University of Vermont AAHS

Minnesota Equine Infectious Anemia Regulations

 

MINNESOTA RULES
BOARD OF ANIMAL HEALTH
CHAPTER 1700. IMPORTATION OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY
IMPORTATION OF HORSES

 

1700.2100 DEFINITIONS.
Subpart 1. Scope. The definitions in this part apply to parts 1700.2100 to 1700.2550.

Subp. 2. Coggins test. "Coggins test" means the agar gel immunodiffusion test for equine infectious anemia that has been approved by the United States Department of Agriculture.

Subp. 3. EIA. "EIA" means equine infectious anemia (swamp fever), a virus disease of horses and other members of the equine species.

Subp. 4. Horse. "Horse" means and includes all members of the equine species as horses, mules, asses, ponies, donkeys, burros, and zebras.

Subp. 5. Officially identified. "Officially identified" means the permanent identification using the National Uniform Tag Code number of the state in which the reactor was tested followed by the letter "A," applied with a hot iron, chemical brand, freeze marking, or a lip tattoo in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations, part 75.

Subp. 5a. Official test. "Official test" means the Coggins test or other tests approved by the United States Department of Agriculture conducted at a United States Department of Agriculture approved laboratory.

Subp. 6. Reactor. "Reactor" means any horse which discloses a positive reaction to an EIA test.

 

1700.2200 CERTIFICATES OF VETERINARY INSPECTION FOR HORSES.
All horses imported into Minnesota must be accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection issued by an accredited veterinarian within 30 days prior to date of importation except:
A. horses brought into the state for participation in trail rides, exhibitions, and horse shows where the horses are examined by an official veterinarian;
B. horses consigned to slaughtering establishments under federal inspection; and
C. reactors consigned to a federally inspected slaughtering establishment operated under the Federal Meat Inspection Act that are officially identified and accompanied by a shipping permit issued at the point of origin by a state or federal veterinarian or an accredited veterinarian.


1700.2300 CONTENTS OF CERTIFICATE OF VETERINARY INSPECTION.

The certificate of veterinary inspection must certify that the horses have been examined by an accredited veterinarian within 30 days prior to importation and must include an accurate and complete description of each horse in the shipment including age, sex, color, and markings. Registered horses may be identified by registration name and number.
When required, the EIA test date and the name of the laboratory must be recorded on the certificate of veterinary inspection.
A copy of the certificate of veterinary inspection approved by the chief livestock regulatory official of the state of origin must be mailed to the board.

1700.2305 REQUIREMENT FOR EIA TEST.
With the exception of items A to C, all horses must be negative to an official test for EIA within 12 months prior to the date of importation:
A. horses consigned to slaughtering establishments under federal inspection;
B. reactors consigned to a federally inspected slaughtering establishment operated under the Federal Meat Inspection Act that are officially identified and accompanied by a shipping permit issued at the point of origin by a state or veterinarian or an accredited veterinarian; and
C. suckling foals accompanying a negative dam.


1700.2310 PERMITS.

If a blood sample has been drawn but there is insufficient time to obtain the laboratory results of the EIA test prior to the importation, a permit for the importation of horses without final laboratory results may be obtained from the board if the veterinarian requesting the permit agrees to submit the laboratory results promptly to the board.

1700.2400 SALES.
Horses imported into Minnesota for sale or resale must be accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection and must be tested and negative for EIA before leaving the sale premises if sold to remain in Minnesota, unless the certificate of veterinary inspection certifies to a negative test for EIA conducted at an approved laboratory within 12 months prior to the date of sale.

1700.2450 REACTORS.
Reactors must be quarantined, destroyed, consigned for slaughter to a slaughtering establishment under federal inspection, or returned to the state of origin under a permit issued by the state of origin. Reactors may not be moved intrastate except on a permit issued by the board. Reactors may only be moved interstate in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations, part 75.

1700.2500 HORSES IMPORTED WITHOUT THE REQUIRED TEST FOR EIA.
Horses imported without the required test for EIA must be quarantined for an immediate test at the owner's expense. The test must be completed within 30 days of entry into Minnesota.

 

CHAPTER 1715. LIVESTOCK EXHIBITIONS AND MARKETS
SALE OF LIVESTOCK AT AUCTION MARKETS, CONSIGNMENT, COMMUNITY, AND OTHER SALES

 

1715.0560 SALE OF HORSES.
The official veterinarian shall report the consignors' names and addresses, the buyers' names and addresses, description of horses, and the results of the test for EIA (equine infectious anemia) if a test is required.


1715.0570 HORSES RECEIVED FROM OUT OF STATE.

Horses received from out of state must be retained on the sale premises until found negative to the test for EIA performed at a laboratory approved by the United States Department of Agriculture. This part does not apply to:

A. horses entering the sale with a valid certificate of veterinary inspection indicating a negative test for EIA within the past 12 months at an approved laboratory;

B. suckling foals accompanying dams negative to test for EIA as in item A;

C. horses sold for slaughter purposes if the buyer is a licensed livestock dealer and the buyer completes and signs a declaration of intent to slaughter; and

D. horses sold to be transported immediately to a state which does not require a negative test for EIA and accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection issued by the official veterinarian for shipment to that state.


1715.0580 REACTORS TO TEST FOR EIA.

Reactors to the test for EIA must be destroyed, consigned for slaughter under permit, or returned to the premises of origin under permit and in compliance with Code of Federal Regulations, part 75.4 and the rules of the board.

 

Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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