University of Vermont AAHS

Brand Laws


 

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Most states have brand laws. These statutes and (sometimes) administrative regulations establish brand registration systems. These systems require the registration of brands with county or state officials to avoid duplication of brands or brands that are confusingly alike.

Brand laws also specify where on the horse, cow or other livestock the brands can be placed. Typically, they also specify that the existence of a registered brand on an animal is proof (subject to rebuttal by evidence) that the animal belongs to the person in whose name the brand is registered. Finally, brand laws frequently provide that sale of any branded animal must be accompanied by a written bill of sale.

In addition, brand laws often establish a system of brand inspections when livestock are sold at public auction, imported into a state or moved intra-state. Brand inspectors are commissioned to examine livestock to search for stolen animals.

(Scroll down to view state statutes.)

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We were able to find brand statutes and administrative regulations for 41 states. We were unable to find either statutes or regulations for the following: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and West Virginia. If you have information about brand laws in any of those states, please contact us with your information.

This page was created on March 30, 1997. 

All statutes were reviewed in July 2001.  Changes were made to reflect amendments and repeals since the original posting.  All statutes in this segment were reviewed by AAHS in April and May of 2003 and updated when needed.  The changes were posted in August 2003.

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado

Connecticut [none found]
Delaware [none found]
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii

Idaho
Illinois 
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine [none found]
Maryland [none found]
Massachusetts [none found]

Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana 
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire [none found]
New Jersey [none found]
New Mexico

New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma

Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island [none found]

South Carolina
South Dakota

Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia

Washington
West Virginia [none found]
Wisconsin
Wyoming