University of Vermont AAHS

New Jersey Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations


NEW JERSEY ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
TITLE 2. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
CHAPTER 2. DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM
SUBCHAPTER 1. REPORTABLE DISEASES

 

2:2-1.1 Enumeration of diseases dangerous to animal health
(a) The following diseases are designated as a particular and dangerous menace to animal health of the State:

1. Livestock:

i. Anaplasmosis;

ii. Anthrax;

iii. Cattle tick fever;

iv. Contagious equine metritis;

v. Equine viral encephalitis;

vi. Equine infectious anemia;

vii. Mucosal disease complex;

viii. Paratuberculosis;

ix. Pseudorabies;

x. Rabies;

xi. Swine erysipelas;

xii. Tuberculosis;

xiii. Vesicular exanthema;

xiv. Vesicular stomatitis;

xv. All foreign diseases that pose a threat to the health of livestock in the State as designated by USDA APHIS Title 9 CFR or USDA APHIS emergency declarations.

2. Poultry:

i. Avian influenza;

ii. Fowl typhoid;

iii. Paracolon infestation;

iv. Paratyphoid infection;

v. Psittacosis or ornithosis;

vi. Pullorum;

vii. Erysipelas in poultry;

viii. All foreign animal diseases.


CHAPTER 3. LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY IMPORTATION
SUBCHAPTER 2. LIVESTOCK FOR BREEDING AND HERD REPLACEMENTS
SUBCHAPTER 1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


2:3-1.1 Interstate health certificate to accompany animals entering State
All livestock and poultry moved into New Jersey, except for immediate slaughter, shall be accompanied by an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection approved by the livestock disease control agency of the state or county of origin. A Poultry Inspection Certificate or a Certification by the appropriate state animal health official or its agent, in conformance with N.J.A.C. 2:9-1.3, may be used for poultry being transported directly to live bird markets in lieu of the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection. A National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) Form 9-2 may be used for poultry transported to premises other than live poultry markets in lieu of the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection.

2:3-1.2 Contents of Certificate of Veterinary Inspection
(a) The official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall indicate that the livestock or poultry designated thereon comply with all requirements for entry into New Jersey.

(b) The official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall include a legible report of the following:
1. Complete name and address of consignor;
2. Origin of the livestock;
3. Complete name and address of consignee;
4. Destination of the livestock;
5. Description of the livestock which shall include species, breed, sex, and
age of the animals. Cattle, sheep, goats and swine also shall be identified by ear tag, tattoo or registration name and number. Horses shall be identified by physical description and/or tattoo brand, or microchip;
6. A statement that the examining veterinarian personally inspected the animals described and found them free from visible symptoms of infectious, contagious, or communicable disease or known exposure thereto within 30 days of shipment; and
7. Additional information as required for each specific class of livestock or poultry.


2:3-1.3 Copy of Certificate of Veterinary Inspection to New Jersey Department of Agriculture
A copy of the official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall be mailed promptly by the approving agency to the New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health, PO Box 330, Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0330.



2:3-1.4 Expiration date of Certificates of Veterinary Inspection
Official Certificates of Veterinary Inspection shall be void 30 days after issuance.


2:3-1.5 Quarantine of livestock and poultry entering State
All livestock and poultry entering the State are subject to quarantine by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture.


SUBCHAPTER 5. EQUINE IMPORTATION



2:3-5.1 Compliance with subchapter and importation requirements
In addition to the general requirements for importation, N.J.A.C. 2:3-1.1 through 1.4, all equidae moved into New Jersey shall meet the specific requirements of this subchapter.

 

2:3-5.2 Coggins test
All imported equidae shall have had a negative Coggins test for equine infectious anemia conducted at a jointly approved United States Department of Agriculture--State laboratory within the past 12 months. Equidae younger than six months and accompanied by a dam that has a negative Coggins test within the past 12 months are exempt from this testing requirement.

CHAPTER 5. QUARANTINES AND EMBARGOES ON ANIMALS
SUBCHAPTER 2. EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA


2:5-2.1 Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this subchapter, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

"Equine infectious anemia (EIA)" means an infectious and contagious disease of equidae caused by a transmissible virus, known colloquially as swamp fever.

"Infected animal" means an animal which has been examined by two or more official tests and is positive to both.

"Official test" means the equine infectious anemia agar gel immuno-diffusion procedure recognized and controlled by the United States Department of Agriculture as conducted by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture's Division of Animal Health Laboratory.

"Official test requirements" means blood samples taken by accredited veterinarians, tested by the Department of Agriculture Laboratory.

"Slaughter buyers" means one who purchases horses for the express purpose of slaughter for human consumption.


2:5-2.2 Quarantining and branding of infected equine infectious anemia horses

(a) When the disease of equines known as equine infectious anemia exists or is suspected to exist in any horse or stable of horses, the Department may cause to be administered the test most appropriate to ascertain the presence or absence of EIA, swamp fever.

(b) All horses having a positive equine infectious anemia test will be quarantined to the premise. Authorized veterinary agents of the Department will properly identify the positive horses and rebleed them to make sure the proper horse has been quarantined.

(c) The owner or custodian shall confine, present, control and restrain such animal(s) for examination tests and identification as necessary.

(d) Animal(s) during the testing period shall be confined and not moved from the premises. Identification marks or devices affixed for the purpose of the test shall not be altered or defaced.

(e) Animals found to be infected with EIA must be permanently identified by a method prescribed by the Department. Infected animals may be humanely destroyed, or moved on a permit issued by an authorized agent under the direction of the Director of Animal Health. Permits will be issued to move animals to slaughter plants, research facilities and to a new location provided the location meets the requirements of the Department.

(f) Positive animals that are not to be destroyed shall be quarantined to the premise and must be kept separate and apart from all other horses on the premise in tightly screened quarters and be supplied with separate equipment.

(g) As EIA is an infectious disease of equines for which there is no known cure, official positive animals shall be permanently identified by being freeze branded with an identification number on the left side of the neck in a humane manner by an authorized agent. The identification number shall be preceded by the coding number 22A.

(h) The Department will not be liable for any loss of value of the branded horse or for any indemnity for a horse that is voluntarily destroyed.


2:5-2.3 Importation for immediate slaughter

The provisions of the foregoing sections of this subtitle notwithstanding, any horse or other equidae may be imported for immediate slaughter, and only for such purpose, without a health certificate or negative test for equine infectious anemia by making application to the Division of Animal Health, New Jersey Department of Agriculture and by complying with the provisions set forth in an application agreement required by the Division of Animal Health prior to importation.


2:5-2.4 Test requirements for transport

(a) No horse or other equidae six months or more of age, unless exempted by the provisions of N.J.A.C. 2:5-2.5 or 2.6 shall be transported on any public highway with the state unless the custodian of such animal has in his or her possession during the period of such movement a report of a negative agar gel immunodiffusion test for equine infectious anemia for such animal taken within the past 24 months.

1. Said test shall have been conducted by a laboratory approved for the purpose by the United States Department of Agriculture and by the New Jersey State Department of Agriculture.

2. Said test shall have been conducted during the 24 months prior to transportation.

3. Said test report shall include the following.

i. A complete description of the animal including name, registration number if any, breed, brand, tattoo if any, sex, age and color;

ii. The name and address of the owner;

iii. The date the test was conducted; and

iv. The name and address of the laboratory that conducted the test.

4. Said test reports shall be signed by a duly licensed accredited veterinarian and also must be either:

i. Embossed by the laboratory where the test was conducted; or

ii. Signed or otherwise endorsed by the Chief Livestock Health Officer of the state or country of origin of the said animal.


2:5-2.5 Test requirements for sale or other change of ownership

(a) No horse or other equidae six months or more of age, unless exempted by provisions of this section or N.J.A.C. 2:5-2.6 shall be sold, exchanged, bartered or given away unless such animal has been subjected to an agar gel immunodiffusion test for equine infectious anemia and reacted negatively within 90 days prior to such transfer to ownership.

1. Said test shall have been conducted by a laboratory approved for the purpose by the United States Department of Agriculture and by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture.

2. At the time of such transfer of ownership, the transferor shall deliver personally or by certified mail to the transferee, a copy of the report of such negative test. The negative test report shall include:

i. A complete description of the animal including name, registration number if any, breed, brand, tattoo if any, sex, age and color;

ii. The name and address of the owner;

iii. The date the test was conducted; and

iv. The name and address of the laboratory that conducted the test.

3. Said test reports shall be signed by a duly licensed-accredited veterinarian and also must be either:

i. Embossed by the laboratory where the test was conducted; or

ii. Signed by the Chief Livestock Health Officer of the state or country of origin of the said animal.


2:5-2.6 Other authorized movement or transfer

(a) The provisions of N.J.A.C. 2:5-2.4 and 2.5 shall not apply to any horse or other equidae which is imported, sold, exchanged, bartered, given away or transported under permit from the Director of the Division of Animal Health, New Jersey Department of Agriculture for purposes of immediate slaughter, research, return to the state, country or farm of its origin, or other authorized purpose provided written authorization for such movement or transfer is obtained in advance thereof from the Director.

1. In the case of importation or transport, such authorization must be in the possession of the custodian of the animal at all times during such movement.

2. In the case of change of ownership or transport for the purpose of immediate slaughter, the aforesaid permit may be issued by an accredited veterinarian or an employee of the Department of Agriculture authorized in writing by the Director.

3. Horses imported or purchased for slaughter may be purchased only by a registered slaughter buyer. Persons may become registered by application to the Director of the Division of Animal Health on forms available from him or her. Registered slaughter buyers shall maintain and make available to the Division a record of sales including dates, identification of animal and destination. Failure to maintain such records will be cause for removing the registered designation.

(b) The provisions of N.J.A.C. 2:5-2.5 shall not apply to any horse claimed in any claiming race conducted by any race track licensed by the New Jersey State Racing Commission and such horse need not be retested for equine infectious anemia provided such horse and all other horses admitted to said track had been tested and found negative for the disease within 24 months prior to the date of the claim.


CHAPTER 34. EQUINE ADVISORY BOARD
SUBCHAPTER 2. EQUINE ADVISORY BOARD RULES


2:34-2.2 Conduct of the New Jersey Bred All Breed Horse Show
(a) The New Jersey Bred All Breed Horse Show, or any other show conducted by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture, shall be governed as follows:

1. It is the policy of the New Jersey Department of Agriculture to accept the decisions of the individual breed groups regarding which horses are qualified to enter and show at the New Jersey Bred All Breed Horse Show, and to receive non-racing breeder awards, as well as the tabulation of breeder award points. Such decisions and tabulations must not be in opposition to the intent of this chapter. Any disagreement with the decision of the groups must be presented to the officers and/or directors of the particular breed group pursuant to (b) below.

2. Any questions arising which are not covered in the following rules shall be referred to the Equine Advisory Board Breeder Incentive Committee for final decision.

3. For any entry to be accepted, the horse or pony must be registered with its New Jersey breed association and be a certified New Jersey Bred. In addition, the owner or one lessee shall be a member in good standing with his or her New Jersey breed association represented on the New Jersey Equine Advisory Board. Every horse shall be entered under its registered name and the name of its rightful owner or lessee.

4. No entry will be accepted without a photocopy of a negative Coggins test of the date accepted by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture. Foals six months and under are allowed to use the Coggins test of their dam.

5. Copies of the Coggins test report and the horse's registration papers shall be attached to all entry forms along with the owner's Eligibility Declaration Form.

6. Foals dropped later than two months prior to show date will not be accepted as entries. No horse under three years of age may compete in under saddle classes, except when approved by their National Association rules and regulations.

7. No entries or stall reservations will be accepted unless payment by check or money order is received by the show secretary.

8. All entries must be postmarked (meter marks shall not be accepted) no later than the closing date of entries in order for entry to appear in the program. A check or money order (no cash) for the entry and stall fees must accompany the entry blank. No horse will be allowed to compete until all fees are paid.
i. Post entries will be accepted at two times the regular fee. Any entry received postmarked after closing date will be considered a post entry and will be accepted at two times the regular entry fee provided it meets all other New Jersey bred requirements. Entry fees must be paid by money order or check. No cash will be accepted. Post entries not completely in order when received will not be accepted.
ii. Phone entries are not accepted.

9. There shall be no refunds once a horse has performed in a class, or if entered and not exhibited, after the start of the show.

10. All entry and stall fees will be refunded upon request before the closing date of entries minus a $10.00 office charge per horse. After this date, entry fees only will be refunded upon receipt of a veterinarian's certificate; however, there will be a charge of $10.00 on each horse entered. The actual refund will not be made until after completion of the show. There is a penalty of $30.00 if a check is refused.

11. Exhibitor numbers will be provided for each entry in this show at the
Secretary's booth. It is the exhibitor's responsibility to make certain the proper horse is entered in the proper class with the proper number. Horses entered in the wrong class will be disqualified.

12. Post entries will be accepted at two times the regular fee after the closing date of entries.

13. Each breed will be judged according to the rules and regulations of its national breed association. All classes must conform to the specifications of the National Association list of classes. All classes offered shall be judged solely on the conformation or performance of the animal. Those breeds which do not have a national affiliation will be judged by their New Jersey State organization rules.

14. No horse shall be shown in any class at this show if it has been administered, in any manner, any foreign substance. A foreign substance is any medication. There will be spot testing by urinalysis and/or blood testing. Any entry found positive will be disqualified and will forfeit all awards for the New Jersey Bred All Breed Horse Show and New Jersey Bred year- end awards in the current year. Refusal to allow testing will automatically subject the horse to disqualification.

15. Classes designated as combined may be split if entries warrant; full prize money will be paid in both categories, providing the breed organization has not exceeded the designated prize money; otherwise, prize money will be split.

16. Two horses are required to fill a class at the All Breed Horse Show. If Classes with A and B sections do not have two entries each, A and B sections will be combined. Other classes will be combined only as specified in the prize list. Two horses are required to be shown and judged in order to receive both prize money and points.
i. Prize money will be paid as follows:

Four horses or more in class ...................... 50 percent; 25 percent;
15 percent; 10 percent.
Three horses in class ............................. 50 percent; 25 percent;
15 percent.
Two horses in class ............................... 50 percent; 25 percent.
One horse in class ................................. 50 percent; no points.

ii. If only one horse reports for judging, show money will be paid but no points will be given. However, that horse shown and judged will receive credit for the All Breed Horse Show, one of the horse's required three New Jersey shows.

17. In all classes, all riders and handlers appearing in the ring shall be
neatly and properly attired according to the requirements of their national breed organization. Protective headgear is required in all jumping classes.

18. Any act of discourtesy or disobedience to the judges or officials by owner, trainer, rider or groom shall disqualify the horse, and the owner shall forfeit his or her entry and other fees.

19. The Horse Park of New Jersey at Stone Tavern, Inc., the New Jersey Department of Agriculture, the New Jersey Bred All Breed Horse Show committee and the New Jersey Equine Advisory Board will not be responsible for injury to any person, horse or property incurred on the grounds.

20. The veterinarian and/or the steward shall be responsible for measuring height of entries and weight of shoes.

21. A veterinarian certificate excusing a horse from competition must be dated on or before the start of its competition and be postmarked within five days of the competition. This must be supplied on the veterinarian's letterhead and have the signature of the veterinarian.

22. Prize money will be mailed to winners at a later date. No money can be paid without the winner's Social Security number.
(b) Any appeal from the provisions of this section shall be made within 20 days of the horse show date, or within 20 days of notification to owners of a decision.
1. All appeals to the New Jersey Department of Agriculture or breed groups are final if decided in accordance with this section or the breed group rules. Should there be a conflict between rules, this section shall be deemed superior and superseding of all other rules.

 

TITLE 13. LAW AND PUBLIC SAFETY
CHAPTER 70. HORSE RACING
SUBCHAPTER 3. RACING ASSOCIATIONS

13:70-3.47 Track entrance; Coggins test requirements for horses, ponies or equine mascot
(a) No horse shall enter the grounds of any track association absent presentation of a valid certificate of a negative Coggins test. Said certificate shall:
1. Identify the horse by tatoo number;
2. Indicate said test was performed within one year prior to the date of presentation to the racing secretary;
3. Indicate said test was conducted by a laboratory approved by the United States Department of Agriculture; and
4. Be attached to the appropriate foal certificate.

(b) In the event that a horse arrives at a track association without a valid certificate of a negative Coggins test, the horse will be permitted to be stabled in an area designated by the State Veterinarian. A certificate must be presented to the Racing Secretary within 12 hours or a new certificate must be obtained as soon as possible. The State Veterinarian shall be notified immediately if any horse enters the grounds under these conditions.

(c) In the case of any pony or equine mascot, evidence of a negative Coggins test, together with a photograph of the animal, must be filed with the Racing Secretary.

(d) The Racing Secretary shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with this rule. Violation of this rule may subject the Racing Secretary and/or track association to penalties, provided for in these rules.

(e) This rule does not affect eligibility to race or claims. However, the trainer of a horse which races in violation of this rule without evidence of a negative Coggins test and/or a vaccination for equine encephalitis, is subject to penalties provided for in these rules.


Amended in 2001.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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