University of Vermont AAHS

Tennessee Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations

 

TENNESSEE RULES AND REGULATIONS
0080. TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
0080-2. DIVISION OF ANIMAL INDUSTRIES
CHAPTER 0080-2-1. HEALTH REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION AND TRANSPORTATION OF
LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY


0080-2-1-.01. DEFINITIONS.
(1) For the purpose of these rules, the following definitions shall apply unless otherwise indicated herein.

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(mm) Approved Equine Auction Market - An equine market whose owner or manager has entered into a written agreement with the Tennessee State Veterinarian to:
1. Conduct regularly scheduled auction sales of horses or other equidae, stating time and frequency of such sales;
2. Cooperate in obtaining compliance with all state and federal animal health requirements;
3. Provide proper and well constructed pens equipped with adequate watering and feeding facilities for the safe and humane handling of the animals;
4. Maintain strict insect control;
5. Require that all horses and other equidae six (6) months of age and older originating outside the state have:
(i) Official evidence of a negative test for Equine Infectious Anemia upon entry into the market premises; or
(ii) Be sampled for Equine Infectious Anemia testing prior to leaving the market premises; or
(iii) Be marked by a letter "T" three (3) inches by three (3) inches in red oil base paint on the top of the hip and consigned to slaughter; and
6. Maintain and make available to state and/or federal personnel the following records:
(i) A legible record of names and addresses and telephone numbers of buyers and sellers of all equidae handled through the market:
(ii) A legible record of the age, sex, breed, and physical description of the equidae handled through the market.



0080-2-1-.06. HORSES AND OTHER EQUIDAE.
(1) HEALTH CERTIFICATE - Horses, mules or other equidae transported into or through the State of Tennessee shall be accompanied by an official Health Certificate.

(2) EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA - All horses or other equidae six (6) months of age or older shall be accompanied by evidence of a negative official test for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA, Swamp Fever) conducted not more than six (6) months prior to entry for sale, or not more than twelve (12) months prior to entry for any other purpose.

(3) THE EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA TEST required under (2) above may be waived for equidae shipped to an approved equine auction market provided that:
(a) All imported equidae more than six (6) months of age are marked on the top of the hip with the letter "T" at least three (3) inches by three (3) inches in size, in red oil base paint, and the same are:
1. Consigned to a state or federally approved slaughter establishment, or
2. Have a blood sample taken by an approved accredited veterinarian for an Equine Infectious Anemia test before leaving the market or assembly premises.

(4) THE HEALTH CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENT under (1) may be waived for equines shipped to an approved equine market or slaughter establishment provided they are accompanied by a "transportation document"

CHAPTER 0080-2-3. RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING MOVEMENT AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK AT FAIRS AND EXHIBITIONS


0080-2-3-.05. IMPORTED LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY.
(1) Livestock and Poultry entering fairs and exhibitions from areas outside the State of Tennessee shall be subject to current Tennessee import requirements. These interstate requirements may be summarized as follows:
(a) All species - official veterinary health certificate.
(b) Cattle - negative thirty (30) day brucellosis test, or from a Certified Brucellosis-Free herd, or from a Brucellosis-Free State.
(c) No tuberculosis test required.
(d) Swine - negative thirty (30) day pseudorabies test and negative thirty (30) day brucellosis test; or, originate from a Qualified Negative Pseudorabies and a Validated Brucellosis-Free Herd; or, originate from a Brucellosis and Pseudorabies-Free State.
(e) Horses and other equines - negative Equine Infectious Anemia test within preceding twelve (12) months.
(f) Poultry - originate directly from a Pullorum-Typhoid clean flock, or be accompanied by evidence of a negative Pullorum-Typhoid test given within proceeding ninety (90) days.


CHAPTER 0080-2-10. REGULATIONS CONCERNING HORSES AND OTHER EQUIDAE

0080-2-10-.01. TEST OF PUBLIC SALE HORSES.
(1) When the number of equidae in any county or area positive to official test for Equine Infectious Anemia exceeds 3% of the number tested and the incidence of the disease is determined by the State Veterinarian to be a threat to other equidae he may order every horse or other member of the equidae family six (6) months of age or older which is sold or offered for sale through a Tennessee livestock market, public horse auction, or other event where equidae are offered for sale, to be tested for Equine Infectious Anemia by the Tennessee Department of Agriculture. Animals testing positive shall be subject to all appropriate regulations regarding the handling of such animals.

(2) The owner or manager of each sale shall be responsible for maintaining sufficient documentation so that animals tested positive can be traced to their destination.

(3) Horses or other equidae which are sold for slaughter only shall be exempt from the Equine Infectious Anemia test. Such horses or other equidae shall be separated at the sale and marked for slaughter only by a letter "T" three (3) inches by three (3) inches in size in red oil base paint, placed vertically on the top of the hip.


0080-2-10-.02. TEST OF STABLED HORSES.
(1) Every horse or other member of the equidae family six (6) months of age or older, assembled by more than one owner at boarding, breeding or training stables or pastures shall have tested negative for Equine Infectious Anemia within the preceding twelve (12) months.

(2) The owner or manager of said premises shall be responsible for maintaining proof of an official negative test for each animal on the premises and shall make these records available for inspection by all officers or inspectors charged with the enforcement of this section.

(3) Positive or untested horses may be stabled at approved quarantined premises upon written permit by the State Veterinarian provided the conditions of the quarantine are met and maintained.



0080-2-10-.03. TESTING OF OTHER ASSEMBLED HORSES.
(1) Every horse or other member of the equidae family six (6) months of age or older, which participates in any horse show, competition or other assembly, except public horse auctions or other event where equidae are offered for sale, shall be required to be accompanied by proof of an official negative test for Equine Infectious Anemia conducted within the preceding twelve (12) months.

(2) The manager of each assembly or event shall be responsible for ensuring that each animal which he enters, permits or has control of is accompanied by proof of an official negative test and shall not allow animals not so certified to participate in the event, or to congregate with other equidae. The owner of each animal shall also be responsible for meeting these
requirements.


0080-2-10-.04. OTHER REQUIRED TESTING.
(1) When a horse or other member of the equidae family tests positive to an official test for Equine Infectious Anemia, testing will be required of:
(a) All equidae located on the premises where the positive animal is stabled or pastured.
(b) All equidae located adjacent to the infected premises or within two hundred (200) yards.
(c) All equidae exposed to the infected animal within the previous six (6) months in the manner described in Items 1 and 2.

(2) This testing shall be conducted within thirty (30) days from the time the infected animal has been diagnosed as positive for Equine Infectious Anemia.

(3) The owner, or his agent, of any animal found positive to an official test or exposed to a positive animal, shall present the animal(s) and render such assistance as may be required to enable the State Veterinarian, or his representative, to apply the required test or to identify the animal(s).

CHAPTER 0080-2-11. REGULATIONS FOR HANDLING POSITIVE EQUINE INFECTIOUS
ANEMIA HORSES AND OTHER EQUIDAE

0080-2-11-.01. GENERAL.
(1) Horses or other equines found positive to official agar gel immunodiffusion test for equine infectious anemia (EIA-AGID) shall be subjected to a confirmatory retest by a regulatory veterinarian.

(2) Animal positive on confirmatory test may be:
(a) Euthanized by owner or his private veterinarian within sixty (60) days with certification of euthanasia by an accredited veterinarian or regulatory veterinarian or inspector; or
(b) Freeze-branded on the left side of the neck with the character 63A and the official reactor number of the animal. This branding shall be carried out by a regulatory veterinarian or inspector.

(3) When a previously positive animal is found negative to official confirmatory test, all equines associated with that animal on the premises (farm, pasture or stable) shall be officially tested by a regulatory veterinarian.

(4) Officially branded reactor horses shall be put under written quarantine until destroyed or dead of natural causes. If no other horses are located within 200 yards without common shade, pasture quarantine will suffice. If there are other horses sharing the stable or farm, a screened stall shall be required.

(5) Foals nursing reactor mares shall be considered quarantined with their dams. Weaned foals may be released if negative to EIA-AGID test after a 90- day period of isolation from their dam and other equines.

(6) Movement of quarantined animals shall be made only on written permit by the Tennessee State Veterinarian or his representative.



0080-7. DIVISION OF FORESTRY
CHAPTER 0080-7-1. PROTECTION OF STATE FORESTS


0080-7-1-.06. TRANSPORTATION: SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS AND OFF-ROAD VEHICLES
(1) The District Forester may designate areas for use by certain types of transportation. Unauthorized off road travel by any means of transportation is prohibited.

(2) Riders of saddle and pack animals are;
(a) Permitted only on those trails or routes designated for their use, unless the District Forester has issued a permit authorizing cross-county travel;
(b) Not permitted on paved or main-traveled roadways except where necessary for ingress to and egress from trails or privately owned property;
(c) Required to have, in their possession, evidence of a negative test for Equine Infectious Anemia.

(3) Riders of motorcycles, trail bikes, all-terrain vehicles, bicycles and
other off-road vehicles:
(a) May use only the unpaved roadways maintained by the Forestry Divis ion and not the public roadways unless they and their vehicle are licensed for the public roadways;
(b) Must have all equipment in good working order with properly functioning mufflers and spark arresters;

(4) The District Forester may designate certain areas for the use of off-road vehicles. These areas will be posted for such use and may be used only during daylight hours. Use of off-road vehicles in any area of a State Forest except on unpaved roadway maintained by the Forestry Division or in areas posted for use by off-road vehicles is strictly prohibited.


Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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