University of Vermont AAHS

Florida Equine Infectious Anemia Statutes and Regulations


FLORIDA STATUTES
TITLE XXXV. AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AND ANIMAL INDUSTRY
CHAPTER 585. ANIMAL INDUSTRY
PART II. ANIMAL DISEASE INSPECTION, CONTROL, AND ERADICATION


585.671. Control and eradication of equine infectious anemia and equine piroplasmosis

(1) The department shall formulate a program and promulgate all rules necessary for the successful implementation and administration of a comprehensive program for the control and eradication of equine infectious anemia and equine piroplasmosis within this state. For this purpose, the department may conduct research.

(2) In the discharge of its duty, the department shall have the power:

(a) To employ such persons and to make such contracts as are necessary to carry out the purpose of this law.

(b) To negotiate with officials of institutions of research and to make such contracts as are necessary to conduct research for the purpose of developing and effectuating improved methods of diagnosis, control, and eradication of equine infectious anemia and equine piroplasmosis. Toward this end it may employ such competent guidance as it deems necessary in negotiating said contracts.


FLORIDA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
TITLE 5. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMER SERVICES
SUBTITLE 5C. DIVISION OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY
CHAPTER 5C-3. IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS




5C-3.002 General Requirements and Limitations.
(1) OCVI Required. Domestic animals imported into the state must be accompanied by an OCVI. The OCVI must be attached to the waybill or be in the possession of the driver of the vehicle or person otherwise in charge of the animals. The OCVI must accompany the animals to their final destinations in Florida.
(a) All information required on the OCVI must be fully completed by the issuing veterinarian and must include the following:
1. The name and address of the consignor;
2. The name and address of the consignee;
3. The point of origin;
4. The point of destination;
5. The date of examination;
6. The number of animals examined;
7. The individual permanent identification number of each animal; and the name or registered brand or tattoo number;
8. The sex, age, and breed of each identified animal;
9. Test results and herd or state status on certain diseases as specified in this chapter;
10. Prior permission number, if required;
11. A statement by the issuing veterinarian that the animals identified on the OCVI are free of signs of infectious or communicable disease; and
12. For Equidae only, the establishment or premises at which the horse was examined, body temperature at examination, and color and markings.
(b) A copy of the OCVI, approved by the chief animal health official of the state of origin, must be forwarded immediately to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry, Tallahassee, Florida.
(c) The OCVI will be void after 30 days except that OCVIs for Equidae may be extended as provided in Section 5C-3.003(6).

(2) Prior authorization and prior permission.
(a) Prior authorization. All domestic animals, infected with or exposed to any infectious or communicable disease, except animals moving directly to slaughter, must have prior authorization by the State Veterinarian for importation.
(b) Prior permission. Prior permission must be obtained from the State Veterinarian or representative of the Division for all swine, domestic fowl, cervidae, and dogs or domestic cats originating in areas under quarantine for rabies for movement into the state, except animals which are consigned directly to a recognized slaughtering establishment. The prior permission may be either written permission from the Division or a prior permission number issued by telephone by the Division.

(3) Animals entering the state without an OCVI or otherwise entering the state in violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be stopped by an agent, servant, or employee of the Department or by any law enforcement officer of the State of Florida or any subdivision of the state. Any person, firm, or association having charge, custody, or control of animals imported in violation will remove the animals from the state as directed by the Division.

(4) Animals being transported within the state.
(a) Animals which are not required to have an OCVI and animals being transported totally within the state must be accompanied by evidence of ownership or authority for possession of the animals or a notarized affidavit of authority to transport. These documents must disclose:
1. The name and address of the consignor,
2. The name and address of the consignee,
3. The point of origin,
4. The point of destination, and
5. A description of the animals sufficient to identify them for any and all purposes.
(b) Cattle which are test eligible for brucellosis must be accompanied by evidence that the cattle originate from a Class Free Area or a Certified Brucellosis Free Herd or a VS Form 4-33 (Apr 81) as evidence of meeting the test requirements for movement as described in Rule 5C-6.0032(4), 5C-6.0033(4), or 5C-6.0034(4).
(c) Equidae must be accompanied by the original or a laboratory certified copy or a notarized copy of a VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) as evidence of a negative equine infectious anemia test within the previous 12 months.

(5) Forms and Materials. USDA APHIS VS Forms 4-33 (Apr 81) and 10-11 (Apr 90) are hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the United States Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328.


5C-4.008 Horses.

(1) OCVI Required. An OCVI is required for horses for movement into Florida, but not specifically for exhibition.

(2) Test or Certification Required. All horses presented for exhibition must be accompanied by evidence of a negative official test for equine infectious anemia (EIA), conducted within 12 months prior to exhibition.

(a) Exemption to Test Requirement. A foal under six months of age accompanied by its dam which has met the EIA test requirement is not required to have an EIA test.

(b) The EIA test must be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) and must be:

1. An original copy of the official test record; or

2. A copy of the original test record, certified by the laboratory which conducted the test; or

3. A notarized copy of the original test record.

(c) A horse not accompanied by an EIA test record as required by 5C-4.008(2) or which does not correspond to the description on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) will be prohibited from exhibition.

(3) Equine Event Extension. An OCVI is required for horses moving interstate to equine events. Upon written request to the Division, the expiration of a Florida Equine OCVI will be extended for up to six months provided that:

(a) The purpose is solely to allow routine movement to equine events such as horse shows or meets, races, trail rides, or fox hunts in the states of Georgia and Alabama; and

1. Florida, Georgia, and Alabama have mutually agreed to recognize such extensions by the other two states; and

2. The Equine OCVI is complete; and

3. The new expiration date will not be later than the expiration date of the EIA test.

(b) This Equine Event Extension does not supersede or replace the requirements of any given event.

(c) A new Equine Event Extension will not be issued for an owner, owner's agent, or horse which has been the subject of an Equine Event Extension which the Department has cancelled.

(d) Forms. VS Form 10-11 (April 90) is hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the United States Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328.


CHAPTER 5C-18. EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA


5C-18.001 Definitions.

(1) Accredited Veterinarian. A licensed veterinarian approved by the United States Department of Agriculture to perform functions required by cooperative State-Federal disease control and eradication programs.

(2) Approved Laboratory. A laboratory approved by the Director to conduct official equine infectious anemia tests and meeting all criteria in 5C- 18.003(3).

(3) Approved Pesticide. Any pesticide which is recognized and approved by the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services or by the United States Department of Agriculture as an effective agent in the control or eradication of possible vectors for equine infectious anemia.

(4) Approved Quarantine Assembly Point. Premises approved by the Director for holding reactors and 'S' branded slaughter horses prior to movement to a horse slaughtering establishment as provided by Rule 5C-18.011(2).

(5) Approved Quarantine Premises. Premises approved by the Director which have a valid permit to maintain reactor horses under designated conditions as provided by Rule 5C-18.007(5).

(6) Authorized Laboratory Representative. An employee of an approved laboratory who has completed the training at the National Veterinary Services Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, for conducting Equine Infectious Anemia Tests.

(7) Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). A codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. 9 CFR 75.4 (1993) is hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the United States Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Attention: New Orders, Post Office Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15250-7954.

(8) Department. The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

(9) Department Representative. An employee of the Department who is authorized by the Director to perform animal health regulatory activities regarding the prevention, control, and eradication of certain contagious and infectious diseases of animals.

(10) Director. The Director of the Division of Animal Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. The Director is also the State Veterinarian.

(11) Division. The Division of Animal Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

(12) EIA Quarantine. The maintenance of a reactor, suspect, or exposed horse on an approved quarantine premises consistent with 5C-18.007(5).

(13) Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). A viral disease of horses commonly known as swamp fever, which is infectious and is spread primarily by bloodsucking insects. Transmission can also be by transfer of infected blood on fomites such as contaminated hypodermic needles and other instruments.

(14) Exposed. Any horse that has been in direct contact with a reactor or suspect horse for a period of 24 hours or more.

(15) Horse. Any member of the equine family, including horses, mules, asses, burros, zebras, and other lesser known equidae.

(16) Horse Slaughtering Establishment. A horse slaughtering establishment operating under state or federal inspection.

(17) Official Test. A test for EIA that meets all the criteria designated in 5C-18.003(1).

(18) Reactor. Any horse with a report of a positive EIA test.

(19) Suspect. Any horse exhibiting clinical signs of EIA but which has not been determined to have a report of a positive EIA test.

(20) USDA. The United States Department of Agriculture.

(21) VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80). An official USDA form issued by a Department representative or an accredited veterinarian for movement of reactor, suspect, or exposed horses. The form is hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the United States Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328.

(22) VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90). An official USDA form required for submitting samples and reporting results of EIA tests. The form is hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the United States Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402- 9328.


5C-18.003 Official Test.

(1) EIA Test. The Department will determine a report of an EIA test to be negative or positive only from a test that:
(a) Is conducted in a laboratory approved by the Director and USDA;
(b) Utilizes a diagnostic product that is licensed by USDA and has been approved in writing by the Director;
(c) Is collected and submitted by an accredited veterinarian or Department representative; and
(d) Is submitted with and reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90). All sections and copies of VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) must be complete, legible, and accurate with a detailed description of the horse that the test record represents including the
following information:
1. The breed registration number or registry tattoo, when applicable;
2. The name of the horse;
3. The age, breed, sex and color; and
4. All other distinctive markings, including markings on the legs and face, color patterns, body brands, scars, whorls and blemishes.

(2) Rejected Test Report. A report of an EIA test will be rejected if the report:
(a) Appears to be forged, counterfeited, simulated, or altered;
(b) Does not have all information completed, including sufficient identification of the horse; or
(c) Is not an original owner's copy or a laboratory certified copy; except that for purposes other than change of ownership within Florida, a photocopy of the owner's original copy is acceptable.

(3) Requirements for Laboratory Approval for EIA Testing.
(a) Permit Required. Any laboratory which conducts a test for EIA within the state must have a permit from the Department.
(b) Application for Permit.
1. Written Request. A written request for a permit to conduct EIA test(s) must be submitted to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry, Post Office Box 6710, Tallahassee, Florida 32314.
2. Application Fee. A non-refundable application fee of $50.00 must be submitted with each written request. The fee must be submitted as a check or money order made payable to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. This fee is waived for the Department's Bureau of Diagnostic Laboratories.
(c) Requirements for Permit.
1. Department Inspection. A Department representative will inspect the facility to determine that the laboratory has the facilities and equipment which are specified in USDA Veterinary Services Memorandum 555.8 (1983), which is hereby incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the Division of Animal Industry, Room 335, The Mayo Building, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0800.
2. Certification to Comply. The applicant for the permit must certify in writing that the laboratory will comply with all provisions of this rule.
3. USDA Approval. The laboratory must meet all requirements of 9 CFR 75.4(c) (1993), which is hereby incorporated by reference, and must be approved by USDA.
4. Test Check Proficiency Results. The laboratory will certify to the Department that it will forward a copy of all test check proficiency results performed in accordance with 9 CFR 75.4(c) (1993) within 72 hours after they are received by the laboratory.
5. Prior Approval. Any laboratory which has been approved by USDA prior to
adoption of this rule, will be approved by the Department on the date the rule becomes effective.
(d) Issuance of Permit. The Department will issue a permit for the laboratory to conduct EIA tests when the Department has proof that all requirements of 5C- 18.003(3)(b) and (c) have been completed.
(e) Renewal of Permits.
1. All permits expire on December 31 of each year.
2. The authorized laboratory representative must submit the following prior to November 30 of each year:
a. A written request for renewal of the permit signed by the authorized laboratory representative;
b. Certification of continuous compliance with the requirements in 9 CFR 75.4 (1993), Veterinary Services Memorandum 555.8 (1983), and all requirements of Chapter 5C-18; and
c. Copies of reports of all inspections of the laboratory facilities conducted during the current certification period.
d. Copies of test sample proficiency results consistent with the requirements of this rule.
(f) Revocation of Permit. The Department will revoke any permit to conduct EIA tests for the following reasons:
1. The laboratory does not immediately report a positive EIA test to the Department by telephone or telephonic facsimile;
2. The laboratory falsifies a record or a report of an EIA test.

(4) Procedures for Identifying EIA Test Samples.
(a) Receiving Samples. The laboratory must confirm that all EIA test samples received are accompanied by VS Forms 10-11 (Apr 90) which meet the following requirements:
1. All VS Forms 10-11 (Apr 90) are reviewed by the laboratory staff to assure that they are complete and accurate.
2. Information needed on incomplete VS Forms 10-11 (Apr 90) must be obtained from the submitting veterinarian before the samples may be tested; and
3. The laboratory must confirm that the veterinarian who signed the VS Forms 10-11 (Apr 90) is an accredited veterinarian in the state where the blood sample was taken.
(b) Laboratory Identification of Samples. All samples must be identified by the receiving laboratory by a unique accession number with the format of YY- X00000, where:
1. YY corresponds to the last two digits of the current year;
2. X is a unique letter assigned by the Department to the laboratory for identification of the laboratory; and
3. 00000 represents consecutive numbers for tests conducted by that laboratory, beginning with 00001 on January 1 of each year.

(5) Laboratory Records, Record Keeping.
(a) The laboratory must maintain a daily log, which records the following test sample information:
1. Date of receipt of test sample;
2. The assigned accession number;
3. Name of the accredited veterinarian who submitted the sample;
4. Name of the owner of the horse;
5. The specific test used;
6. The test result;
7. The date that the report of the EIA test was provided to the submitting veterinarian; and
8. For all positive tests, the name of the contact person in the Department and the date that the report of the positive EIA test was made to him/her.
(b) Daily logs for the current year and three preceding years must be available for immediate reference or inspection by representatives of the Department and of USDA.


5C-18.004 Report of Test.

(1) Test Report. Results of all EIA tests will be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90). No other means of reporting is allowed except as required in 5C- 18.004(2)(b).

(a) The individual who certifies a report of an EIA test must be the authorized laboratory representative approved by USDA. The certification must be by full signature; initials are not acceptable.

(b) The laboratory will send the carbon copies of the completed VS Forms 10- 11 (Apr 90) to the submitting veterinarian; the owner; the USDA, Area Veterinarian-in-Charge; and the Department.

(c) The submitting veterinarian may submit written permission with the sample that the owner may pick up the owner's original carbon copy of the report of an EIA test after the laboratory completes the requirements of 5C-18.004(1)(a) and (b) and (2).

(2) Positive EIA Tests.

(a) All positive EIA tests must be confirmed by use of the Agar Gel Immuno- Diffusion (AGID) test.

(b) All reports of positive EIA tests must be provided to the Department by telephone or telephonic facsimile immediately after completion of the test. If the results were obtained outside of the Department's normal business hours, they must be reported not later than 9:00 a.m. on the next business day. The following information is required with this report:

1. The accession number;

2. The owner's name and address;

3. The name and complete description of the animal;

4. The location of the animal; and

5. The name of the veterinarian who submitted the sample.

(c) Sera from positive EIA test samples must be retained for two years. The samples must be identified and must be stored in a frozen state.


5C-18.006 Identification of Reactors.

Owners of reactor horses must present their animals to the Department representative when requested, and assist as required, to enable the representative to collect additional samples or to permanently identify the animal.

(1) Determination of Reactor from Test(s).

(a) Six Months of Age or Older. Any horse six months of age or older which has a report of a positive EIA test is a reactor and must be quarantined as provided in 5C-18.007 and must be permanently identified by a Department representative as provided in 5C-18.006(2).

(b) Retest of Reactors. The owner of a horse may request a retest of an animal prior to final classification by the Department as a reactor. Retests must be:

1. Submitted by an accredited veterinarian at the owner's expense, and

2. Completed within 21 days of the date of the initial report of a positive EIA test.

(c) Forfeiture of Retest Option. The owner of the horse will forfeit the option to retest the horse if the above requirements are not fulfilled.

(d) Referee Test. In the event that test results of the initial test and the retest are not the same, a blood sample for a referee test will be collected within 10 days by a Department representative. Final classification of the horse will be determined by the Director based on the consensus of the results of the three tests.

(e) Foals Under Six Months of Age. Foals under six months of age, which have a report of a positive EIA test, will be immediately placed under quarantine. The foal must be retested at six months of age or not less than 60 days after weaning, whichever is longer.

1. Samples for retest of foals will be collected and submitted by an accredited veterinarian at the owner's expense.

2. If the retest is positive, the foal must be permanently identified by a Department representative as provided in 5C-18.006(2).

3. If the retest is negative, the foal will be released from quarantine.

(2) Permanent Identification of Reactors. Horses designated as reactors must be permanently identified by visible alpha-numeric freeze brands or other visible body brands as approved by the Director.

(a) The alpha-numeric brand must include the letter 'A' preceded by the numeral '58' and followed by a four digit number assigned by the Department to indicate the individual identification of each reactor.

(b) The alpha-numeric brand must be placed on the left side of the neck just below the top line and midway between the head and shoulder.

(c) Each brand marking must be not less than two inches in height.

(3) Isolation of Reactors. Permanently identified reactors must be placed in approved quarantine premises as provided in 5C-18.007(5), or disposed of as provided in 5C-18.007(2), or be euthanized and buried, rendered, or burned.


5C-18.007 Quarantine.

(1) A Department representative will quarantine a horse and require it to be isolated from all other horses if the horse:
(a) Is designated as a reactor;
(b) Is designated as a suspect; or
(c) Has had direct contact with a reactor or a suspect.

(2) A reactor may not be moved from quarantine except for movement to:
(a) A horse sale approved by the Department to handle reactor horses;
(b) A horse slaughtering establishment;
(c) An approved quarantine assembly point;
(d) A research facility, with approval of the Director; or to
(e) Approved quarantine premises.

(3) A suspect horse may not be moved from quarantine until testing determines that the horse is a reactor or is not affected by the disease.
(a) A report of a negative EIA test, not less than 45 days after the onset of clinical signs, will qualify a suspect horse for release from quarantine.
(b) If a report of a negative EIA test is provided while the suspect horse is exhibiting clinical signs of the disease, a retest must be conducted. The retest must be conducted not less than 30 days after the initial test. If the retest is negative, the horse will be released from quarantine.

(4) An exposed horse may not be removed from quarantine until testing determines that the horse is a reactor or is not affected by the disease.
(a) A report of a single negative EIA test, conducted not less than 30 days after the last known exposure, will qualify the exposed horse for release from quarantine.
(b) If an exposed horse is designated as a reactor, the other horses in the group will remain under quarantine and isolation, and must be retested in not less than 30 days.

(5) Approved quarantine premises. Any premise where a reactor horse is to be maintained must be approved in advance by the Director.
(a) Written Request. The owner of the premise, or an authorized representative of the owner, must submit a written request for approval of the premise to the
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry, Post Office Box 6710, Tallahassee, FL 32314.
(b) Fee. Effective July 1, 1999, all approved quarantine premises must pay an annual fee of $200.00, paid by certified check or money order made payable to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
(c) Any individual or organization that maintains reactors for research, educational, or therapeutic purposes at an approved quarantine premise shall be exempt from payment of the fee.
(d) Requirements for Premises. The minimum requirements for approved quarantine premises are as follows:
1. Premises must be located and fenced so that a reactor horse remains at least 200 yards from all other horses at all times;
2. The perimeter fence and all entrances into the premises must have "Quarantine" placards which are at least 10 X 12 inches in size and which are placed where they are clearly visible; and
3. Only reactor horses are confined on the premises.
(e) Monthly Inspections. A Department representative will conduct a monthly inspection of approved quarantine premises to ensure that the premises continue to meet all requirements of 5C-18.007(5)(b), and that quarantine horses have not been removed from the quarantine area.
(f) A horse may not enter or leave approved quarantine premises except when
accompanied by a VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) issued by a Department representative.
(g) Revocation of Approval of Approved Quarantine Premises.
1. Violation of any provisions of this Section will result in revocation of approval to operate such premises, and enforcement action may be taken against those persons responsible for such violations if such person remains in violation after having received not less than ten days written notice by the Department of the violation.
2. If any requirements of 5C-18.007(5)(b) for approved quarantine premises cannot be maintained, the owner(s) of the horse(s) will be allowed 15 days to relocate the horse(s) to an approved quarantine premise; to dispose of the reactors as provided in 5C-18.007(2); or to euthanize the animals.


5C-18.010 Test Required for Movement, Assembly, Change of Ownership, and for Breeding Stallions and Mares.

(1) Negative EIA Test for Movement. All horses imported into the state, or moving within the state, must have a report of a negative EIA test conducted within the previous 12 months. The test must be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90). Foals under 6 months of age accompanied by their dam who has a VS Form 10- 11 (Apr 90) indicating a negative EIA test within the past 12 months are exempted from test requirements.

(2) Negative EIA Test for Assembly. Horses which are congregated at public or private assemblies must have a report of a negative EIA test conducted within the previous 12 months. Such assemblies include boarding stables and pastures, shows, exhibitions, fairs, rodeos, racetracks, trailrides and any other public or private assemblies. The test must be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90).

(3) Negative EIA Test for Change of Ownership. All horses, other than those sold for slaughter, must have a report of a negative EIA test conducted within the previous 12 months for change of ownership. This includes both public and private sales, trial usage, gifts, and rentals or leases. The test must be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90).

(a) For public sale, the report of a negative EIA test must be presented upon request to a Department representative for inspection and approval prior to the sale. The Department representative, upon approval of the horse for sale, will give the VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) to sale management for transfer to the buyer after the sale or for return to the owner if the horse is not sold.

(b) For private sale or other transfer of ownership, the VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) must be provided to the new owner or custodian at the time of change of location or ownership.

(c) Sale for slaughter. No report of EIA test is required for sale of a horse for slaughter purposes if the horse:

1. Is isolated at all times from horses which are not being sold for slaughter;

2. Is sold after the sale of all horses with a negative EIA test report;

3. Is identified by an 'S' freeze brand, not less than two inches in height nor two inches in width, on the left side of the neck; and

4. Is moved within 24 hours after the sale directly to a horse slaughtering establishment, or to an approved quarantine assembly point under VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80).

(d) A horse which has been identified as a reactor may be sold for slaughter at a horse slaughter sale if the horse is:

1. Permanently identified as provided in 5C-18.006(2);

2. Moved under VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) directly to a horse slaughter sale;

3. Placed in a quarantine pen which is placarded "Quarantine" and which is at least 200 yards from all other horses;

4. Sold at the end of the sale and is immediately returned to the quarantine pens and remains there until removed from the premises.

5. Moved from an approved horse slaughter sale within 24 hours of sale under VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) to an approved quarantine assembly point, and then to a horse slaughtering establishment; or, directly to a horse slaughtering establishment.

(4) Negative EIA Test for Breeding Stallions and Mares. All horses used for breeding purposes must have a report of a negative EIA test conducted within 12 months prior to breeding. The test must be reported on VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90).


5C-18.011 Procedures for Assembly Points, Approved Quarantine Assembly Points, Approved Quarantine Premises, and Horse Slaughter Sales.


(1) Assembly Points. Horses which are congregated at public or private assembly must have a VS Form 10-11 (Apr 90) as evidence of a negative EIA test conducted within the previous 12 months. Such assembly includes boarding stables and pastures, shows, exhibitions, fairs, rodeos, roping events, racetracks, trailrides and any other public or private assembly.
(a) The report of an EIA test must accompany the horse for admission to any point of assembly described above, and must accurately describe the animal as provided in 5C-18.003(1)(d). If this requirement is not met, the horse will be denied entry into the show, exhibit, or other point of assembly.
(b) The owner of a boarding stable or pasture, the sponsors of an event, or the person designated in charge of an event is responsible for ensuring that the report of the EIA test requirements as stated above have been met.
(c) The owner of a boarding stable or pasture, the sponsors of an event, or the person designated in charge of an event is responsible for maintaining records which include the following information on all horses for each occasion entering the assembly point:
1. The name of the horse;
2. The name of the owner of the horse or the name of the owner's representative;
3. The EIA test date, which is the date the blood sample was obtained to be submitted; and
4. The laboratory accession number of the report of the EIA test.
(d) The records must be maintained for a period of two years and must be available for inspection by a Department representative whenever requested.

(2) Approved Quarantine Assembly Points. These facilities are for the purpose of assembling reactors, suspects, exposed and untested slaughter horses until movement to slaughter. They must be approved by the Director and must have a permit issued by the Department.
(a) Application for Permit. A written request for a permit to maintain an approved quarantine assembly point must be submitted to the Florida Department
of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry, Post Office Box 6710, Tallahassee, Florida 32314.
1. Recommendation for Approval. Facilities which meet the requirements of 5C- 18.011(2)(c) on inspection by an authorized representative of the Department will be recommended for approval.
2. The applicant will submit to the Department a recommendation for approval signed by an authorized representative of the Department.
3. The Department will issue the permit on receipt of the signed recommendation. The permit will expire on December 31 of the year of issue.
(b) Renewal of Permit.
1. The applicant must submit to the Department a completed recommendation for approval signed by a Department representative.
2. Requests for permit renewal must be received by November 30 of each year. If such requests for renewal have not been approved by January 1, the facility will no longer be approved and any request will be processed as an initial request, as provided in 5C-18.011(2)(a).
(c) Requirements for Facility. Approved quarantine assembly points must provide adequate facilities as follows:
1. The perimeter must be maintained at least 200 yards from other premises on which horses are confined;
2. The facilities must be clean and sanitary;
3. The fences must prevent escape of any horse;
4. A "Quarantine" placard must be visible at all entrances and exits; and
5. All entrances and exits must be secured to prevent entry by unauthorized persons when the facility is unattended.
(d) Records Required. The owner must maintain a complete record on all horses entering and leaving the premises. The records must be maintained for a period of two years and must include:
1. The name of the horse;
2. The date of entry into the facility;
3. The name and address of the owner;
4. A copy of the VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) which authorized movement to the approved quarantine assembly point; and
5. A copy of the VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) authorizing movement from the quarantine assembly point.
(e) Requirements for Horses to Enter or Leave.
1. Reactor or slaughter horses, purchased at horse slaughter sales, must be permanently identified by the appropriate freeze brand and must be accompanied by VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) authorizing movement to the facility.
2. Untested horses sold for slaughter purposes by private contract may be moved to the facility without restrictions, provided that the horses are freeze branded as provided in 5C-18.006(2) within 72 hours after arrival. These horses
must be included in the records required in (d) above.
3. Horses must be consigned to a horse slaughtering establishment within 90 days after entering the facility.
4. Horses which leave the facility must be accompanied by a VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) and consigned directly to a horse slaughtering establishment. Separate VS Forms 1-27 (Dec 80) must be issued for reactors and for 'S' branded horses.
5. Livestock other than horses may not be maintained in the quarantine assembly point.
6. Horses that die while confined to approved quarantine assembly points must be disposed of immediately by burial, burning, or rendering.
7. Vehicles transporting reactors into and out of the facility must be cleaned and disinfected after each use.
8. Failure of the owner of the facility to comply with any requirement of 5C- 18 will subject the permit to immediate revocation.

(3) Approved Quarantine Premises. Approved quarantine premises must have valid permits and must comply with all requirements of 5C-18.007(5).

(4) Horse Slaughter Sales. Any sale where horses are sold for slaughter must be licensed or bonded by the Packers and Stockyard Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service or by the Department's Division of Marketing and Development and must notify the Division of Animal Industry not less than 30 days in advance of any sale.
(a) Requirements for Facility. The facility must provide:
1. Holding areas where designated slaughter horses that do not have a report of a negative EIA test are isolated from all other horses;
2. Holding areas to isolate all reactor horses at least 200 yards from all other horses, except for the period of time they are exhibited for sale;
3. Sale of all horses with a report of a negative EIA test before sale of untested, suspect, or reactor horses;
4. A fly control program utilizing at least one of the following: baits; fly strips; electric bug killers; application of a pesticide effective against flies and applied according to the product's Federally registered or State registered label; and
5. Cleaning and disinfecting prior to the next sale.
(b) Records Required.
1. The owner or manager of a sale is required to keep a record of all horses sold. The records must provide the following information:
a. The name of the horse;
b. The date of entry into the facility;
c. The name and address of the owner;
d. The EIA test status specifying untested, negative, exposed, suspect, or reactor;
e. A copy of the VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) authorizing movement of exposed, suspect, or reactor horses to the horse slaughter sale; and
f. A copy of the VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) authorizing movement from the facility to an approved quarantine assembly point or to a horse slaughtering establishment.
2. These records must be kept for two years and must be made available for inspection by a Department representative upon request.
(c) A horse must be moved from the sale under VS Form 1-27 (Dec 80) directly to an approved quarantine assembly point, to a horse slaughtering establishment, or to an approved quarantine premise.


5C-20.002 Declaration.

Each of the following pests or diseases is declared to be a dangerous, transmissible pest or disease of animals and to constitute a public nuisance. Any person who has knowledge of the existence of any of these diseases or pests in or among livestock or poultry in the state shall immediately report same to the State Veterinarian (904/488-6874).

(1) African horse sickness

(2) African swine fever

(3) Anthrax

(4) Avian influenza

(5) Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

(6) Brucellosis

(7) Cattle fever tick infestation

(8) Chlamydiosis (psittacosis, ornithosis)

(9) Cochliomyiasis (screwworm infestation)

(10) Contagious equine metritis

(11) Contagious bovine or caprine pleuropneumonia

(12) Dourine

(13) Equine encephalitis (Eastern, Western or Venezuelan)

(14) Equine infectious anemia

(15) Equine piroplasmosis

(16) Foot and mouth disease

(17) Glanders

(18) Heartwater

(19) Hog cholera

(20) Infectious bronchitis

(21) Laryngotracheitis

(22) Mycoplasma gallisepticum

(23) Mycoplasma meleagridis

(24) Mycoplasma synoviae

(25) Newcastle disease

(26) Pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease)

(27) Pullorum disease

(28) Rabies

(29) Rinderpest

(30) Salmonella enteritidis

(31) Scabies of sheep or cattle

(32) Scrapie of sheep or goats

(33) Southern cattle fever (Texas fever)

(34) Tropical horse tick infestation

(35) Tuberculosis

(36) Vesicular exanthema

(37) Vesicular stomatitis


5I-4.003 Vehicular, Animal and Pedestrian Control.

(1) All traffic laws of the State are applicable to managed lands except as otherwise provided by these rules.

(2) No person shall operate any vehicle on managed lands controlled by the Department at a speed greater than 30 m.p.h., unless otherwise posted.

(3) The speed limit in developed recreational areas such as camping facilities and day use areas is 10 m.p.h., unless otherwise posted.

(4) No person shall drive any vehicle on managed lands at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under existing conditions or in such a manner that disregards the actual and potential hazards.

(5) No person shall operate any vehicle on managed lands except on designated roads, parking areas, or other areas established and specifically identified by the Department.

(6) No person shall operate a vehicle on managed lands, with the exception of designated areas set aside and marked for use by recreational type vehicles, unless the vehicle displays a valid license tag and is operated by a properly licensed driver.

(7) No person shall operate a motorized cycle or dune buggy on any portion of the Citrus Tract of the Withlacoochee State Forest, or on any sand bar along or within the streams of the Blackwater River State Forest, Jennings State Forest, or on any other area specifically prohibited by the Department.

(8) Except for that portion of the Croom Tract of the Withlacoochee State Forest marked and designated as the Croom Motorcycle Area, no person shall operate a motorized cycle on any portion of the Croom Tract of the Withlacoochee State Forest during the times established for the muzzleloading gun hunt, the general gun hunt, and the small game hunt.

(9) No person shall operate or ride a motorized cycle, and no person under 16 years of age shall operate or ride upon a moped, on managed lands unless such person is wearing protective headgear and adheres to the other operating provisions of Sections 316.211, 316.2074 and 316.2085, Florida Statutes.

(10) No person shall bring horses or horse trailers into camping facilities, except upon showing that special request has been made to and permission granted by the Department upon a determination that there is no threat to the health, safety, and welfare of the camping facilities and that the horses and horse trailers do not constitute a nuisance, as defined herein.

(11) No person shall ride or lead horses off designated roads, horse trails or field trial runs, except upon showing that special request has been made to, and permission granted by, the Department upon a determination that there is no threat to the health, safety, and welfare of these particular areas and that such acts do not constitute a nuisance, as defined herein.

(12) No person shall ride horses after sunset on designated roads.

(13) No person shall have horses on the Croom Tract during the times established for the muzzleloading gun hunt and the general gun hunt.

(14) No person shall bring any horse on managed lands without producing record of a current negative Coggins test for Equine Infectious Anemia as required by Section 5C-18.010, Florida Administrative Code.

(15) Hiking trails and nature trails are for foot traffic only unless the trails follow designated roads or are part of a designated horse or bike trail.

(16) No person shall leave an unattended vehicle on any designated road or trail in such a manner as to obstruct traffic.


Amended in 1995, 1999.
Reviewed by AAHS in October 2001.


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