University of Vermont AAHS

Georgia Equine Infectious Anemia Statutes and Regulations


GEORGIA STATUTES
TITLE 4. ANIMALS
CHAPTER 4. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DISEASE IN LIVESTOCK
ARTICLE 3. EQUINE DISEASES


4-4-123 Establishment of compounds and research programs to control or eradicate equine infectious anemia.

(a) Any person, firm, corporation, company, cooperative, association, or other entity is authorized to set up or establish compounds at various places in the state where animals may be taken in order to control, suppress, prevent, and eradicate the equine disease known as "equine infectious anemia" (also known as swamp fever, EIA, and slow fever). It shall be unlawful to establish or operate any such compound without a license issued by the Commissioner. The Commissioner is authorized to issue licenses and to establish, promulgate, and adopt rules, regulations, and standards governing the establishment, construction, design, maintenance, and operation of such compounds. The fee for such licenses shall be $25.00 per annum, and such licenses shall be renewable annually.

(b) The Commissioner is authorized to establish research programs for the purpose of developing a vaccine or method for the control or eradication of such equine disease in this state.


GEORGIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
TITLE 40. RULES OF GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SUBTITLE 40-13. ANIMAL HEALTH DIVISION
CHAPTER 40-13-3. HEALTH; TRANSPORTATION


40-13-3-.03. Health Requirements

(1) Livestock entering Georgia must be accompanied by an official health certificate identifying each animal and giving the results of required tests for each animal. Such animals shall originate from herds free of any contagious or infectious disease and shall not have been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease prior to or during shipment. The complete name and address of the consignor and consignee must be shown on the health certificate. A copy of the health certificate bearing the approval or the disapproval of the livestock regulatory official of the state of origin should be forwarded to the Georgia Department of Agriculture promptly. The health certificate must have the permit number as required in the regulation recorded on it. Official identification shall be state designated metal eartags, brands, or tattoos. All cattle shipped into Georgia must meet brucellosis test requirements on a tube test or card test. Plate agglutination tests are not acceptable. Testing must be done in a state/federal laboratory.
(a) Cattle may be moved direct to a state or federal slaughtering establishment provided such animals are individually identified on a waybill and are not allowed to come in contact with any other cattle in this state until arrival at such slaughtering establishment.
(b) Cattle which are infected with or exposed to brucellosis from quarantined herds shall not be transported into Georgia unless transported directly to a state or federally approved slaughtering establishment. Such cattle shall not be allowed to come in contact with any other cattle in this state until their arrival at such state or federally approved slaughtering establishment. Such cattle shall be accompanied by a form VS 1-27 permit. It shall be the responsibility of the person transporting or causing to be transported such cattle to comply with all conditions of the VS 1-27.
(c) Cattle from a quarantined herd or quarantined area shall not be transported into or transported within the state of Georgia unless accompanied by a VS 1-27 permit. No person shall allow such quarantined cattle to come in contact with any other cattle in this state.
(d) All cattle semen imported into Georgia must originate from bulls that have been sufficiently tested to meet Georgia import requirements. All bulls from which semen is collected must be tested and found free of vibrosis and trichomoniasis and be accompanied by an official interstate health certificate.
(e) Livestock including bovine, equine, porcine, ovine, caprine and cervidae are prohibited entry into Georgia if they have been exposed to vesicular stomatitis within the past thirty (30) days or originate from an area within ten (10) miles of a premise where vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed within the past thirty (30) days. Livestock originating from a state or area where vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed must have the following statement written by the accredited veterinarian issuing the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection.
"All animals identified on the certificate have been examined and found to be free of vesicular stomatitis. During the past thirty (30) days, these animals have not been exposed in vesicular stomatitis nor located within ten (10) miles of an area where vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed."

(2) Cattle consigned to Federal or State approved slaughtering establishments for immediate slaughter are exempt from tuberculosis and brucellosis tests.

(3) Effective July 1, 1981, all female dairy-type cattle four months of age or older entering the state of Georgia must have been calfhood vaccinated for brucellosis, and so indicated on the health certificate, or originate from a certified brucellosis free herd.

(4) Cattle Brucellosis Requirements (Interstate).
(a) Class Free States or Areas:
1. Cattle, including Bison, from herds with no known infection may be shipped into Georgia provided they are negative to an official brucellosis test within thirty (30) days prior to entry. Female dairy cattle of dairy breeds four (4) months of age or older must originate and move directly from certified herds or be calfhood vaccinated to enter Georgia from a Class A state. Female dairy cattle breeds from a Class Free state are exempt from the calfhood vaccination requirements, provided that the animals originate directly from a bona fide dairy herd in that free state. This information must be recorded on the health certificate.
2. The following are exempt from a negative brucellosis test thirty (30) days prior to entry into Georgia:
(i) Cattle moving directly from certified brucellosis free herds. Certification number and date of last herd test must be recorded on the health certificate.
(ii) Official calfhood vaccinated beef animals under 24 months of age, and official calfhood vaccinated dairy animals under 20 months of age.
(iii) Unvaccinated animals of beef breeds under six (6) months of age and of dairy breeds under four (4) months of age.
3. Calves or negative animals from infected or quarantined herds are not eligible for entry.
(b) Class A and B States or Areas:
1. Cattle, including Bison, may be shipped from certified brucellosis free herds provided the date of the last herd test and the certified herd number is written on the health certificate.
2. Cattle, including Bison, may be shipped from a herd having a complete negative herd test within the past 12 months, with the individual cattle having a negative test within 30 days of shipment. Dairy cattle, from dairy herds, may have four (4) negative quarterly brucellosis ring tests within the past 12 months in lieu of the negative herd test. Brucellosis ring test dates, herd test date and individual test date must be recorded on the health certificate. Female dairy cattle of dairy breeds four (4) months of age and older must originate from a certified free herd or be calfhood vaccinated.
3. Cattle, including Bison, may be shipped into Georgia after two negative tests for brucellosis at least 60 days apart with the last negative test being within 30 days of shipment. Both test dates must be written on the health certificate. Unbred heifers and bulls may be imported for exhibition on one negative brucellosis test within thirty (30) days prior to shipment provided all animals will return to the state of origin.
4. Exempt from brucellosis testing:
(i) Steers and spayed heifers.
(ii) Official calfhood vaccinates of the beef breeds less than 24 months of age and of the dairy breeds less than 20 months of age that originate from non- quarantined herds which have had a negative official brucellosis herd test within the 12 months prior to entry. This information must be recorded on the health certificate.
(iii) Unvaccinated animals of the beef breeds less than 6 months of age and of dairy breeds less than 4 months of age that originate from non-quarantined herds which have had a negative official brucellosis test within the 12 months prior to entry. This information must be recorded on the health certificate.
(iv) The state veterinarian may exempt certain cattle from brucellosis test requirements when it is determined that such cattle do not pose a risk for introduction of brucellosis.
5. Unbred heifers under eighteen (18) months of age for feeding and/or grazing may be imported into the state of Georgia from non-quarantined herds provided they are official calfhood vaccinates or they are "F" branded. The herds of origin are exempt from the twelve (12) months negative herd test requirement. Vaccination of "F" brands must be completed prior to shipment and cattle will be allowed to be fed and/or grazed up to six (6) months before being shipped to feedlots or to slaughter. Any person, firm or corporation who purchases or feeds "F" branded cattle must apply for and receive an "F" Brand Permit prior to such action. "F" branded cattle will be permitted only to a prior approved premise. "F" branded animals will enter the state of Georgia and remain under quarantine until shipped to slaughter or feedlots. "F" branded heifers are not to be exposed to a bull at any time.
6. All cattle, including Bison regardless of age or vaccinated status, are not allowed entry into Georgia if originating from quarantined or infected herds, unless handled as restricted animals, moved with a VS 1-27 permit, branded accordingly, and shipped directly to slaughter or a quarantined feedlot.

(5) Cattle Tuberculosis Requirements (Interstate):
(a) Cattle, including Bison, may be imported into Georgia provided they are certified by the regulatory official of the state of origin as originating from herds without a history of tuberculosis infection, and animals six (6) months of age or older are negative to the tuberculin test within sixty (60) days prior to the date of entry. Negative animals from an infective herd are not eligible to enter.
(b) Cattle moving directly from tuberculosis free accredited herds are exempt from the sixty (60) day negative test requirements. Accreditation number and date of last herd test must be shown on the health certificate.
(c) Beef cattle moving from a farm in a tuberculosis free state that originated from that state can be moved without a negative pre-entry tuberculosis test provided this is certified in writing on the health certificate by the veterinarian.
(d) Indemnity will not be paid unless all animals in the shipment pass a negative test for tuberculosis after entry.
(e) All cattle consigned to exhibitions, fairs, and shows must comply with interstate regulations as specified above.
(f) Cattle consigned to Federal or State approved slaughtering establishments for immediate slaughter are exempt from tuberculosis and brucellosis tests.
(g) Cattle, including steers, imported from Mexico must be tested negative for tuberculosis within sixty (60) days prior to shipment. Steers must be "M" branded in compliance with USDA regulations. Mexican cattle will be quarantined upon arrival and retested not less than 120 days nor more than 180 days after arrival.

(6) Swine Requirements (Interstate):
(a) There are no restrictions on healthy swine moving directly to slaughter except swine originating from garbage-feeding operations. This class of swine may not enter Georgia under any conditions. No swine for feeding or breeding purposes shall move without an official health certificate and permit, and shall meet the following additional requirements.
1. Originate from areas and/or herds not under quarantine for any contagious or communicable disease.
2. Have been fed no garbage.
3. All swine four (4) months of age and older must be negative to an official brucellosis test within thirty (30) days prior to entry unless they originate from a validated brucellosis-free herd or a validated brucellosis free state.
4. All swine four (4) months of age and older shipped into Georgia for breeding purposes, shall be negative to an official serum neutralization (SN) test for pseudorabies within thirty (30) days and originate in a herd that has been free of symptoms of pseudorabies for a period of twelve (12) months or from a qualified pseudorabies-free herd (date of last test and qualifying number shown on health certificate) or from a state with a Stage V classification under the State--Federal--Industry Program Standards.
5. All swine imported for breeding purposes are upon entry into this state quarantined and must be isolated for a period of sixty (60) days and be retested, at owner's expense, for pseudorabies and brucellosis. If swine remain negative, the quarantine will be released and they may be added to the herd.
6. All swine imported into the State of Georgia for feeding purposes must:
(i) Originate from a pseudorabies qualified negative herd.
(ii) Originate from a pseudorabies monitored herd.
(iii) Pass a negative pseudorabies serum neutralization (SN) test within thirty (30) days prior to shipment.
(iv) Originate from a herd which is not under quarantine in a Stage III state or area as established in the Pseudorabies Eradication State-Federal-Industry Program Standards.
7. All swine shipped into Georgia for feeding or breeding purposes shall be automatically quarantined and held in isolation for a period of not less than thirty (30) days at the farm of destination and at owner's expense. This quarantine shall be automatically released provided swine have shown no symptoms of hog cholera or other infectious diseases during this thirty (30) day period. The above automatic quarantine release has no bearing on interstate quarantines issued on breeding swine for purposes of brucellosis and pseudorabies retesting sixty (60) days.
8. Breeding swine consigned to exhibitions, fairs, and shows must comply with the brucellosis and pseudorabies breeding swine requirements.
(b) Mini swine and designer pigs must meet the same requirements as breeding swine.

(7) Retest Requirements: All cattle and swine entering Georgia for dairy or breeding purposes are hereby quarantined and must be held in isolation until retested in not less than forty-five (45) days nor more than sixty (60) days following the date of entry for brucellosis and tuberculosis, at owner's expense. Such quarantines will be released upon presentation of results of required negative tests and expiration of the isolation period.

(8) Feral Swine may be imported into Georgia only if:
(a) they originate from a validated brucellosis free herd and a qualified pseudorabies free herd, or
(b) they are permitted on a form VS 1-27 to a state or federally approved slaughter establishment, or
(c) they are permitted on a form VS 1-27 to an approved hunting preserve, and
(d) a prior permit number is obtained from the Georgia Department of Agriculture, State Veterinarian's office.

(9) Exemptions:
(a) Official calfhood vaccinated beef breeds under 24 months of age and dairy breeds under 20 months of age, and cattle coming directly from certified brucellosis-free herds are exempt from retests for brucellosis.
(b) Cattle coming directly from accredited tuberculosis-free herds are exempt from retests for tuberculosis.
(c) Swine are exempt from tuberculosis tests, and swine less then four (4) months of age are exempt from brucellosis and pseudorabies tests.
(d) No indemnity will be paid for animals reacting to tuberculosis and brucellosis tests until all animals in the shipment have passed a negative test.

(10) Violations. No person shall be eligible for indemnity payments if any laws or regulations are violated.

(11) Exhibition regulations:
(a) All animals presented for exhibition purposes shall be accompanied by a certificate stating that these animals are from herds not under quarantine for any reason. Such animals must be apparently free of all infectious, contagious, or communicable diseases. Any such animals which develop symptoms of infectious, contagious, or communicable diseases will be quarantined and permitted directly back to the farm of origin.
(b) There are no tuberculosis test requirements for Georgia cattle. However, all animals must originate in herds with no history of tuberculosis. Cattle from other states must meet Georgia tuberculosis import regulations.
(c) Cattle moving from Georgia farms must originate from a certified herd, or must have been tested prior to shipment. Official calfhood vaccinated beef breeds under 24 months of age and dairy breeds under 20 months of age, and unvaccinated cattle under 12 months of age which originate from negative herds are exempt from test. Nonvaccinated cattle 12 months of age or older must have a negative brucellosis test, except such cattle which are from certified herds are exempt from testing. Cattle from other states must meet Georgia brucellosis import requirements, except unbred heifers and bulls from class "B" states may be imported on one negative brucellosis test within thirty (30) days prior to movement provided all animals will return to the state of origin.
(d) Swine Requirements:
1. Swine from other states must comply with Georgia import regulations, which include the following:
(i) must enter on a permit obtained from the State Veterinarian, Agriculture Building, Capitol Square, Atlanta, Georgia 30334, telephone 404-656-3667;
(ii) must be individually identified on the health certificate;
(iii) breeding swine four (4) months of age and older must have a negative brucellosis test within 30 days prior to entry unless they originate in a validated herd with the validation number and date of last herd test recorded on the health certificate;
(iv) breeding swine four (4) months of age and older must be negative to an official pseudorabies test within 30 days prior to date of exhibition or originate from a qualified pseudorabies-free herd;
(v) Slaughter swine: Gilts must be negative to an official brucellosis and pseudorabies test and barrows must be negative to an official pseudorabies test within 30 days prior to exhibition.
2. Georgia swine for exhibition must comply with the following provisions:
(i) Brucellosis. Breeding swine four (4) months of age and older must be negative to an official brucellosis test within 30 days prior to date of exhibition or originate from a validated brucellosis-free herd.
(ii) Pseudorabies. Breeding swine four (4) months of age and older must be negative to an official pseudorabies test within 30 days prior to date of exhibition or originate from a qualified pseudorabies-free herd.
(iii) Slaughter swine: Gilts must be negative to an official brucellosis and pseudorabies test and barrows must be negative to an official pseudorabies test within 30 days prior to exhibition. Slaughter swine will be exempt from the test only if no breeding swine are on the exhibition premise and all animals are consigned from exhibition direct to slaughter with no animals being allowed to return to a farm.
(e) Petting zoos:
1. All cattle and goats consigned to petting zoos are required to be tested negative for brucellosis thirty (30) days prior to shipment and negative for tuberculosis sixty (60) days prior to shipment. All equine animals must be tested negative for equine infectious anemia (EIA) within twelve (12) months prior to shipment. All swine must be tested negative for brucellosis and pseudorabies within thirty (30) days prior to shipment except Validated and Qualified herds. Exotic animals such as llamas, alpacas, camels, etc. are required to be tested negative for brucellosis within thirty (30) days prior to shipment and negative for tuberculosis within sixty (60) days prior to shipment.


40-13-3-.06. Horses, Mules and Asses
(1) Horses, mules and asses, except those for immediate slaughter, shall be accompanied by a health certificate and be free from any contagious and communicable disease. Temperature must be taken at the time the horse is examined for the health certificate. Any animal with a temperature exceeding 102 degrees F. shall not be permitted entry into Georgia.

(2) Horses, mules and asses must be negative to a test for equine piroplasmosis if they originate in an area where the disease is known to exist, or where the tropical horse tick (Dermacenter nitens) is known to winter over. The test results must be indicated on the health certificate.

(3) Horses, mules and asses (both weaned and adult) shall be negative to an official test for equine infectious anemia within twelve (12) months prior to entry with test results, date of test, and name and address of the approved testing laboratory shown on the health certificate. Nursing foals under six (6) months of age traveling with their dam which has a current negative test for equine infectious anemia will be exempt from the test requirement.

(4) Equine animals which are positive to a brucellosis test or which show evidence of poll evil or fistulous withers whether draining or not, shall not be allowed to enter the State of Georgia for any purpose.


CHAPTER 40-13-13. ANIMAL PROTECTION



40-13-13-.04. Premises Requirements and Performance Standards for Owner and/or Operator
(1) General Requirements and Standards:
(a) Classification and separation: Animals exhibiting a vicious disposition must be housed individually. Animals suspected of having a communicable or infectious disease must be separated from other animals and other susceptible species of animals in such a manner as to minimize dissemination of such disease. Pets housed in the same primary enclosure should be maintained in compatible groups. Females that are sexually receptive should not be housed in the same primary enclosure with males, except for breeding purposes.
(b) Drainage: A suitable method must be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water and avoid foul odors therefrom. If closed drainage systems are used, they must be equipped with traps and so installed as to prevent any backup of sewage onto the surface of the primary enclosure.
(c) Housekeeping: Premises (buildings and grounds) must be kept clean and in a state of repair in order to prevent injury or disease. Premises must remain free of accumulations of trash, weeds, debris, and other vermin harborage areas.
(d) Interior surface: The interior surfaces of indoor housing facilities must be constructed and maintained so they are substantially impervious to moisture and may be readily cleaned and sanitized.
(e) Lighting: Indoor housing facilities for pets must have ample light of sufficient intensity to permit routine inspection and cleaning during business hours. Pets must be protected from excessive illumination in primary enclosure to prevent ocular damage.
(f) Pest control: An effective program for the prevention, control, and elimination of vermin, insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests must be established and maintained. Vegetation must be manicured to prevent vermin harborage.
(g) Record keeping: Complete and accurate records must be maintained for all purchases, sales, natural additions, exchanges, adoptions, custodial care, and health records of all animals. These records must be maintained for a period of one (1) year and must be made available to the Commissioner or his authorized representative upon request.
(h) Sanitation of primary enclosures: Primary enclosures for pets must be cleaned at a frequency and intensity to provide a healthy and hygienic environment in order to prevent disease hazards. Excreta must be removed to prevent contamination of the animals contained therein and to reduce the spread of disease. Soiled bedding should be removed and replaced with fresh materials as often as is necessary to keep the animals clean and dry. For hard surfaces that are conducive to cleaning with water, frequent flushing with water and periodic use of detergents or disinfectants should be used to maintain sufficiently clean surfaces. When a hosing or flushing method is used for cleaning, animals contained in the enclosure must be removed unless the enclosure is large enough to ensure the animals would not be harmed, wetted, or distressed during the process. Animals in nearby enclosures must be protected from being contaminated with water and other wastes during the cleaning. Enclosures may be disinfected by using appropriate chemicals, hot water, or a combination of both. If hot water is used as a means of disinfection, the temperature of the water must be at least 145 degrees F. Aquariums as a closed ecosystem have special needs and they must be maintained in a balance necessary for the health of its inhabitants by means of ph control, filtration, biodegradation and the like.
(i) Selling of injured, diseased, or abnormal animals: Reasonable care must be
taken to avoid releasing for sale, trade, or adoption any pet that has an apparent disease, injury, or has a health related malady. Any pet that has an apparent injury, disease, or health related malady can only be released for sale, trade, or adoption provided the person receiving the animal is made aware of the condition in writing at the time of transfer.
(j) Shelter from rain, snow or cold: Pets maintained in outdoor housing establishments must be provided with access to suitable shelter to remain dry during rain or snow and protect them from wind and excessive heat or cold. Sufficient and clean bedding material or other reasonable means of protection from the weather elements must be provided.
(k) Shelter from sunlight. When sunlight is likely to cause overheating or suffering, sufficient shade must be provided to allow all pets protection from the direct effects of the sun.
(l) Space requirements: Primary enclosures must provide sufficient space to allow each animal to turn about freely and to easily stand, sit, lie, perch, swim, etc. in a comfortable and normal position.
(m) Storage: Supplies of food and bedding should be stored in an adequate manner to protect against infestation, contamination, or spoilage. Refrigeration should be provided for supplies of perishable food.
(n) Structural strength: Indoor and outdoor housing for pets shall be maintained in good repair. The primary enclosure should be of sufficient strength to contain the animals securely and restrict the entrance of unwanted animals. The walls and/or sides, floors and/or bottoms of the primary enclosures must be constructed so as to protect the animals from injury or suffering. For primary enclosures with grated or mesh bottoms housing dogs and cats, there must be a suitable resting surface that will allow the animal to sit and lie in a normal position. Vertically stacked enclosures must have receptacles to contain excreta between cages.
(o) Tethering of dogs: Permanent tethering of dogs for use as a means of a primary enclosure is prohibited. It is presumed that tethering for more than three consecutive days is considered permanent tethering. Such chains or other tethering devices must be of adequate length to satisfy the space requirements of a primary enclosure. Tethering devices must be of a type commonly used for the size dog involved and should be attached to the dog by means of a well fitted collar or harness.
(p) Waste disposal: Provisions must be made for the regular and safe removal and disposal of animal and food wastes, bedding, dead animals, and debris, so as to minimize vermin infestation, contamination, odors, and disease hazards. Disposal of dead animals must be by burial or incineration. Legal permission from the appropriate authorities or landowner must be obtained prior to burial on any public or private land. Disposal of dead animals in wells, waterways, or wetlands of any kind is strictly prohibited.

(2) Pets that are sold, offered for sale, exchanged or offered for adoption must be at the minimum age to sell. Written recommendations for the appropriate feeding and care must be provided at the time of the transaction for those animals that are not independent of parental nurturing.

(3) A licensed stable shall maintain proof of a negative test for Equine Infectious Anemia within the past twelve months on all equine on the premise.


40-13-13-.05. Control of Disease
(1) In the control, suppression, prevention, and eradication of animal disease, the Commissioner or any duly authorized representative acting under his authority is authorized and may quarantine any animal or animals, premises, or any area when he shall determine:
(a) that the animal or animals in such place or places are infected with a contagious or infectious disease;
(b) that the animal(s) has been exposed to any contagious or infectious disease;
(c) that the unsanitary condition of such place or places might cause the spread of such disease;
(d) or that the owner or occupant of such place is not observing sanitary
practices prescribed under the authority of this chapter or any other law of this state.

(2) The Commissioner or his duly authorized representative is authorized to issue and enforce written or printed stop sale, stop use, or stop movement orders to the owners or custodians of any animals, ordering them to hold such animals at a designated place, when the Commissioner or his duly authorized representative finds such animals:
(a) to be infected with or to have been exposed to any contagious or infectious disease; or
(b) to have been held by persons in violation of this chapter, until such time as the violation has been corrected, and the Commissioner, in writing, has released such animals.


CHAPTER 40-16-3. EQUINE ACT OF 1969


40-16-3-.02. General

(1) No equine that is infected with or that has recently been exposed to any infectious, contagious or communicable disease or the shipment of which originates from a quarantined area shall be shipped or in any manner transported or moved into or within the State of Georgia until written permission for such movement is obtained from the State Veterinarian of Georgia, except those animals infected with such diseases that are approved for interstate shipment by the Animal Disease Eradication Division of the United States Department of Agriculture.

(2) Movement of equine with temperatures not falling within 99.5 to 102.0 degrees temperature range is prohibited. Such animals shall be quarantined in isolation and further movement subject to the discretion of attending veterinarian.

(3) All equines imported into Georgia shall be accompanied by a health certificate and/or permit when required.

(4) A copy of the interstate health certificate shall be sent immediately for approval by the chief regulatory official of the State of origin and forwarded by him to the State Veterinarian of Georgia, Agriculture Building, Capitol Square, Atlanta, Georgia 30334.

(5) Equine entering Georgia for exhibition purposes shall meet all requirements as outlined herein.

(6) All Equine Piroplasmosis and Equine Infectious Anemia tests of animals which are intended for interstate movement shall be made in:

(a) State or Federal laboratories when such tests can be run.

(b) Commercial laboratories operated under the supervision of the United States Department of Agriculture and approved by the state of origin.

(7) No equine animal shall be sold, offered for sale, traded, given away or moved for the purpose of change of ownership unless accompanied by evidence of an official negative Coggins test for Equine Infectious Anemia within twelve (12) months of sale or movement except as listed below. Only the original or a copy, certified by the laboratory that conducted the test, or certified by the veterinarian which collected the blood sample, will be considered as an official test record. All certified copies must be notarized.

(a) Equine which originate from the State of Georgia which are offered for a sale at approved auction sales and which do not have evidence of a negative Coggins test within twelve (12) months will have a blood sample drawn at the sale. Animals will be allowed for sale or moved direct to slaughter, if identified on a VS 1-27 permit without being tested.

(8) All equine which are assembled for exhibition, rodeos, trail rides, etc., shall have evidence of a negative Coggins test within the past twelve (12) months.

(9) Any shipment not meeting the above requirements shall be quarantined until requirements have been met or returned to farm of origin.

(10) Any stallion which is offered for stud and for which a stud fee is received shall have a negative Coggins test certificate within the past twelve (12) months.

(11) All equine which are positive for Equine Infectious Anemia in a recognized laboratory are to be branded and quarantined for life or disposed of by approved slaughter or euthanasia with burial. Those quarantined must be branded by a method approved by the Georgia Department of Agriculture, be isolated a minimum of two hundred (200) yards from any other equine and be on a premise approved by an equine inspector of the Georgia Department of Agriculture.

(12) All equine animals which are within one-fourth mile of an equine which is found to be positive to equine infectious anemia shall be quarantined and tested. The quarantine will remain in effect until the animals have been tested negative twice at least forty-five (45) days apart.

(13) No person shall use drugs, tranquilizers, or medication which may conceal defects, falsely enhance the appearance of quality or otherwise result in misrepresentation in the sale of an equine animal.

(14) No equine animal with evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil shall be allowed to be unloaded or sold on the premise of an equine or livestock auction market. Such animals should be euthanized and buried or permitted directly to slaughter on a Form VS 1-27.

(15) Any horse with a positive titer to an official brucellosis test will be considered a reactor and will be quarantined to the premise for life, provided there is no evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil. Horses with a positive titer to an official brucellosis test and evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil must be euthanized and buried or permitted directly to slaughter with a VS 1-27 permit.


40-16-3-.05. Health Requirements

(1) Equine entering Georgia must be accompanied by an official health certificate identifying each animal and giving the results of required tests for each animal. Such animals shall originate from areas free of any contagious or infectious disease and shall not have been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease prior to or during shipment. The complete name and address of the consignor or consignee must be shown on the health certificate. A copy of the health certificate bearing the approval or the disapproval of the livestock regulatory official of the state of origin should be forwarded to the Georgia Department of Agriculture promptly.

(2) Equine Piroplasmosis.

(a) All equine originating in an area infected with Piroplasmosis must pass a negative test to this disease within 30 days of the date of interstate shipment.

(b) Temperature of each animal listed on health certificate shall be indicated. Such temperature shall be taken at the time of issuance of health certificate.

(c) A statement shall be made on health certificate that animals are free of all signs of screwworm. Such examination shall be within 36 hours preceding shipment.

(3) Equine Infectious Anemia.

(a) All equine shall be tested for Equine Infectious Anemia in a recognized laboratory within twelve (12) months prior to importation into Georgia and must be negative to the Coggins test.

(b) Test results shall be required on the interstate health certificate.

(c) All animals found to be positive to the Coggins test that are thirty (30) days beyond weaning will be required to be permanently identified by a method approved by the Georgia Department of Agriculture.


40-16-3-.01. Definitions

The following words or terms shall have the meaning set forth herein when used in these rules and regulations:

(a) Equine shall include horses, mules, asses and any other members of the Equiade species.

(b) Dealer or Broker. The words "dealer" or "broker" as used in these regulations shall mean any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of buying equines of any kind for resale or in selling equines of any kind bought for the purpose of resale or in buying equines of any kind for slaughter; and every agent acting for or on behalf of any dealer or broker or auction operator is for the purpose of this Act a dealer or broker; provided, however, that any person acquiring equines for the purpose of using as a part of their operations or for pleasure only are exempt from the definition herein applicable to dealer or broker.

(c) Barn, Auction or Sales Operator. The words "barn, auction or sales operator" as used in these regulations shall mean any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of operating public auctions or sales of equines, or of operating barns and yards for the concentration of equine held for the purpose of auction or sale.

(d) Special Sales. A special sale shall be any sale by a dealer or broker, barn, auction or sales operator held at a time other than a regularly scheduled time, except that any sale by an individual of his own entire stock of equines or part thereof, on his own premises, shall not be considered a special sale.

(e) Commissioner. The Commissioner is the Commissioner of Agriculture of the State of Georgia.

(f) Department. Department is the Department of Agriculture of the State of Georgia.

(g) Bond. "Bond" shall mean a written instrument issued or executed by a bonding, surety or insurance company licensed to do business in Georgia guaranteeing that the person bonded shall faithfully fulfill the terms of the contract of purchase and guarantee the payment of the purchase price of all equines purchased by him, made payable to the Commissioner for the benefit of persons sustaining loss resulting from the non-payment of the purchase price or the failure to fulfill the terms of the contract of purchase.


40-16-3-.02. General

(1) No equine that is infected with or that has recently been exposed to any infectious, contagious or communicable disease or the shipment of which originates from a quarantined area shall be shipped or in any manner transported or moved into or within the State of Georgia until written permission for such movement is obtained from the State Veterinarian of Georgia, except those animals infected with such diseases that are approved for interstate shipment by the Animal Disease Eradication Division of the United States Department of Agriculture.

(2) Movement of equine with temperatures not falling within 99.5 to 102.0 degrees temperature range is prohibited. Such animals shall be quarantined in isolation and further movement subject to the discretion of attending veterinarian.

(3) All equines imported into Georgia shall be accompanied by a health certificate and/or permit when required.

(4) A copy of the interstate health certificate shall be sent immediately for approval by the chief regulatory official of the State of origin and forwarded by him to the State Veterinarian of Georgia, Agriculture Building, Capitol Square, Atlanta, Georgia 30334.

(5) Equine entering Georgia for exhibition purposes shall meet all requirements as outlined herein.

(6) All Equine Piroplasmosis and Equine Infectious Anemia tests of animals which are intended for interstate movement shall be made in:

(a) State or Federal laboratories when such tests can be run.

(b) Commercial laboratories operated under the supervision of the United States Department of Agriculture and approved by the state of origin.

(7) No equine animal shall be sold, offered for sale, traded, given away or moved for the purpose of change of ownership unless accompanied by evidence of an official negative Coggins test for Equine Infectious Anemia within twelve (12) months of sale or movement except as listed below. Only the original or a copy, certified by the laboratory that conducted the test, or certified by the veterinarian which collected the blood sample, will be considered as an official test record. All certified copies must be notarized.

(a) Equine which originate from the State of Georgia which are offered for a sale at approved auction sales and which do not have evidence of a negative Coggins test within twelve (12) months will have a blood sample drawn at the sale. Animals will be allowed for sale or moved direct to slaughter, if identified on a VS 1-27 permit without being tested.

(8) All equine which are assembled for exhibition, rodeos, trail rides, etc., shall have evidence of a negative Coggins test within the past twelve (12) months.

(9) Any shipment not meeting the above requirements shall be quarantined until requirements have been met or returned to farm of origin.

(10) Any stallion which is offered for stud and for which a stud fee is received shall have a negative Coggins test certificate within the past twelve (12) months.

(11) All equine which are positive for Equine Infectious Anemia in a recognized laboratory are to be branded and quarantined for life or disposed of by approved slaughter or euthanasia with burial. Those quarantined must be branded by a method approved by the Georgia Department of Agriculture, be isolated a minimum of two hundred (200) yards from any other equine and be on a premise approved by an equine inspector of the Georgia Department of Agriculture.

(12) All equine animals which are within one-fourth mile of an equine which is found to be positive to equine infectious anemia shall be quarantined and tested. The quarantine will remain in effect until the animals have been tested negative twice at least forty-five (45) days apart.

(13) No person shall use drugs, tranquilizers, or medication which may conceal defects, falsely enhance the appearance of quality or otherwise result in misrepresentation in the sale of an equine animal.

(14) No equine animal with evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil shall be allowed to be unloaded or sold on the premise of an equine or livestock auction market. Such animals should be euthanized and buried or permitted directly to slaughter on a Form VS 1-27.

(15) Any horse with a positive titer to an official brucellosis test will be considered a reactor and will be quarantined to the premise for life, provided there is no evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil. Horses with a positive titer to an official brucellosis test and evidence of draining fistulous withers or poll evil must be euthanized and buried or permitted directly to slaughter with a VS 1-27 permit.


40-16-3-.03. Health Certificate

(1) Accredited and licensed veterinarians who are approved by the State Veterinarian of the state of origin and veterinarians in the employ of the State or Animal Disease Eradication Division of the United States Department of Agriculture may issue health certificates.

(2) Health Certificates shall bear the approval of the State Veterinarian of the State of origin or his officially designated representative.

(3) Each health certificate shall contain:

(a) the consignor's name and complete address showing RFD or street number;

(b) the consignee's name and complete address showing RFD or street number;

(c) the place of origin of shipment of animals;

(d) the final destination of the animals if other than that of consignee, including complete address;

(e) an accurate description and identification of each animal;

(f) the health status of the animals involved including results of required tests as well as dates of vaccination, if any; and the

(g) veterinarian's certification must state that the animals in shipment are free of external parasites.

(4) Health certificates shall be void thirty (30) days after inspection and issuance.

(5) No health certificate shall be issued unless it can be issued to comply in all respects with requirements as outlined herein.


40-16-3-.04. Permits

(1) Equine which do not fully meet the requirements herein set out, may be imported into Georgia under quarantine, provided the consignee has obtained a special written permit from the State Veterinarian of Georgia.

(2) Requests for permits shall be directed to the State Veterinarian of Georgia, Agriculture Building, Capitol Square, Atlanta, Georgia 30334, and shall set forth the following:

(a) explanation of inability to meet requirements;

(b) number and breed of animals;

(c) place and origin of shipment;

(d) proposed date of shipment, destination, and arrival date;

(e) intended purpose of shipment;

(f) name and address of consignor and consignee.

(3) All such permits shall be void fifteen (15) days after effective date.


40-16-3-.05. Health Requirements

(1) Equine entering Georgia must be accompanied by an official health certificate identifying each animal and giving the results of required tests for each animal. Such animals shall originate from areas free of any contagious or infectious disease and shall not have been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease prior to or during shipment. The complete name and address of the consignor or consignee must be shown on the health certificate. A copy of the health certificate bearing the approval or the disapproval of the livestock regulatory official of the state of origin should be forwarded to the Georgia Department of Agriculture promptly.

(2) Equine Piroplasmosis.

(a) All equine originating in an area infected with Piroplasmosis must pass a negative test to this disease within 30 days of the date of interstate shipment.

(b) Temperature of each animal listed on health certificate shall be indicated. Such temperature shall be taken at the time of issuance of health certificate.

(c) A statement shall be made on health certificate that animals are free of all signs of screwworm. Such examination shall be within 36 hours preceding shipment.

(3) Equine Infectious Anemia.

(a) All equine shall be tested for Equine Infectious Anemia in a recognized laboratory within twelve (12) months prior to importation into Georgia and must be negative to the Coggins test.

(b) Test results shall be required on the interstate health certificate.

(c) All animals found to be positive to the Coggins test that are thirty (30) days beyond weaning will be required to be permanently identified by a method approved by the Georgia Department of Agriculture.


Amended in 1996, 1999.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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