University of Vermont AAHS

South Dakota Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations

 


ADMINISTRATIVE RULES OF SOUTH DAKOTA
TITLE 12 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
ARTICLE 12:68 DISEASE CONTROL AND MEAT INSPECTION
CHAPTER 12:68:16 IMPORTATION OF EQUINE

12:68:16:01. Definitions.
Words used in this chapter mean:

(1) "Approved laboratory," any laboratory named in "Laboratories Approved for Official Testing," February 6, 1990;

(2) "Coggins test," the agar gel immunodiffusion test for equine infectious anemia that has been approved by the USDA;

(3) "EIA," equine infectious anemia (swamp fever), a virus disease of horses and other members of the equine species;

(4) "Horse," all members of the equine species, including horses, mules, asses, ponies, donkeys, burros, and zebras;

(5) "Officially identified," a permanent identification using the national
uniform tag code number of the state in which the reactor was tested followed by the letter "A", applied with a hot iron, chemical brand, freeze marking, or a lip tattoo in accordance with 9 C.F.R. 75.4(a) (January 1, 1991);

(6) "Reactor," any horse over nine months old which discloses a positive reaction to the Coggins test.


12:68:16:02. Health certificates.
All horses imported into South Dakota must be accompanied by a health certificate issued by an accredited veterinarian within the 30 days prior to the date of importation, except:

(1) Reactors that are officially identified and accompanied by a shipping permit issued at the point of origin by a state or federal veterinarian or an accredited veterinarian consigned to a federally inspected slaughtering establishment operating under the provisions of 19 U.S.C. 1306 and 21 U.S.C. 601 to 623, inclusive; 641 to 645, inclusive; 661, 671 to 680, inclusive; and 691 as in effect on January 1, 1991; and

(2) Reactors that are officially identified and accompanied by a shipping permit issued at the point of origin by a state or federal veterinarian or an accredited veterinarian consigned to a state inspected slaughtering establishment operating under the provisions of SDR 39-5-32, 39-5-33 and 39-5- 36.


12:68:16:03. Examination and identification.
The health certificate must certify that the horses have been examined by an accredited veterinarian within the 30 days prior to importation and must include an accurate and complete description of each horse in the shipment, including its age, sex, color, and marking. Registered horses may be identified by registration name and number.


12:68:16:04. Negative test required.
The health certificate must certify that all horses in this shipment were negative to a test for EIA conducted at an approved laboratory within the 12 months prior to the date of importation. The test date and the name of the laboratory must be recorded on the health certificate.


12:68:16:05. Exemption from test.
A test is not required for horses or suckling foals accompanying a negative dam. The board may develop reciprocity agreements with neighboring states for waiver of EIA test requirements.


12:68:16:06. Provisions to test on arrival.
Horses may be imported into South Dakota for sale or resale without having been tested for EIA. If testing prior to importation creates an undue hardship, the board may grant permission to test on arrival those animals which have been imported without having been tested for EIA.


12:68:16:07. Restricted movements.
All reactors, regardless of state of origin, must be officially identified and quarantined and may not be moved in intrastate commerce unless they are consigned directly to a slaughter establishment or returned to the state of origin under a permit issued by the state of origin. A horse imported without the required test must be quarantined for an immediate test at the owner's expense.


Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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