University of Vermont AAHS

Missouri Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations

 


MISSOURI CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS
TITLE 2 - DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
DIVISION 30 - ANIMAL HEALTH
CHAPTER 2 - HEALTH REQUIREMENTS FOR MOVEMENT OF LIVESTOCK, POULTRY AND EXOTIC ANIMALS


2 CSR 30-2.010 Health Requirements Governing the Admission of Livestock, Poultry and Exotic Animals Entering Missouri

PURPOSE: This rule sets forth the requirements governing the admission of livestock, poultry and exotic animals into Missouri.

(1) Certificate of Veterinary Inspection. All animals entering Missouri must be accompanied by an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection unless specifically exempted within these rules. The certificate must be signed by an approved, accredited, licensed veterinarian stating that the animals are free of any sign of contagious or infectious disease and are in compliance with the specific requirements set forth in these rules, and is valid for thirty (30)
days.

(2) Entry Permits. Entry permit numbers may be obtained by contacting the Missouri Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health, (573) 751-4359. It is specifically noted within these rules when an entry permit is required. Permits and information regarding Missouri's import requirements may be obtained at this telephone number from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (Central Standard Time (CST)), Monday through Friday.

(3) Relation to Federal Requirements. All animals entering Missouri must be in compliance with the Missouri requirements contained in this rule, in addition to federal regulations.

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(5) Equidae.
(A) All equidae (except nursing foals accompanied by their dams) must be accompanied by a current VS Form 10-11 (or later revision), showing the graphic description of all markings needed for identification and an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection showing-
1. Identification and description of all equidae listed on the certificate; and
2. An official negative Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test within twelve (12) months prior to entry, the name of the state/federal approved laboratory, and the test accession number assigned by the laboratory.
(B) Photocopies or facsimile copies of the VS Form 10-11 may be accepted if they are legible and bear certification by the testing veterinarian or testing laboratory that it is an official copy.
(C) All managed or sponsored events, such as trail rides, rodeos or competitions must require an official negative EIA test within twelve (12) months prior to the event. The manager or sponsor of each assembly or event is responsible for insuring that each animal admitted or participating is accompanied by an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and a VS Form 10-11 (or later revision) showing proof of a negative EIA test, and shall not admit or allow participation of animals not so certified. Such animals cannot congregate with other equidae. The owner of each animal is also responsible to comply with these requirements under sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may be assessed civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each violation.
(D) Equidae entering Missouri moving directly from a farm-of-origin (defined as maintained on premises for at least one hundred twenty (120) days) to a licensed livestock market/sale must be accompanied by a waybill or owner/shipper statement showing origin and destination.
(D) All equidae consigned to a licensed Missouri market/sale must have proof of a negative EIA test within twelve (12) months prior to sale or have blood samples for EIA testing collected at the market prior to sale at the seller's expense. The animal will sell test-pending with an announcement made at the time of sale that the animal is under quarantine to the buyer until negative test results are received.
(E) Alteration or substitution of any information on any VS Form 10-11 or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall cause the document to be invalid and in violation of sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may result in civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per violation.
(F) Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis (VEE) vaccination within fourteen (14) days of entry on equidae originating from states in which VEE has been diagnosed within the preceding twelve (12) months. An entry permit is also required on equine from those states.

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2 CSR 30-2.020 Movement of Livestock, Poultry and Exotic Animals Within Missouri

PURPOSE: This rule sets forth the requirements governing the movement of livestock and poultry within Missouri.

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(4) Equidae.
(A) All equidae (except nursing foals accompanied by their dams) sold, traded, exchanged, or otherwise involved in a change of ownership or leasing must have an official negative Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test within twelve (12) months prior to change of ownership or lease. All change of ownership or leasing must be accompanied by a completed VS Form 10-11 (or a later revision) accurately written, showing graphic descriptions of all markings needed for identification.
(B) Missouri equidae may move directly from a farm-of-origin (defined as maintained on premises for at least one hundred twenty (120) days) to a licensed Missouri livestock market/sale without a negative EIA test, but must be accompanied by a waybill or owner/shipper statement showing origin and destination. All farm of origin equidae moving to a licensed Missouri livestock market/sale without a negative EIA test will have blood samples for EIA testing collected at the market before the sale at seller's expense. The animal will sell test-pending with an announcement made at the time of sale that the animal is under quarantine to the buyer until negative test results are received.
(C) Equidae assembled at boarding, breeding or training stables shall be tested negative for EIA within the preceding twelve (12) months. The owner or manager of the premises shall be responsible for maintaining proof of current negative EIA tests for each animal. These records shall be available for inspection by state/federal regulatory personnel.
(D) Equidae owned, leased or rented by a business or public entity that congregate with privately owned equidae or other equidae offering the same service must have an official negative EIA test within the preceding twelve (12) months. The owners or managers shall be responsible for maintaining proof of current negative test for each animal being used for the service. These records shall be available for inspection by state/federal regulatory personnel.
(E) All managed or sponsored trail rides, rodeos or competitions must require an official negative EIA test within twelve (12) months prior to the event.
(F) The manager of each assembly or event shall be responsible for ensuring that each animal is accompanied by proof of an official negative EIA test and shall not allow animals not so certified to participate in the event or to congregate with other equidae. The owner of each animal is also responsible to comply with these requirements under sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may result in assessed civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each violation. These records shall accompany the equidae and shall be available for inspection by state/federal regulatory personnel.
(G) Alteration or substitution of any information on any VS Form 10-11 or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall cause the document to be invalid and in violations of sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may result in civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per violation.
(H) Procedures for Handling Missouri EIA Positive Animals.
1. Upon notification of a positive EIA test from a state/federal approved laboratory, the positive animal(s) will be permanently identified, quarantined, and isolated at least two hundred (200) yards from any other equidae.
2. A second test on the positive animals is permissible within thirty (30) days of the first positive test. The second sample will be drawn by state or federal regulatory personnel. The second test sample will be submitted to a Department of Agriculture Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory. The owner may request that sample be split, and submit one to a private laboratory of their choice at their own expense. There will be no laboratory charge for retests of positive or exposed animals submitted to the Department of Agriculture Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratories. If the owner chooses not to test the positive animal a second time, the owner or a representative of the owner must decide within fifteen (15) days the disposition of the positive animal with the following options:
A. Freeze-branded on the left side of the neck, and sent to slaughter on a VS Form 1-27 shipping permit issued by a state/federal regulatory official; or
B. Euthanasia with a written statement from the attending veterinarian including date and disposition of animal(s); or
C. Freeze-branded, permanently identified and, permanently quarantined, agreeing to abide by all stipulations required by signing MO Form 350-1052.
3. Upon receipt of the second positive test from the state-operated laboratory and the confirmation of the positive test from the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, the owner or a representative of the owner must decide within fifteen (15) days the disposition of the positive animal with the following options:
A. Freeze-branded on the left side of the neck, and sent to slaughter on a VS Form 1-27 shipping permit issued by a state/federal regulatory official; or
B. Euthanasia with a written statement from the attending veterinarian including date and disposition of animal(s); or
C. Freeze-branded, permanently identified and permanently quarantined, agreeing to abide by all stipulations required by signing MO Form 350-1052.
4. All other equidae owned, managed or leased will be placed under quarantine for forty-five (45) days after removal of the last known positive animal. Two (2) negative tests will be required to be released from quarantine. The first test at the time of exposure, and the second test at the end of the quarantine period. All exposed animals will be identified by electronic microchip. Samples will be drawn by state or federal regulatory personnel and submitted to a Department of Agriculture Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory (at no charge). These requirements may be waived at the discretion of the state veterinarian. Arrangements must be made through the state veterinarian's office if owners prefer that samples be drawn by their private veterinarian.
5. Foals from EIA positive dams will acquire passive antibody to EIA in the colostrum and may test positive for more than six (6) months. In these cases, the foal will be quarantined for at least sixty (60) days and have a negative
test at the end of the quarantine period before being commingled with other equines.
(I) Violation of quarantine or refusal to test will be in violation of section 267.603, RSMo, and may result in civil penalties not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) for each violation and penalties not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500) for each day such person fails to implement test as required.
(J) Brucellosis in Equidae. All equine showing signs of fistulous withers or poll evil will be tested for brucellosis. Samples must be submitted to the state/federal Brucellosis Diagnostic Laboratory in Jefferson City, Missouri. All positive animals will be shipped to slaughter on a VS Form 1-27 shipping permit or be placed under a special order of quarantine.


2 CSR 30-2.040 Animal Health Requirements for Exhibition

PURPOSE: This rule revises and clarifies Missouri's regulations on intrastate and interstate requirements for exhibition.

(1) Health Certificates.
(A) The term health certificate or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection means a legible record made on an official form of the state of origin, issued by an accredited veterinarian, which shows that the animal(s) listed meets the testing, vaccination, treatment and health requirements of the state of destination. Unless stated otherwise in the following rules, a health certificate or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection must accompany all animals to be exhibited and be available on request by animal health officials.
(B) Animals with active lesions of ringworm with resulting loss of hair or warts easily visible without close examination will not be permitted to exhibit and shall be subject to isolation or expulsion depending upon the nature and seriousness of the disease.
(C) Scheduled breed association sales with shows in conjunction with the sales will employ accredited veterinarians other than state regulatory personnel for processing animals and health certificates for change of ownership.
(D) The following listed entry requirements on livestock are for exhibition only. These minimal health and testing requirements do not qualify livestock that are to be sold or moved to a new owner or destination. Please investigate and comply to the added requirements for livestock that are to be in a sale as well as on exhibition.

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(6) Exhibition Requirements on Horses and Other Equidae.
(A) All equidae to be exhibited must be free of clinical signs of an infectious or contagious disease.
(B) All organized, managed or sponsored equidae shows, rodeos, or competitions will require proof of a negative Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test within twelve (12) months prior to the event. An official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and VS Form 10-11 (or later revision) showing graphic descriptions of all marketings needed for identification must accompany each animal showing-
1. Identification and description of all equidae listed on the certificate;
2. Negative EIA test date, negative test results, the name of the state/federal approved laboratory and the test accession number assigned by the testing laboratory;
3. Photocopies or facsimile copies of the VS Form 10-11 may be accepted if they are legible and bear certification by the testing veterinarian or testing laboratory that it is an official copy; and
4. Missouri origin equidae are exempt from the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection requirement.
(C) The board, organization or manager of each assembly or event is responsible for insuring that each animal admitted or participating is accompanied by an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection showing proof of a negative EIA test, and shall not admit or allow participation of animals not so certified. Untested animals cannot congregate with other equidae. The owner of each animal is also responsible to comply with these requirements under sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may be assessed civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each violation.
(D) Alteration or substitution of any information on any VS Form 10-11 or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection shall cause the document to be invalid and in violation of sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo, and may result in civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per violation.
(E) No EIA test is required on suckling foals that are accompanied by their dams. All weaned foals must be tested.
(F) Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis (VEE) vaccination is required on all equidae entering from any state in which the disease has been diagnosed within the past twelve (12) months. A special prior permit number must be obtained and also listed on the health Certificate.
(G) Any sick equidae at an exhibition may be excused by the official inspecting veterinarian. When an official inspecting veterinarian is present, all equidae will be subject to daily inspection. Any equidae entering without proper health certification and tests when required will be excused from the show until proper documents and tests are obtained.


CHAPTER 6 - LIVESTOCK MARKETS

2 CSR 30-6.020 Duties and Facilities of the Market/Sale Veterinarian

PURPOSE: Under section 277.100, RSMo, this rule outlines the basic duties and responsibilities of the veterinarian under contract with a licensed livestock market/sale or sale to inspect all livestock offered for sale.

(1) Assignment and Approval of Market/Sale Veterinarians.
(A) All assignments, replacements and removals of licensed, accredited veterinarians as market/sale veterinarians must have prior approval of the state veterinarian.
(B) Upon approval of the state veterinarian, the market/sale veterinarian must sign a Market/Sale Veterinarian Agreement form MO 350-0488 provided by the Missouri Department of Agriculture. This form states the veterinary
responsibilities at livestock markets/sales. The licensee must also sign the form. The market/sale veterinarian shall keep one (1) copy of the agreement, the licensee one (1) copy and one (1) copy shall be forwarded to the state veterinarian's office.
(C) Neglect of duty or misconduct by the market/sale veterinarian shall be cause for removal and replacement.
(D) Failure of the licensee to aid the market/sale veterinarian in executing all laws and rules governing the sale and movement of livestock may result in removal of the license to conduct sales.

(2) Duties and Responsibilities of the Market/Sale Veterinarian. The market/sale veterinarian shall-
(A) Complete training successfully and be qualified to run the Brucella Buffered Antigen (B.B.A.) Card Test and Concentration Immunoassay Technology (CITE) Test. Any veterinarian assistant or animal health technician who performs any testing at a livestock market/sale under the supervision of the market/sale veterinarian must also successfully complete training and be qualified to run the B.B.A. Card Test and CITE Test;
(B) Inspect livestock markets/sales for cleanliness, good repair and proper disinfection of certain areas possibly contaminated by diseased livestock;
(C) Blood test all test-eligible animals consigned to the market/sale;
(D) Inspect all livestock visually and, if necessary, perform further diagnostic procedures to determine the health status. No live-stock shall be released from a livestock market/sale by the market/sale veterinarian until the livestock have been handled, tested and treated as required by Animal Health laws and rules pertaining to the movement of live-stock; and
(E) Find any animal that is sick or suffering from a noninfectious disease either-
1. Returned to farm of origin with or without a quarantine, depending on the seriousness of the disease or illness;
2. Condemned, isolated and later destroyed or properly disposed of; or
3. Isolated and, if allowed to sell, an announcement must be made at the time of sale about the problem the animal is suffering (for example, bloat, cancer eye, foot rot).

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(5) Required Testing and Handling of Equidae.
(A) Veterinary inspection is required on all equidae before sale.
(B) All equidae presented at a licensed livestock market/sale for the purpose of change of ownership, whether by sale, trade, or exchange will be identified by backtag provided by the state veterinarian or other method approved by the state veterinarian and recorded on an MO 350-1138 form. Colorcoded backtags will be used as follows:
1. White-Equidae are being sold with a current negative EIA test; and
2. Red-Equidae are being sold EIA test-pending under quarantine.
(C) All equidae presented at any licensed livestock market/sale for the purpose of change of ownership not having proof of an official negative EIA test within the preceding twelve (12) months shall have blood samples for EIA testing collected before the sale at the seller's expense. The animal will sell test-pending with an announcement made at the time of the sale that the animal is under quarantine to the buyer until negative EIA test results are received. No animal will be released from any licensed market/sale without a current negative EIA test or a test-pending quarantine. The market/sale veterinarian will issue a quarantine on all test-pending animals. One (1) copy of all quarantines and MO 350-1138 forms completed for each sale will be sent to the state veterinarian's office.
(D) All equidae concentrated for the purpose of sale, trade, exchange or otherwise involved in a change of ownership at a licensed market/sale with proof of a current, official negative EIA test must present the completed VS Form 10-11 (or later revision) test record accurately completed, showing graphic descriptions of all markings needed for identification to the market veterinarian before the sale. Verification of animal(s) to the VS Form 10-11 (or later revision) shall be the responsibility of the market veterinarian. If, in the opinion of the market veterinarian, the information shown on the VS Form 10-11 (or later revision) does not match the animal being offered for sale, or the test form has been altered, the market veterinarian shall confiscate the form, mark the document "invalid," and the animal will be tested at the seller's expense prior to sale. All confiscated forms shall be sent to the state veterinatian's office.
(E) All EIA positive animals presented for sale to slaughter at a licensed market/sale must be accompanied by a VS Form 1-27 shipping permit signed by state or federal regulatory personnel authorizing the move. All EIA positive animals shall be segregated at least two hundred (200) yards from any other equidae and not sold in the auction ring. The market veterinarian shall verify the animals' permanent identification (freeze-brand or electronic microchip) shown on the form and issue a new VS Form 1-27 consigning the animal to a federally approved slaughter facility. No EIA positive animal shall be moved from a licensed livestock market/sale without being permanently identified and consigned to slaughter on a VS Form 1-27.
(F) Alteration or substitution of any information on any VS Form 10-11 or certificate of veterinary inspection shall cause the document to be invalid and in violations of sections 267.010 to 267.730, RSMo and may result in civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per violation.
(G) Equidae with signs of fistulous withers or poll evil will be sold directly to slaughter.


TITLE 10 - DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
DIVISION 90 - STATE PARKS
CHAPTER 2 - STATE PARKS ADMINISTRATION



10 CSR 90-2.030 Camping and Recreational Activities

PURPOSE: This rule is established as a means of informing the public of the availability, restrictions and proper usage of the various recreational activities and facilities provided in state parks.

(15) Equestrian Camping.
(A) Equestrian campers must camp in designated equestrian camping areas.
(B) Animals are the responsibility of their owners and must comply with all health and safety laws and regulations.

(20) Horses, donkeys and mules are permitted only in designated areas within state parks and historic sites and are not permitted in camping areas, picnic areas, or other public use areas. Horses, donkeys and mules shall have a rider on them or they shall be tied in a designated area. Horses, donkeys and mules shall not be ridden on foot trails, through streams, off designated trails, or tied to trees without the permission of the facility manager. In those facilities that require a rider's permit or that seasonally close riding trails or areas, it is the responsibility of the rider to obtain the proper permit.
(A) Equestrian owners or riders must show proof of current negative Coggins test (equine infectious anemia) upon request by appropriate park personnel and can be denied access to the facilities if such proof cannot be provided.
(B) In those undeveloped areas where horseback riding is permitted at random, horses, donkeys and mules shall be properly restrained, ridden with due care and shall not be permitted to graze unattended.


Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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