University of Vermont AAHS

Maine Equine Infectious Anemia Statutes and Regulations

 

MAINE STATUTES
TITLE 7. AGRICULTURE AND ANIMALS
PART 4. LIVESTOCK DISEASE CONTROL
CHAPTER 305. ERADICATION OF DISEASES

 

1820-A. Equine infectious anemia

1. Definitions.  As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.
A. "Official test" means any test approved by the commissioner for the detection of equine infectious anemia. "Official test" includes, but is not limited to, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, or ELISA test, and the agar gel immunodiffusion, AGID, or Coggins test. [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
B. "Quarantine" means to confine an equine to a stable or pasture in a manner that will prevent the spread of equine infectious anemia. [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
[ 2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW) .]
2. Duties of commissioner.  The commissioner shall:
A. Require a negative Coggins test, taken within 36 months, on all equines raced on, exhibited at or stabled at racetracks or fairgrounds. The commissioner shall require a negative test from all equines entering this State within 12 months before the date of entry and may require any equines to be tested prior to entering the State. Any equine not tested or required by the commissioner to be tested prior to entering this State must be quarantined until tested at the owner's expense; [2003, c. 386, §16 (AMD).]
B. Require that any equine having a positive test be immediately quarantined and isolated from other equines pending a 2nd test done by a state veterinarian; and [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
C. Require that all other equines on the premises where an equine has tested positive remain on the premises pending an investigation and testing as the commissioner determines necessary. [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
[ 2003, c. 386, §16 (AMD) .]
3. Disposition of reactors.  Any equine that has a positive 2nd test pursuant to subsection 2 must be considered a reactor. A reactor must be:
A. Humanely euthanized within 7 days of the 2nd test. Euthanasia must be performed by a licensed veterinarian or as the commissioner directs. A veterinarian euthanizing a reactor shall report the euthanasia to the commissioner within 2 working days; [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
B. Freeze branded with a brand with an "11 EIA" no less than 4 inches in height on the left side of the neck and shipped directly to a United States Department of Agriculture slaughter facility under a federal order; or [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
C. Freeze branded with a brand with an "11 EIA" no less than 4 inches in height on the left side of the neck and permanently quarantined and isolated from all other equines. The reactor must be kept a minimum of 1/4 mile from the nearest paddock, pasture or barn having an equine species or may be kept within 1/4 mile if the reactor is immediately placed and kept at all times in a screened-in enclosure acceptable to the commissioner. [2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW).]
[ 2001, c. 572, §49 (NEW) .]
4. Surcharge.  A person submitting a sample to the department for an official test for equine infectious anemia shall pay a surcharge of $4 for each sample tested by the department. The commissioner shall collect the surcharge and deposit all money received under this subsection into the animal welfare auxiliary fund established under section 3906-B, subsection 16. All revenue collected pursuant to this subsection must be used for investigating alleged cases of mistreatment or abuse of equines and enhancing enforcement of this Part and Title 17, chapter 42 as these laws pertain to equines.    
Data for this page extracted on 02/09/2011 09:23:24.

 

CODE OF MAINE RULES
01. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND RURAL RESOURCES
001. AGRICULTURE GENERAL
CHAPTER 206. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF CERTAIN DISEASES OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND POULTRY

4. IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS

G. IMPORTATION OF HORSES, PONIES, MULES AND OTHER EQUIDAE
1. A certificate of veterinary inspection must accompany all shipments and must have been issued within the 30 days preceding importation.
2. An official equine infectious anemia test must be conducted with negative results within 180 days previous to the date of importation for all animals180 days of age and older. The date of the test must be documented on the certificate of veterinary inspection.

5. DISEASE CONTROL FOR ANIMALS AND BIRDS WITHIN THE STATE
A. GENERAL
1. Any domestic animal and/or poultry condemned by the commissioner shall be slaughtered and disposed of as the commissioner shall direct.
2. The commissioner may enter any premises and/or auction, suspected of having any contagious or infectious disease, conduct an investigation, and take any sample necessary to diagnose and/or control any contagious or infectious disease, or any alleged incidence of inappropriate animal husbandry practices.
3. No animal or bird that has been in any zoo or menagerie shall be permitted in any premises in the state where any domestic animals or poultry are kept without meeting importation requirements for that species.

B. REPORTABLE DISEASES
1. The commissioner shall have the authority to quarantine any animals with a reportable disease and any animals having contact with the animals having a reportable disease for the time necessary to control the disease. The following diseases are to be reported immediately to the commissioner:

B) Equine Diseases
1) Equine Infectious Anemia
2) Equine encephalomyelitis
3) Potomac Horse Fever
4) Streptococcus Equi (Strangles)
5) All other exotic or eradicated diseases

G. HEALTH OF HORSES, PONIES, MULES AND OTHER EQUIDAE
All horses, ponies, mules and other equidae shall have a negative test for equine infectious anemia within 36 months prior to initially entering a boarding/breeding facility. All horses, ponies, mules and other equidae stabled at that boarding/breeding facility shall have a negative test for equine infectious anemia conducted not more than 36 months from the previous test date. Records must be made available to the commissioner, upon request, stating the last date of test for each horse.

H. PENALTIES
Whoever violates any provisions of this rule, unless a specific penalty or forfeiture is provided for, shall be guilty of Class E crime.

 

01. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND RURAL RESOURCES
001. AGRICULTURE GENERAL
CHAPTER 207. CONTROL OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA


1. Certificate Requirements
All horses or other equidae imported into the State of Maine shall be accompanied by an Official Equine Infectious Anemia Certificate from the State or Country of origin, which shall be approved by the Chief Livestock Official, showing evidence of being tested and found negative to the Coggins or Agar gel immuno/diffusion test within six (6) months of date of entry, except nursing foals under six (6) months. Such test shall be conducted by laboratories approved by the United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources, and the official blood sample shall be taken and certificate signed by an accredited veterinarian.

 

2. Official Test
The Agar Gel immuno/diffusion (Coggins Test) shall be the official test for Equine Infectious Anemia (hereinafter "E.I.A.").

 

3. Restrictions of an EIA Reactor
When a horse has been tested by the Coggins Test with positive results, the animal shall be confined to specific premises as defined by Title 7 M.R.S.A. § 1820, until an Accredited Veterinarian of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources has conducted the necessary test for release of quarantine.

A. If an E.I.A. positive horse is clinically ill and exhibiting one or more of the following symptoms, be shall remain in quarantine or be disposed of as the Commissioner may direct:
1. History of rapid loss of flesh;
2. Loss of spirit and energy;
3. Evidence of muscular weakness with intermittent attacks of fever;
4. Congestion of the mucous membranes of the eye;
5. Some degree of jaundice;
6. Dropsical swellings of the lower parts of the body.

B. Clinically ill E.I.A. positive reactors shall remain quarantined or be euthanatized or sent to slaughter. Interstate movement of reactor animals from Maine will be permitted if in compliance with States involved and federal regulations (VS Form 1-27). If euthanatized, a written notice sent from the owner to the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources stating the date, time, and place the euthanasia was conducted is required.

 

4. Identification
Equines reacting positive to the Coggins Test for E.I.A. shall be permanently identified by freeze branding and lip tattoo.

 

5. Antigen - its Restriction
No Equine Infectious Anemia shall be imported or produced in the State without previous permit from the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources,

 

6. U.S.D.A. Approved Lab
No test results shall be recognized from any person or laboratory not approved by the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

 

7. Official Laboratory
The State-Federal Cooperative laboratory will be the official state laboratory.

 

8. Personnel Permitted to Test
Official blood sample shall be taken by an accredited veterinarian or a veterinarian employed by the State or Federal Department of Agriculture.

 

9. Restriction of Animals Under Test
All animals under test shall remain on premises where blood sample was taken, until test results are reported to the Owner or his agent, unless a permit is obtained from the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources for movement to another location.


10. Retesting of Exposed Animals
Retesting of other animals exposed on the same premises to a positive reactor shall be at the discretion of the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources.

 

11. Negative Test Required
The Commissioner shall require a negative Coggins Test within thirty-six (36) months, on all horses raced, exhibited, or stabled on race tracks or fair grounds where other horses are being raced, exhibited or stabled.

 

12. Responsibilities of Person in Charge of Meets
The person or persons in charge of race meets, exhibitions,stables on race tracks or fair grounds where horses are being raced, exhibited, or stabled, shall ascertain that a copy of the official test accompanies each equine and such reports shall be available for inspection by an agent of the Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources upon request. Failure to furnish such reports shall exclude equines from the events.

Chapter IX, Section 13(a) of the Rules and Regulations of the Maine State Harness Racing Commission is hereby deemed to be incorporated herein by reference and applicable to all horses assembled at a Harness Race Meet,
including but not limited to standardbred horses, lead ponies, marshall mounts, stallions and brood mares. Harness Racing Commission personnel may assist in the enforcement of this regulation insofar as they are permitted and authorized by law. Whoever violates these regulations shall be punishable as provided in Title 7, M.R.S.A. § 1706.


13. Race Horses
A. A negative "Coggins Test Certificate" properly identifying the horse by tattoo number issued by an approved laboratory, certifying that within the prior thirty-six (36) months the horse has been tested negative shall be presented to a track member for any horse before it will be allowed entrance to, or remain upon, the grounds of a licensed track conducting meetings.

B. Declaration shall not be accepted for any horse to any race unless the declarer has furnished the Race Secretary with a negative "Coggins Test" written certificate for that horse, as required by Sub-Section A above.

C. No eligibility or validation certificate shall be issued for a horse from
which a positive "Coggins Test" has been reported. If an eligibility or validation certificate is issued and thereof, the certificate must be returned immediately by the holder to the U.S.T.A.

 

01. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND RURAL RESOURCES
001. AGRICULTURE GENERAL
CHAPTER 209. LIVESTOCK COMMISSION OR COMMUNITY AUCTIONS


5. General Requirements
A) All Livestock Commission or Community Auctions must be conducted in a condition satisfactory to the Commissioner.

B) No domestic animals or poultry originating in quarantined herds or flocks shall be allowed on any auction premises.

C) No animals having positive blood test for brucellosis, tuberculosis, pseudorabies, bluetongue and/or Equine Infectious Anemia shall be sold through any auction.

 

01. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND RURAL RESOURCES
017. STATE HARNESS RACING COMMISSION
CHAPTER 7. RACING

Sec. 4. Horses Health Conditions
No horse may race unless it has unimpaired vision in at least one eye. No horse with Equine Infectious Anemia shall race.

 

Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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