University of Vermont AAHS

Rhode Island Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations

 

CODE OF RHODE ISLAND RULES
12. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
020. AGRICULTURE AND MARKETING DIVISION
035. RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS
12 020 035. Rules and Regulations Governing the Importation of Animals

 

RULE 1.00 PURPOSE

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to:

Permit the importation into Rhode Island of only those animals which are disease free or which originate from herds or flocks that have qualified as disease free according to State or Federal Standards.

RULE 2.00 AUTHORITY

These rules and regulations are promulgated pursuant to Chapter 42-17.1,

Environmental Management, and Chapter 4-4-23 in accordance with 42-35, Administrative Procedures, of the Rhode Island General Laws of 1956, as amended.

RULE 3.00 ADMINISTRATIVE FINDINGS

Animals harboring infectious diseases present a health treat to both the livestock, native wildlife and human populations of Rhode Island. Many infectious, contagious diseases of animals are not readily detected through physical examination and anamnesis, but require the application of approved laboratory personnel. Therefore, only animals which have been tested negative or originate from qualified negative herds or flocks of origin may be allowed entry into Rhode Island. It is necessary that any animal testing positive to such procedures may be denied entrance into Rhode Island.

RULE 4.00 APPLICATION

The terms and provisions of these rules and regulations shall be liberally construed to permit the Department to effectuate the purpose of state law, goals, and policies.

These Regulations shall apply to any person importing animals into the State of Rhode Island.

RULE 5.00 DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of these regulations, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(A) "Accredited Veterinarian" shall mean a veterinarian approved by the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), to perform functions required by animal disease control and eradication programs.

(B) "Approved Feeder Pig Market" shall mean as defined in the most current USDA APHIS State-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

(C) "Approved Slaughter Market" shall mean as defined in the most current USDA APHIS state-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

(D) "Breeding Swine" shall mean any sexually mature swine.

(E) "Camelids" shall mean those ruminant animals used as beasts of burden or source of wool, milk, or meat, including, but not limited to camels, llamas, and alpacas.

(F) "Cervidae" shall mean those members of the family of animals including but not limited to deer, elk, moose, caribou, reindeer and the sub-family musk deer.

(G) "Equidae" shall mean those members of the family of animals including but not limited to horses, mules and burros.

(H) "Feeder Pigs" shall mean any pig weighing twenty (20) pounds to one

hundred (100) pounds inclusive.

(I) "Feeder Pig Monitored Herd" shall mean as defined in the most current USDA APHIS State-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

(J) "Finish Swine" shall mean any pig weighing one hundred (100) to two hundred (200) pounds.

(K) "Game Birds" shall mean any bird hunted for food or sport, including but not limited to pheasant, grouse, quail, and chukars.

(L) "Qualified Pseudorabies Negative Herd" shall mean as defined in the most current USDA APHIS State-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

(M) "Ratites" shall mean those fowl with a flat breast bone and small or nonexistent wings, including but not limited to ostriches, emu, rheas, and kiwi.

(N) "Person/Importer" shall mean any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation or company including but not limited to educational and research institutions, zoological gardens, schools, pet stores and laboratories.

(O) "Poultry" shall mean any fowl raised for eggs, flesh, or ornamental purposes including but not limited to chickens, turkeys, ducks or geese.

(P) "Recognized Slaughter Establishment" shall mean as defined in the most current USDA APHIS State-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

(Q) "Slaughter Swine" shall mean any pig over two hundred (200) pounds not being used for breeding.

(R) "Stage I, II, III, IV, V" shall mean as delineated in the most current USDA APHIS State-Federal-Industry Program Standards for Pseudorabies.

RULE 6.00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

6.01 No person shall import, or cause to be imported into the state any domestic animal, including but not limited to goats, cattle, swine, sheep, equine as well as camelids, poultry, ratites and farmed cervidae, unless such animal is accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and an Import Permit, or a waybill as these regulations require.

6.02 No person shall import, or cause to be imported into the state any animal(s)/bird(s) which is under any state or federal quarantine due to the presence or suspected presence of a contagious disease without the specific and written approval of the State Veterinarian.

6.03 No person shall import or cause to be imported into the state any animal(s)/bird(s) that is affected with, or has been exposed to any contagious disease including, but not limited to: tuberculosis, brucellosis, anaplasmosis, psoroptic scabies, hog cholera, pseudorabies, rabies, equine infectious anemia, salmonella pullorum, salmonella enteritidis, psittacoses or scrapie.

RULE 7.00 CERTIFICATE OF VETERINARY INSPECTION

7.01 No person shall import, or cause to be imported any domestic animal, camelid, cervidae, ratite, poultry or waterfowl as specified in Section 7.00, unless each animal is accompanied by an Official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection issued within thirty (30) days of import and signed by a veterinarian licensed and accredited in the state of origin. One copy of such Certificate must be approved and signed by the official having jurisdiction over the disease of animals in the state of origin and forwarded to the Rhode Island State Veterinarian.

7.02 THE CERTIFICATE OF VETERINARY INSPECTION SHALL:

a) Be on official forms of the state of origin.

b) State that the animal(s)/bird(s) have been inspected and found free of signs of contagious infectious, or communicable disease.

c) Contain the date of the veterinary inspection as well as the dates and results of all required tests.

d) Describe the animal(s)/bird(s) by species, breed, age and sex, and individually identify such animal(s)/bird(s) as required by eartag, registration number or official tattoo number, leg band, microchip, or ear notch.

e) Contain the data for all required tests and vaccinations including date, results, and the name and address of the laboratory which performed the required tests. All tests reported for import purposes must be USDA officially recognized tests approved by the Rhode Island State Veterinarian and conducted at a State/Federal approved laboratory.

f) Have complete name and address of the consignor and consignee.

g) Contain the signature of the inspecting veterinarian as well as that of the official having jurisdiction over the disease of animals in the state of origin.

h) Contain a livestock import/poultry permit number where such permit is required for importation.

7.03 Certificates of Veterinary Inspection may be disapproved by the Rhode Island State Veterinarian which do not contain all the necessary statements and test information requested for importation of the animal(s)/bird(s) identified on the certificates. Such animals may be considered illegal imports.

7.04 Certificate of Veterinary Inspection is not required for animals shipped for immediate (within seven (7) days) slaughter to Federal/State inspected slaughtering establishments.

7.05 Livestock entering the State consigned to the above described slaughtering establishments shall be accompanied by a waybill or similar document delivered to the consignee at the destination and listing the following:

a) Name and address of the consignor or agent.

b) Purpose of the movement.

c) Number and species of animals in the consignment.

d) Point of origin.

e) Name and address and signature of the owner or shipper.

f) Date of preparation of waybill.

g) A statement that the animals are being brought into this state for immediate slaughter.

h) A waybill shall be void eight (8) days after date of preparation thereof.

15.00 EQUIDAE

15.01 Certificate of Veterinary Inspection required except where noted under General Requirements.

15.02 EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA (EIA)

All EQUIDAE imported must be accompanied by evidence of an official negative serologic test for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) within 12 months prior to importation.

EXCEPTION: No test required for foals under six (6) months of age when accompanied by their dam which has met the EIA test requirements.

EXCEPTION: The State Veterinarian may, at his/her discretion, allow into Rhode Island an equid of unknown EIA status. The individual identification of any animal so admitted must be recorded, and the location of the quarantine facility approved in advance by the State Veterinarian. The equid of unknown EIA status must remain at the approved quarantine facility under the quarantine conditions set by the State Veterinarian until such time as the animal goes directly to slaughter or tests negative for EIA.

The EIA test information must be recorded on the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and must include the following: the date and result of the test, the name of the testing laboratory, and the laboratory accession number.

 

15.03 RABIES

All age eligible equidae imported into Rhode Island for exhibition or show purposes must be accompanied by proof of rabies vaccination not more than one (1) year nor less than thirty (30) days prior to entry into Rhode Island. The rabies vaccination must be administered by a veterinarian licensed in the state of origin.

16.00 VIOLATIONS

The Director of Environmental Management may make all necessary regulations for the prevention, treatment, cure and extirpation of such disease; and every person who shall fail to comply with any regulation so made shall be fined not exceeding three hundred dollars ($300) or be imprisoned not exceeding one (1) year.

17.00 SEVERABILITY

If any provision of these Rules and Regulations, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the validity of the remainder of the Rules and Regulations shall be affected.

 

AGENCY 14. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
SUB-AGENCY 030. ANIMAL AND DAIRY DIVISION

 14 030 004 Reporting, Quarantine, and Destruction of Animals with Contagious and Injurious Diseases
These rules and regulations are promulgated pursuant to the authority conferred under section 4-4-3 and 4-6-7 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended, and are established for the purpose of identifying reportable contagious and injurious diseases and setting provisions for the quarantine and destruction of affected animals to control communicable diseases in animals and to safeguard public health.

Table of Contents

Section R4-4-RQDA

1.0 Definitions

2.0 Responsibility For Reporting

3.0 Reportable Diseases

4.0 Quarantine and Destruction

5.0 Violations

6.0 Rules Governing Practice and Procedures

7.0 Severability


SECTION 1.0 DEFINITIONS

Wherever used in these rules and regulations the following terms shall be construed as follows:

1.1 "Quarantine" shall refer to the types of quarantine as defined by the American Public Health Association, namely: (1) complete quarantine; (2) modified quarantine; (3) personal surveillance; and (4) segregation.

1.2 "Destruction" shall mean killing and disposition of animals in a manner not detrimental to the public health.

1.3 "Director of Health" shall mean the Director of the Rhode Island Department of Health.


SECTION 2.0 RESPONSIBILITY FOR REPORTING

2.1 Any person who is the owner of an animal known to have or suspected to have a disease determined to be contagious or injurious to public health as listed in section 3.0 herein, or any veterinarian attending a case or suspected case, or any other person, institution or laboratory having knowledge of the occurrence of such contagious disease, shall notify the Rhode Island Department of Health within twenty-four (24) hours from the time of diagnosis or suspected disease.

2.1.1 Reports shall be made in writing, identifying: (1) the occurrence of the specific disease or suspected disease and the affected animal(s); (2) the location of the lodging of affected animal(s); (3) the name and address of owner, if any; (4) the signature of person reporting; and (5) any other information as may be relevant to the case.

2.2 The Director of Health or his duly authorized representatives having reason to suspect the existence of any of the diseases listed in section 3.0 herein, is authorized and empowered to enter upon such grounds and premises to cause such inspections or investigations as may be deemed necessary, in accordance with sections 23-1-19 and 4-4-5 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended.


SECTION 3.0 REPORTABLE DISEASES

3.1 Pursuant to the provisions of Chapters 4-4, 4-5 and 4-6 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended, the occurrence or suspected occurrence of any of the following contagious diseases shall be reportable to the Rhode Island Department of Health and in accordance with the provisions of section 2.0 herein.

* * *

Eastern Encephalitis_______Horse

Equine Infectious Anemia___Horse

Ringworm______________Cattle, horse

Venezuelan Encephalitis____Horse

Vesicular stomatitis_______Cattle, horse

* * *


SECTION 4.0 QUARANTINE AND DESTRUCTION

4.1 Whenever any one of the diseases listed in section 3.0 herein is suspected or has been diagnoses by a licensed veterinarian, veterinarian employed by the United States Department of Agriculture, or a licensed laboratory, the animal, herd or flock shall be immediately quarantined.

4.1.1 The type of quarantine to be imposed shall be determined by the Director of Health or his duly authorized representative on the basis of the conditions and circumstances of each individual case.

4.2 The destruction of animals may be caused by the Director of Health in accordance with the provisions of Chapters 4-4, 4-5 and 4-6 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended and the regulatory provisions herein, if the Director of Health finds an animal(s) to have a contagious disease as listed in section 3.0 herein, and determines it to be incurable and/or injurious to public health or to the health of other animals.


SECTION 5.0 VIOLATIONS

5.1 Any violation pursuant to the provisions of Chapters 4-4, 4-5 and 4-6 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended, and the rules and regulations herein, may be cause for imposing penalties in accordance with the provisions of the aforementioned statutes.


SECTION 6.0 RULES GOVERNING PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES

6.1 All hearings and reviews required under the provisions of Chapter 5-44 of the General Laws of Rhode Island, 1956, as amended, shall be held in accordance with the provisions of the rules and regulations promulgated by the Rhode Island Department of Health, entitled, "Rules and Regulations Governing the Practices and Procedures Before the Rhode Island Department of Health (R42-35-PP).


SECTION 7.0 SEVERABILITY

7.1 If any provision of these rules and regulations or the application thereof to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or application of the rules and regulations which can be given effect, and to this end the provisions of the rules and regulations are declared to be severable.


Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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