of the funds available to operate the program established by this chapter.


1154. Inspection and testing

(a) The commissioner may routinely inspect all domestic animals in the state for contagious diseases.

(b) The commissioner shall investigate any reports of diseased animals, provided there are adequate resources.

(c) In carrying out the provisions of this part, the commissioner, or his authorized agent, may enter any real estate, premises, buildings, enclosures or areas where animals may be found for the purpose of making reasonable inspections and tests.

(d) A livestock owner or the person in possession of the animal to be inspected, upon request of the commissioner, shall restrain the animal and make it available for inspection and testing.


SUBCHAPTER 2. EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA


1181. Certification required

(a) Any equine animal imported into the state or transported through the state shall be accompanied by a certificate of veterinarian inspection. The certificate shall state that the equine animal has been tested negative to equine infectious anemia by an accredited veterinarian.

(b) Any equine animal sold, offered for sale, bartered, exchanged or given away within the state shall be tested by an accredited veterinarian and certified as negative to equine infectious anemia. The provision of this chapter shall not apply to equine animals which are transferred between the owner of the animal and his or her spouse, parent, child or sibling, where the equine animals are not transported from the premises of the owner or consigned directly to slaughter.

(c) Whenever the commissioner has reason to believe that any equine animal has been exposed to equine infectious anemia and that the animal may pose a threat to other equine animals, the commissioner may require that the animal be tested for equine infectious anemia by an accredited veterinarian or full-time state or federal employee.

(d) The commissioner may require by rule that any equine animal transported to any fair, show, competition, or other gathering of equine animals be accompanied by a certificate which states that the equine animal has been tested and found negative to equine infectious anemia.

(e) The commissioner shall establish by rule the form and manner of required certifications and the periods of time within which testing and certification of equine animals shall be accomplished.

(f) The commissioner shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 25 of Title 3, for the purchase by a livestock dealer for resale or for slaughter, of equine not known to be tested for equine infectious anemia, as authorized by subsection (b) of this section. The rules shall include specifications governing equine quarantine facilities, procedures for equine animals of unknown EIA status intended for resale to be retested, procedures for handling equine animals of unknown EIA status purchased for slaughter, and record keeping requirements for livestock dealers.


1182. Testing of equine animals

(a) Testing of equine animals for equine infectious anemia shall be done by an accredited graduate veterinarian by means of a coggins test or other test acceptable to the commissioner, at the owner's expense.

(b) Any equine animal found to be a reactor by means of a test under subsection (a) of this section shall be administered a second test within 72 hours of receipt of the results of the first test.

(c) Any equine animal found to be a reactor shall be quarantined in accordance with instructions of the commissioner between receipt of the results of the first and second tests. Any equine animal found to be a reactor to a second test shall continue to be quarantined until adequate arrangements are made for disposition of the animal in accordance with section 1183 of this title.

(d) Any veterinarian who identifies an equine animal as a reactor shall report that animal to the commissioner in a form and manner to be prescribed by rule of the commissioner.

(e) The commissioner shall notify veterinarians and owners of equine animals in the immediate area of the location of the diseased animal. The immediate area shall be defined by the commissioner as necessary to meet the specific circumstances created by the diseased animal.


1183. Disposition of reactors

(a) Any equine animal identified as a reactor through testing as provided in subsections (a) and (b) of section 1182 of this title shall be humanely destroyed within seven days of the second test. The destruction of the animal shall be by an accredited graduate veterinarian, or by any other person if observed by the commissioner or an agent of the United States Department of Agriculture.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a reactor may be transported to an approved slaughterhouse or research facility where authorized by written permission of the commissioner. In granting permission, the commissioner may specify the conditions under which the animal shall be quarantined, transported and destroyed.

(c) Any person, including an accredited graduate veterinarian, who destroys any equine animal in accordance with the provisions of this section, shall report the destruction of the animal to the commissioner within seven days.

(d) As an alternative to the destruction of animals under the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, reactors may be isolated permanently under quarantine from all other equine animals and shall be conspicuously freezebranded with the letters "EIA." In no case shall this action be delayed for more than two weeks. The quarantine shall apply to all equine animals on the premises where the reactor is located, and shall remain in effect until the reactor is destroyed or isolated under quarantine and the remaining equine animals are tested and found to be negative.

(e) The provisions of this section shall be implemented by rule of the commissioner.


1184. Penalties

Any person who violates section 1183(a) of this title shall be fined not less than $500.00 nor more than $2,500.00. Any person who violates the provisions of sections 1181, 1182 or 1183(b), (c) or (d) of this title shall be fined not more than $500.00.

 

CODE OF VERMONT RULES
AGENCY 20. AGENCY OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND MARKETS
SUB-AGENCY 022. LIVESTOCK DIVISION
CHAPTER 010. Control and Eradication of Equine Infectious Anemia

 

SECTION I DEFINITIONS
1. Accredited Veterinarian - means any veterinarian who is approved by the Livestock Sanitary Official in the state or country of origin to inspect livestock and issue Certificates of Veterinary Inspection.

2. Approved Laboratory - means a laboratory approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture to perform official tests for equine infectious anemia.

3. Approved Slaughterhouse - means an establishment maintained by a slaughterer as defined in 6 V.S.A. Chapter 204, Section 3301(6) formerly 6 V.S.A. Chapter 203 Section 3191(11).

4. Commissioner - means the Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture or his or her designee.

5. Department - means the Vermont Department of Agriculture.

6. Equine Animal - means any member of the equine family which includes horses, ponies, mules, asses and zebras.

7. Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) - means a disease of equine animals also known as Swamp Fever which is infectious and may be spread from animal to animal by blood sucking insects or unsterile surgical instruments, etc.

8. Freeze Brand - means a metal brand which will produce a permanent mark with a configuration of 13A that is 3" in height and is applied to the left neck or shoulder area of equine that are positive to the EIA test.

9. Import - means to transport, carry, bring or ship into the state from outside of the state.

10. Isolation - means confinement to an enclosure or pasture whose boundaries are not closer than 200 yards from other pastures or enclosures which harbor equine animals. Enclosures or pastures, whose boundaries are closer than 200 yards from other pastures or enclosures, may be approved for isolation of an EIA reactor if, in the judgement of the Commissioner, the enclosures are sufficiently screened to preclude entry of biting insects.

11. Official Test - means any test used for detection of equine infectious anemia that is approved by the United States Department of Agriculture including a Coggins test, which is a serological test that is also known as an Agar-gel immunodiffusion test (AGID test).

12. Owner - any person, partnership or corporation who holds legal title to the equine animal.

13. Reactor - means an equine animal whose blood serum reacts positively to an approved serological test for equine infectious anemia.


SECTION II. CERTIFICATION

A. CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
1. Any equine animal that is imported into the state shall be accompanied by proof that such animal has been officially tested and found to be negative to equine infectious anemia within one year prior to transportation into the state.

2. Any equine animal that is sold, offered for sale, bartered, exchanged or given away within the state must be tested for and certified as negative to Equine Infectious Anemia by an accredited veterinarian within 60 days prior to the transfer of ownership of the equine animal.

3. Any equine animal may be required to be tested for EIA if the Commissioner has reason to believe that the equine animal has been exposed to EIA and may pose a threat to other equine animals.

4. The owner of an equine animal shall be responsible for compliance with all requirements as set forth in these rules.

B. EXEMPTIONS TO CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
Testing for Equine Infectious Anemia is not required for any equine animal which:

1. is transferred between the owner and his or her immediate family members (including a spouse, parent, child or sibling) if the equine animals are not transported from the owner's premises.

2. is consigned directly to slaughter.

3. is under six months of age.

C. PROOF OF CERTIFICATION
Proof that an equine animal has been officially tested and found to be negative to Equine Infectious Anemia may be evidenced by a copy of the EIA test results contained on:

1. The official forms submitted for EIA laboratory testing or,

2. A Certificate of Veterinary Inspection.


SECTION III. TESTING

A. Procedural Requirements

1. Testing of equine animals for EIA shall be done by an accredited veterinarian by means of a Coggins test or other test acceptable to the Commissioner.

2. Equine blood samples, withdrawn to test for Equine Infectious Anemia, shall be taken only by an accredited veterinarian.

3. Diagnostic testing for EIA shall be performed at approved laboratories.

B. Confirmation Testing

1. Any equine animal found to be a reactor based on the results of an official test, may be administered a second official test within 72 hours of receipt of the results of the first official test.

2. The owner may select any approved laboratory in which to have the confirmation testing conducted.

C. Notification

1. All veterinarians and laboratories conducting official tests shall report the results of positive tests promptly to the owners and to the Commissioner.

2. Veterinarians shall report to the Commissioner the identity and location of any equine animal that is demonstrating clinical signs of EIA whose owner refuses to test for EIA.

3. The Commissioner shall determine, based on all the facts and circumstances involved, which equine owners in the immediate area of a quarantined animal should be notified of the existence of Equine Infectious Anemia in their local area.

D. Identification of Reactors and Animals under Test

1. Equine animals subject to official EIA testing shall be identified by the description of the testing veterinarian.

2. Equine animals under test pending final laboratory confirmation results shall be identified by a numbered metal locking device attached to the tail or mane of such animals.

3. Equine animals confirmed to be reactors shall be permanently and conspicuously identified by a freeze brand.


SECTION IV. QUARANTINE AND DISPOSITION

A. Animals Under Test

1. Animals under test shall not be removed from the premises on which samples were taken until the results are known except by special permission granted by the Commissioner.

2. Any equine animal found to be a reactor based on the first EIA test shall be quarantined to the premises during the time interval between receipt of the first and second test results.

B. Quarantined Reactors

1. Any equine animal found to be a reactor to the second EIA test shall continue to be quarantined until properly disposed of in accordance with the rules.

2. A quarantine shall apply to all equine animals on the owner's premises and shall remain in effect until the animal is disposed of in accordance with these rules and the remaining animals on the premises are tested and proved to be negative to Equine Infectious Anemia.

C. Disposition of Quarantined Reactors

Any quarantined reactors shall be properly disposed of in one of the following manners. Quarantined reactors may be:

1. humanely destroyed under the supervision of an accredited veterinarian within seven days of receipt of the second positive EIA test result, or

2. condemned to slaughter at an approved slaughterhouse, or

3. transported to a research facility that has been approved of in writing by the Commissioner, or

4. permanently isolated under quarantine in conformance with requirements set forth in Section I (10), Section III, D (3), and Section IV. D(2)(a)-(d), within two weeks of receipt of a second positive EIA test result.

D. Reporting Disposition of Reactors

1. Any person who destroys any equine animal in accordance with these rules shall report the destruction of the animal to the Commissioner within seven days.

a. The veterinarian, supervising the destruction of a quarantined reactor, shall send a signed statement attesting to the destruction of the reactor to the Commissioner.

b. The owner of an approved slaughterhouse shall send to the Commissioner a signed form certifying that the reactor has been slaughtered.

c. Before a quarantined reactor may be transported to an approved research facility, the Department must receive a form from the research facility certifying that the research facility has authority to receive quarantined reactors and has given informed consent to receive the quarantined reactor.

2. Any owner who chooses to permanently isolate a quarantined reactor must obtain written permission from the Department.

a. Any person who requests permission to permanently isolate a quarantined reactor must submit a written application specifying in detail the conditions under which the animal will be isolated including, but not limited to:

i. a description of the housing facility, that specifies the location, the manner of screening to prevent entry of biting insects, the types of construction materials used, the measurements of the stall and boundaries, the distance to and location of any other equine animals on the premises, and

ii. an explanation of the methods that will be used to insure that other equine animals are not exposed to the reactor, including, if necessary, provisions for periodic testing of other equine animals on the premises.

b. Prior to approval, an authorized department designee shall inspect the proposed permanent isolation facility and report whether the facts stated in the written application are true and accurate.

c. An owner or person in possession or control of a permanently isolated reactor shall notify the department immediately if the reactor escapes from its isolation facility.

d. The Commissioner may revoke permission granted to any person to permanently isolate a reactor if any of the person's approved application terms are violated.


SECTION V. COMPENSATION


A. Expenses for all fees associated with testing an animal for Equine Infectious Anemia shall be the responsibility of the owner.

B. Owners will not be indemnified for any loss caused by destruction or any loss of value of any equine that is found to be positive to official tests for Equine Infectious Anemia.


SECTION VI. MISREPRESENTATION


No person shall misidentify an equine animal in any way including, but not limited to, such acts as:

1. The misrepresentation of the identity of equine animals which have been tested for Equine Infectious Anemia, or

2. The transfer of test results from one equine animal to another, or

3. The falsification of records for purposes of misrepresentation.


SECTION VII. PENALTIES


A. Any person who violates 6 V.S.A Chapter 105, Sections 1416-1418 shall be punished in accordance with the penalties set forth in 6 V.S.A. Section 1419.

B. Any person who violates any provision of these rules shall be punished in accordance with the penalties set forth in 6 V.S.A. Chapter 105, Section 1410.

 

CHAPTER 019. Rules Governing the Importation of Domestic Animals Including Livestock and Poultry

 

SECTION I. DEFINITIONS
1. Accredited Herd means a herd that has passed at least two consecutive annual caudal fold tuberculin tests, with no evidence of bovine tuberculosis. To maintain accredited herd status herd tests are conducted annually at intervals of no less than 10 months nor more than 14 months.

2. Accredited Veterinarian means any veterinarian who is approved by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Livestock Sanitary Official in the state or country of origin to inspect domestic animals and issue Certificates of Veterinary inspection.

3. Amphibian means any animal of the class Amphibia including, but not limited to, caecilians, frogs and salamanders.

4. Anaplasmosis Test means any test utilized in the diagnosis of Anaplasmosis which is designated as official by the USDA.

5. APHIS means the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

6. Approved Laboratories are laboratories which are acceptable to both the state of origin and USDA to utilize certain tests according to protocol.

7. Approved Slaughter Plant means any abattoir at which either state or federal meat inspection is provided.

8. Bison means bovine-like animals of the genus bison also called american bison and buffalo.

9. Blood Test means any test conducted on blood specimens taken from specifically identified domestic animals by persons approved by the commissioner for the purpose of testing for evidence of disease.

10. Brucellosis Blood Test means any official USDA approved serological test conducted on blood specimens taken from specifically identified domestic animals for the purpose of testing for evidence of brucellosis. Negative tests are to be interpreted in accordance with Uniform Methods and Rules of the State/Federal Brucellosis Eradication Program.

11. Brucellosis Certified Herd means a herd has qualified for certification by one or more of the following methods:

a. A minimum of four consecutive negative milk ring tests conducted at not less than 90-day intervals, followed by a negative herd blood test conducted within 90 days after the last negative milk ring test. Milk ring test procedures are not used for herd recertification.

b. At least two consecutive negative blood tests of all test-eligible cattle not less than 10 months nor more than 14 months apart. Recertification requires a negative herd test of all test-eligible cattle conducted within 60 days of each anniversary date.

12. Camelids means any animal of the family camelidae including, but not limited to, alpacas, camels, guanacos, llamas and vicunas.

13. Cattle means any animal of the family Bovidae. For the purpose of this regulation American Bison are included.

14. Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall mean a declarative document issued by an accredited veterinarian of the state or country of origin, certifying all statements and tests required by these regulations concerning the importation of domestic animals.

15. Certified Farm means a facility/premises approved and certified annually by the commissioner to receive imported and native feeder steers, feeder lambs, feeder deer and feeder swine.

16. Coggins Test means the agar gel immune diffusion blood test conducted in a laboratory approved by the United States Department of Agriculture and the Commissioner.

17. Commission Auction or Commission Sale means any establishment where domestic animals are sold at auction on a commission basis.

18. Commissioner means the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food & Markets for the State of Vermont or his designated representative including the State Veterinarian and animal health technicians.

19. Contagious Disease means any disease found in domestic animals which is capable of spreading from one domestic animal to another with or without actual contact including reportable diseases as defined in Title 6, Section 1151(13).

20. Dealer Herd means all livestock owned or managed by a livestock dealer, and assembled for resale or trade and includes all premises under the same management where exchange or interchange of livestock occurs.

21. Department means the Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets.

22. Diversion of Shipment means illegal movement of domestic animals into the state to a destination other than that destination specified on any official document.

23. Document means a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection, Import Permit, or Waybill, as defined in this Section.

24. Domestic Animal or Animal means all domesticated animals including, but not limited to, cattle, equine, goats, poultry, psittacine birds, sheep, swine, dogs, cats, ferrets, camelids, fallow deer, red deer, american bison, amphibians and reptiles. The term does not include those species of amphibians and reptiles native to Vermont.

25. Domestic Fur-Bearing Animals means fur-bearing animals, wild by nature which have been brought into and kept in captivity and the increase of the same so kept upon any farm or ranch for the purpose of propagating the same for the production of fur or breeding stock including but not limited to foxes and mink.

26. Equine means any member of the family equidae including horses, ponies, mules, asses and zebra.

27. Equine Infectious Anemia, also known as swamp fever, is a disease of equine animals which is infectious and may be spread from animal to animal by blood sucking insects, unsterile surgical instruments and community use of equipment that may produce cuts or abrasions.

28. Exhibition means any spectator event in which a domestic animal is exhibited or entered in competition and usually receive awards or prizes.

29. Exotic Animal means any animal not included in the definition of domestic animal that is native to a foreign county but not native to the United States.

30. Fallow Deer means any domesticated deer of the genus Dama, species dama.

31. Feeder Deer means fallow and red deer kept for the sole purpose of feeding prior to slaughter which are no more than 11 months old as evidenced by the absence of permanent incisor teeth.

32. Feeder Lambs means lambs weighing less than 45 pounds kept for the sole purpose of feeding for slaughter.

33. Feeder Steers means neutered male bovine animals kept for the sole purpose of feeding prior to slaughter which are no more than 18 months old as evidenced by the absence of permanent incisor teeth.

34. Feeder Swine means swine, including boars weighing less than 175 pounds, kept for the sole purpose of feeding for slaughter.

35. Feeders means livestock fed a finishing ration prior to shipment to slaughter.

36. Ferrets means only the European ferret Mustela putorious furo.

37. Garbage means putrescrible animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking or consumption of foods which includes animal carcasses or parts derived from the carcasses.

38. Herd of origin means a group of animals under common ownership or supervision in which the animal was born or spent the past 90 days prior to importation. Herd of origin does not include a temporary assembly of animals for sale or shipment.

39. Immediate Slaughter means slaughter of livestock within 7 days from time of entry into the state.

40 Import means any act of transporting domestic animals into Vermont from any state or country. The term import does not apply to domestic animals residing in Vermont that temporarily leave the state for not more than 30 days, return to the premises of origin and have complied with the health requirements of the state of destination.

41. Importer means any person transporting their own domestic animals into the state or any purchaser or consignee to whose premises or to whose custody such domestic animals are first delivered after such entry.

42. Import Permit means a declarative document issued to away person who intends to import domestic animals into the state and which is issued on a prescribed form by the Department.

43. Isolation means in most cases, but is not limited to the premises on which individual domestic animals are held in quarantine for examination or testing.

44. Livestock means all domesticated animals normally considered farm animals which are generally used as food source, including, but not limited to, cattle, equine, goats, sheep, swine, camelids, fallow deer, red deer, and american bison.

45. Livestock Dealer means any person who is licensed and bonded in accordance with 6 V.S.A. Chapter 63, Sections 762 and 764; to buy, sell, lease, or transport livestock, or to operate a livestock auction or sales ring.

46. National Poultry Improvement Plan is a National poultry management, sanitation and monitoring program as described in 9CFR Part 145.

47. Negative Test means a test not interpreted to be indicative of a particular disease under criteria approved by the United States Department of Agriculture.

48. Official Individual Identification means a set of identifying characters approved by the Department uniquely associated with an individual animal.

49. Owner-Shipper Certificate means a form issued by the Department signed by the owner or shipper of the domestic animals containing a statement certifying that the animals are being transported for purposes stipulated on the form in accordance with Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations.

50. Person means any individual, partnership, association, corporation or organization of persons whether incorporated or not, including any municipality, state, or Federal agency, or subdivision of any state.

51. Post-entry Retest and Examination shall mean the retesting and examining of imported domestic animals as deemed necessary by the commissioner.

52. Poultry means all domesticated birds of all ages which may be used as human food, or which produce eggs that may be used as human food excluding those birds protected by 10 V.S.A. Part 4. Poultry includes, but is not limited to, meat and egg chickens, exhibition (fancy) chickens, turkeys, domestic ducks, geese, pheasants and quail.

53. Premises of Destination means the first premises within the state on which imported domestic animals are confined. Exceptions exist for cattle and bison under the brucellosis requirement.

54. Premises of Origin means place of birth or last housing for at least 90 days prior to importation. Premises of origin does not include the location of a temporary assembly of animals for sale or shipment.

55. Psittacine Birds means all pet birds commonly sold in pet shops for household pets that are susceptible to psittacosis including but not limited to Psittaciformes (parrots, parrotlets, parakeets, budgerigars, macaws, cockatoos, cockatiels, lories, lorikeets, lovebirds) Passeriformes (tits, finches including java sparrow, canaries, mynahs) and Columbiformes (doves, pigeons).

56. Raw Garbage means garbage that has not been boiled for a minimum of 30 minutes as required in preparation as livestock feed under 6 V.S.A., Chapter 113, Section 1674.

57. Red Deer means domesticated deer of the family cervidae, subfamily cervinae, genus cervus species eladhus, including elk.

58. Reptile means any animal of the class Reptilia, including, but not limited to, alligators, lizards, snakes and turtles.

59. Shipping Copy means that portion of a Certificate of Veterinary inspection, waybill, or other document accompanying domestic animals in transit.

60. Slaughter Livestock means any livestock originating in any state or country specifically designated to a licensed slaughter establishment for immediate slaughter.

61. Swine means any animal of the species Sus scrofa, commonly referred to as pigs or hogs, including pot-belly pigs.

62. Test Eligible means any animal that has attained the specified age to require testing as detailed in the body of this animal importation regulation.

63. USDA means the United States Department of Agriculture.

64. Waybill means a signed statement by an individual who transports or causes livestock to be brought into the state identifying the livestock and indicating that they are for immediate slaughter.

65. Wild Animal means any animal not included in the definition of domestic animal which is now or has historically been found in the wild within the boundaries of the United States.


SECTION II GENTERL INFORMATION

A. General Requirements

1. No person shall import, or cause to be imported, into the state any domestic animal unless the domestic animal is accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and an import permit, or a waybill as these regulations require.

2. No person shall import, or cause to be imported, into the state any domestic animal which is under any state or federal quarantine due to the presence of suspected presence of a contagious disease.

3. No person shall import or cause to be imported into the state any domestic animal that is affected with, or has been exposed to, any contagious disease including, but not limited to, tuberculosis, brucellosis, anaplasmosis, psoroptic scabies, hog cholera, pseudorabies, rabies, equine infectious anemia, pullorum-typhoid, chlamydiosis (psittacosis) or scrapie.

4. In order to prevent the spread of contagious diseases, any domestic animals brought into the state without having been first tested and inspected as required by these rules may be returned to the state of origin within 48 hours of a determination by the commissioner that the domestic animals have been illegally imported. While in the state, the illegally imported domestic animal shall be strictly quarantined. In the event that the domestic animals cannot be returned to the state of origin, the animals shall be slaughtered or euthanized within 72 hours of a determination by the commissioner that the animal have been illegally imported. The owner of the domestic animals shall bear the full expense of their destruction or removal from the state, and shall not be entitled to any compensation from the state.

5. All cattle and certain other domestic animals, as determined by the commissioner, imported into this state except for exhibition or immediate slaughter shall be held in quarantine until released by the commissioner.


Amended in 1997.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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